Volume 568

Decker v. Nw Envtl Def. Ctr.
Docket Number: 11-338
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Clean Water Act requires that National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits be secured before pollutants are discharged from any point source into navigable waters of the United States, 33 U. S. C....

Wos v. E. M. A.
Docket Number: 12-98
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Medicaid statute’s anti-lien provision, 42 U. S. C. 1396p(a)(1), pre-empts state efforts to take any portion of a tort judgment or settlement not “designated as payments for medical care.” A North Carolina statute re...

Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles
Docket Number: 11-1450
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA) gives federal district courts original jurisdiction over class actions if the matter in controversy exceeds $5 million, 28 U.S.C. 1332(d)(2),(5), and provides that to determin...

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-697
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Wiley, an academic publisher, often assigns to its foreign subsidiary (WileyAsia) rights to publish, print, and sell Wiley’s English language textbooks abroad. WileyAsia’s books state that they are not to be taken (witho...

Levin v. United States
Docket Number: 11-1351
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act waives sovereign immunity from tort suits, 28 U. S. C. 1346(b)(1), except for certain intentional torts, including battery; it originally afforded tort victims a remedy against the government,...

Amgen Inc. v. CT Ret. Plans & Trust Funds
Docket Number: 11-1085
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: To recover damages in a private securities-fraud action under section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 10b–5, a plaintiff must prove reliance on a material misrepre...

Gabelli v. Sec. & Exch. Comm'n
Docket Number: 11-1274
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Investment Advisers Act makes it illegal to defraud clients, 15 U.S.C. 10b–6(1),(2), and authorizes the Securities and Exchange Commission to bring enforcement actions against investment advisers and against individu...

Clapper v. Amnesty Int'l USA
Docket Number: 11-1025
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act,50 U.S.C. 1881a,2008 amendments, permit the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence to acquire foreign intelligence information by jointly authorizing surveill...

Marx v. General Revenue Corp.
Docket Number: 11-1175
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Marx alleged that GRC violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by harassing and falsely threatening her in order to collect on a debt. The district court ruled against Marx and awarded GRC costs under FRCP...

Gunn v. Minton
Docket Number: 11-1118
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: In an infringement suit, the district court declared Minton’s patent invalid under the “on sale” bar since he had leased his interactive securities trading system to a brokerage more than one year before the patent appli...

Evans v. Michigan
Docket Number: 11-1327
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: After the State of Michigan rested its case at Evans’ arson trial, the court granted a directed verdict of acquittal, concluding that the state had failed to prove that the burned building was not a dwelling, a fact the...

Johnson v. Williams
Docket Number: 11-465
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: A California jury convicted Williams of murder. On direct appeal she claimed that questioning and dismissal of a juror during deliberations violated the Sixth Amendment and California law. Holding that the juror had been...

Chaidez v. United States
Docket Number: 11-820
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Immigration officials initiated removal proceedings against Chaidez in 2009 upon learning that she had pleaded guilty to mail fraud in 2004. To avoid removal, she sought to overturn that conviction by filing a petition f...

Henderson v. United States
Docket Number: 11-9307
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The district court increased the length of Henderson’s sentence so he could participate in a prison drug rehabilitation program. Henderson’s counsel did not object to the sentence, but, on appeal, Henderson claimed plain...

Fed. Trade Comm'n v. Phoebe Putney Health Sys., Inc.
Docket Number: 11-1160
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Georgia’s Hospital Authorities Law, Ga. Code 31-7-75, political subdivisions may create special-purpose hospital authorities to exercise public and essential governmental functions, including acquiring public healt...

Chafin v. Chafin
Docket Number: 11-1347
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction requires contracting states to order a child returned to her country of habitual residence upon finding that the child has been wrongfully remove...

Bailey v. United States
Docket Number: 11-770
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: While police were preparing to execute a search warrant for a basement apartment, detectives in an unmarked car outside the apartment saw two men, later identified as Bailey and Middleton, leave the gated area above the...

Florida v. Harris
Docket Number: 11-817
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Officer Wheetley pulled Harris over for a routine traffic stop. Wheetley sought consent to search Harris’s truck, based on Harris’s nervousness and seeing an open beer can. When Harris refused, Wheetley executed a sniff...

Sebelius v. Auburn Reg'l Med. Ctr.
Docket Number: 11-1231
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Reimbursement providers for inpatient services rendered to Medicare beneficiaries is adjusted upward for hospitals that serve disproportionate numbers of patients who are eligible for Supplemental Security Income. The Ce...

Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach
Docket Number: 11-626
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 15, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Lozman’s floating home was a plywood structure with empty bilge space underneath to keep it afloat. He had it towed several times before deciding on a marina owned by the city of Riviera Beach. After various disputes and...

Smith v. United States
Docket Number: 11-8976
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Smith claimed that drug conspiracy charges under 21 U. S. C.846 and 18 U. S. C. 1962(d), were barred by 18 U. S. C.3282’s five-year statute of limitations. The district court instructed the jury to convict Smith if the g...

Already, LLC v. Nike, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-982
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Nike alleged that Already’s athletic shoes violated Nike’s Air Force 1 trademark; Already challenged the trademark. While the suit was pending, Nike agreed not to raise any trademark or unfair competition claims against...

Ryan v. Gonzales
Docket Number: 10-930
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Gonzales, an Arizona death row inmate, sought federal habeas relief. Counsel sought a stay, contending that mental incompetence prevented Gonzales from rationally communicating with or assisting counsel, and that 18 U. S...

Los Angeles Cnty. Flood Control Dist. v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-460
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Los Angeles County Flood Control District operates a “municipal separate storm sewer system” (MS4) drainage system that collects, transports, and discharges storm water. Because storm water is often heavily polluted, the...

Kloeckner v. Solis
Docket Number: 11-184
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: The Civil Service Reform Act permits federal employees, subjected to serious personnel actions, to appeal to the Merit Systems Protection Board, 5 U. S. C. 7701. “Mixed cases,” based on discrimination, are governed by th...

Arkansas Game & Fish Commission v. United States
Docket Number: 11-597
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 4, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Arkansas Game and Fish Commission owns and manages the Donaldson Black River Wildlife Management Area, 23,000 acres with multiple hardwood species and used for recreation and hunting. In 1948, the U.S. Army Corps of Engi...

Nitro-Lift Techs., L.L.C. v. Howard
Docket Number: 11-1377
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: November 26, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Nitro-Lift contracts with operators of oil and gas wells to provide services. Howard and Schneider entered a confidentiality-noncompetition agreement with Nitro-Lift that contained an arbitration clause” After working fo...

United States v. Bormes
Docket Number: 11-192
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: November 13, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Attorney Bormes alleged that the electronic receipt he received when paying his client’s federal-court filing fee on Pay.gov included the last four digits of his credit card number and the card’s expiration date, in will...

Lefemine v. Wideman
Docket Number: 12-168
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: November 5, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Lefemine and members of CCL demonstrate, carrying pictures of aborted fetuses, to protest abortions. In 2005, Lefemine and about 20 other CCL members demonstrated at a busy intersection in Greenwood County, South Carolin...