Volume 568

Decker v. Northwest Environmental Defense Center
Citation: 568 U.S. 597
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Clean Water Act requires that National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits be secured before pollutants are discharged from any point source into navigable waters of the United States, 33 U. S. C....

Wos v. E. M. A.
Citation: 568 U.S. 627
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Medicaid statute’s anti-lien provision, 42 U. S. C. 1396p(a)(1), pre-empts state efforts to take any portion of a tort judgment or settlement not “designated as payments for medical care.” A North Carolina statute re...

Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles
Citation: 568 U.S. 588
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA) gives federal district courts original jurisdiction over class actions if the matter in controversy exceeds $5 million, 28 U.S.C. 1332(d)(2),(5), and provides that to determin...

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Citation: 568 U.S. 519
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Wiley, an academic publisher, often assigns to its foreign subsidiary (WileyAsia) rights to publish, print, and sell Wiley’s English language textbooks abroad. WileyAsia’s books state that they are not to be taken (witho...

Levin v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 503
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act waives sovereign immunity from tort suits, 28 U. S. C. 1346(b)(1), except for certain intentional torts, including battery; it originally afforded tort victims a remedy against the government,...

Amgen Inc. v. CT Ret. Plans & Trust Funds
Citation: 568 U.S. 455
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: To recover damages in a private securities-fraud action under section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 10b–5, a plaintiff must prove reliance on a material misrepre...

Gabelli v. Sec. & Exch. Comm'n
Citation: 568 U.S. 442
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Investment Advisers Act makes it illegal to defraud clients, 15 U.S.C. 10b–6(1),(2), and authorizes the Securities and Exchange Commission to bring enforcement actions against investment advisers and against individu...

Clapper v. Amnesty Int'l USA
Citation: 568 U.S. 398
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act,50 U.S.C. 1881a,2008 amendments, permit the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence to acquire foreign intelligence information by jointly authorizing surveill...

Marx v. General Revenue Corp.
Citation: 568 U.S. 371
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Marx alleged that GRC violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by harassing and falsely threatening her in order to collect on a debt. The district court ruled against Marx and awarded GRC costs under FRCP...

Gunn v. Minton
Citation: 568 U.S. 251
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: In an infringement suit, the district court declared Minton’s patent invalid under the “on sale” bar since he had leased his interactive securities trading system to a brokerage more than one year before the patent appli...

Evans v. Michigan
Citation: 568 U.S. 313
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: After the State of Michigan rested its case at Evans’ arson trial, the court granted a directed verdict of acquittal, concluding that the state had failed to prove that the burned building was not a dwelling, a fact the...

Johnson v. Williams
Citation: 568 U.S. 289
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: A California jury convicted Williams of murder. On direct appeal she claimed that questioning and dismissal of a juror during deliberations violated the Sixth Amendment and California law. Holding that the juror had been...

Chaidez v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 342
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Immigration officials initiated removal proceedings against Chaidez in 2009 upon learning that she had pleaded guilty to mail fraud in 2004. To avoid removal, she sought to overturn that conviction by filing a petition f...

Henderson v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 266
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The district court increased the length of Henderson’s sentence so he could participate in a prison drug rehabilitation program. Henderson’s counsel did not object to the sentence, but, on appeal, Henderson claimed plain...

Fed. Trade Comm'n v. Phoebe Putney Health Sys., Inc.
Citation: 568 U.S. 216
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Georgia’s Hospital Authorities Law, Ga. Code 31-7-75, political subdivisions may create special-purpose hospital authorities to exercise public and essential governmental functions, including acquiring public healt...

Chafin v. Chafin
Citation: 568 U.S. 165
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction requires contracting states to order a child returned to her country of habitual residence upon finding that the child has been wrongfully remove...

Bailey v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 186
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: While police were preparing to execute a search warrant for a basement apartment, detectives in an unmarked car outside the apartment saw two men, later identified as Bailey and Middleton, leave the gated area above the...

Florida v. Harris
Citation: 568 U.S. 237
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Officer Wheetley pulled Harris over for a routine traffic stop. Wheetley sought consent to search Harris’s truck, based on Harris’s nervousness and seeing an open beer can. When Harris refused, Wheetley executed a sniff...

Sebelius v. Auburn Reg'l Med. Ctr.
Citation: 568 U.S. 145
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Reimbursement providers for inpatient services rendered to Medicare beneficiaries is adjusted upward for hospitals that serve disproportionate numbers of patients who are eligible for Supplemental Security Income. The Ce...

Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach
Citation: 568 U.S. 115
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 15, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Lozman’s floating home was a plywood structure with empty bilge space underneath to keep it afloat. He had it towed several times before deciding on a marina owned by the city of Riviera Beach. After various disputes and...

Smith v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 106
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Smith claimed that drug conspiracy charges under 21 U. S. C.846 and 18 U. S. C. 1962(d), were barred by 18 U. S. C.3282’s five-year statute of limitations. The district court instructed the jury to convict Smith if the g...

Already, LLC v. Nike, Inc.
Citation: 568 U.S. 85
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Nike alleged that Already’s athletic shoes violated Nike’s Air Force 1 trademark; Already challenged the trademark. While the suit was pending, Nike agreed not to raise any trademark or unfair competition claims against...

Ryan v. Gonzales
Citation: 568 U.S. 57
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Gonzales, an Arizona death row inmate, sought federal habeas relief. Counsel sought a stay, contending that mental incompetence prevented Gonzales from rationally communicating with or assisting counsel, and that 18 U. S...

Los Angeles Cnty. Flood Control Dist. v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc.
Citation: 568 U.S. 78
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Los Angeles County Flood Control District operates a “municipal separate storm sewer system” (MS4) drainage system that collects, transports, and discharges storm water. Because storm water is often heavily polluted, the...

Kloeckner v. Solis
Citation: 568 U.S. 41
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: The Civil Service Reform Act permits federal employees, subjected to serious personnel actions, to appeal to the Merit Systems Protection Board, 5 U. S. C. 7701. “Mixed cases,” based on discrimination, are governed by th...

Arkansas Game & Fish Commission v. United States
Citation: 568 U.S. 23
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 4, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Arkansas Game and Fish Commission owns and manages the Donaldson Black River Wildlife Management Area, 23,000 acres with multiple hardwood species and used for recreation and hunting. In 1948, the U.S. Army Corps of Engi...

Nitro-Lift Techs., L.L.C. v. Howard
Citation: 568 U.S. 17
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 26, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Nitro-Lift contracts with operators of oil and gas wells to provide services. Howard and Schneider entered a confidentiality-noncompetition agreement with Nitro-Lift that contained an arbitration clause” After working fo...

United States v. Bormes
Citation: 568 U.S. 6
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 13, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Attorney Bormes alleged that the electronic receipt he received when paying his client’s federal-court filing fee on Pay.gov included the last four digits of his credit card number and the card’s expiration date, in will...

Lefemine v. Wideman
Citation: 568 U.S. 1
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 5, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Lefemine and members of CCL demonstrate, carrying pictures of aborted fetuses, to protest abortions. In 2005, Lefemine and about 20 other CCL members demonstrated at a busy intersection in Greenwood County, South Carolin...