Volume 566

Armour v. Indianapolis
Citation: 566 U.S. 673
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: An Indiana statute, the "Barrett Law," Ind. Code 36-9-15(b)(3), authorized Indiana's cities to impose upon benefited owners the cost of sewer improvement projects. The Law also permitted those lot owners to pay either immediately ...

Reichle v. Howards
Citation: 566 U.S. 658
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose when respondent brought an action against petitioners, two Secret Service agents, and others, under 42 U.S.C. 1983 and Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents, claiming that he was arrested and searched ...

Coleman v. Johnson
Citation: 566 U.S. 650
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 29, 2012
RadLAX Gateway Hotel, LLC v. Amalgamated Bank
Citation: 566 U.S. 639
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 29, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Debtors obtained a secured loan from an investment fund, for which the Bank served as trustee. Debtors ultimately became insolvent, seeking relief under 11 U.S.C. 1129(b)(2)(A), where debtors sought to confirm a "cramdown" ...

Freeman, et al. v. Quicken Loans, Inc.
Citation: 566 U.S. 624
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 24, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: A provision of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), 12 U.S.C. 2607(b), prohibited giving and accepting "any portion, split, or percentage of any charge made or received for the rendering of a real estate settlement ...

Blueford v. Arkansas
Citation: 566 U.S. 599
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 24, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose when defendant was charged with capital murder for the death of a one-year-old. Before the jury concluded deliberations, it reported that it was unanimous against guilt on charges of capital murder and first-degree ...

Taniguchi v. Kan Pacific Saipan, Ltd.
Citation: 566 U.S. 560
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose from a personal injury action brought by petitioner, a professional baseball player in Japan, against respondent, the owner of a resort in the Northern Mariana Islands. The costs that could be awarded to prevailing ...

Holder v. Gutierrez; Holder v. Sawyers
Citation: 566 U.S. 583
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: An immigration statute, 8 U.S.C. 1229b(a), authorized the Attorney General to cancel the removal of an alien from the United States who, among other things, has held the status of a lawful permanent resident (LPR) for at ...

Astrue v. Capato
Citation: 566 U.S. 541
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent gave birth to twins conceived through in vitro fertilization using her deceased husband's frozen sperm. Respondent applied for Social Security survivors benefits for the twins, relying on 42 U.S.C. 416(e) of the ...

Hall v. United States
Citation: 566 U.S. 506
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose when petitioners filed for Chapter 12 bankruptcy and then sold their farm. Under Chapter 12 of the Bankruptcy Code, farmer debtors could treat certain claims owed to a governmental unit resulting from the ...

United States v. Home Concrete & Supply, LLC
Citation: 566 U.S. 478
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 25, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Ordinarily, the Government must assess a deficiency against a taxpayer within "3 years after the return was filed." 26 U.S.C. 6501(a). The 3-year period was extended to 6 years, however, when a taxpayer "omits from gross ...

Wood v. Milyard
Citation: 566 U.S. 463
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1987, petitioner was convicted of murder and other crimes by a Colorado court and sentenced to life imprisonment. Petitioner filed a federal habeas petition in 2008. After receiving the petition, the district court asked ...

Kappos v. Hyatt
Citation: 566 U.S. 431
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 18, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1995, respondent filed a patent application covering 117 claims under the Patent Act of 1952, 35 U.S.C. 112. The patent examiner denied all of the claims for lack of an adequate written description. Respondent appealed ...

Mohamad v. Palestinian Authority
Citation: 566 U.S. 449
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 18, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners sued the Palestinian Authority and the Palestinian Liberation Organization under the Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991 (TVPA), which authorized a cause of action against "[a]n individual" for acts of torture ...

Filarsky v. Delia
Citation: 566 U.S. 377
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent, a firefighter employed by the City of Rialto, brought an action under 42 U.S.C. 1983 against the City, the Fire Department, the private attorney hired by the City, and other individuals. The district court granted ...

Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Ltd. v. Novo Nordisk A/S
Citation: 566 U.S. 399
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Once the FDA has approved a brand manufacturer's drug, another company could seek permission to market a generic version pursuant to legislation known as the Hatch-Waxman Amendments. See Drug Price Competition and Patent ...

Rehberg v. Paulk
Citation: 566 U.S. 356
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent, the chief investigator for a district attorney's office, testified at grand jury proceedings that resulted in petitioner's indictment. After the indictments were dismissed, petitioner brought an action under 42 ...

Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders of County of Burlington
Citation: 566 U.S. 318
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner filed a 42 U.S.C. 1983 action in the district court against government entities that ran the jails and other defendants, alleging Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment violations, and arguing that persons arrested for ...

Vasquez v. United States
Citation: 566 U.S. 376
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2012
FAA v. Cooper
Citation: 566 U.S. 284
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 28, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Claiming that the FAA, DOT, and SSA violated the Privacy Act of 1974, 5 U.S.C. 552a(g)(4)(A), by sharing his records with one another, respondent filed suit alleging that the unlawful disclosure to the DOT of his confidential ...

Vartelas v. Holder
Citation: 566 U.S. 257
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 28, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, a native of Greece and a lawful permanent resident (LPR) of the United States, plead guilty to a felony in 1994. Petitioner later traveled to Greece in 2003 to visit his parents and on his return to the United ...

Setser v. United States
Citation: 566 U.S. 231
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 28, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: When petitioner was indicted in a Texas court on drug charges, the State also moved to revoke the probation term that he was then serving for another drug offense. At about the same time, petitioner pleaded guilty to federal ...

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC v. Simmonds
Citation: 566 U.S. 221
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 26, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2007, respondent filed numerous actions under section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. 78p(b), claiming that, in underwriting various initial public offerings in the late 1990's and 2000, petitioners ...

Zivotofsky v. Clinton
Citation: 566 U.S. 189
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 26, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was born in Jerusalem and his mother requested that his place of birth be listed as "Israel" on a consular report of birth abroad and on his passport pursuant to section 214(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization ...

Sackett v. EPA
Citation: 566 U.S. 120
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners brought a civil action under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. 500 et seq., to challenge the issuance by the EPA of an administrative compliance order under section 309 of the Clean Water Act (Act), ...

Lafler v. Cooper
Citation: 566 U.S. 156
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, a criminal defendant sought a remedy when inadequate assistance of counsel caused nonacceptance of a plea offer and further proceedings led to a less favorable outcome. After the plea offer had been rejected, ...

Missouri v. Frye
Citation: 566 U.S. 134
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose in the context of claimed ineffective assistance that led to the lapse of a prosecution offer of a plea bargain, a proposal that offered terms more lenient than the terms of the guilty plea entered later. ...

Martinez v. Ryan
Citation: 566 U.S. 1
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Arizona prisoners could raise claims of ineffective assistance of trial counsel only in state collateral proceedings, not on direct review. In petitioner's first state collateral proceeding, his counsel did not raise such ...

Coleman v. Court of Appeals of Md.
Citation: 566 U.S. 30
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner filed suit, alleging that his employer, the Maryland Court of Appeals, an instrumentality of the State, violated the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA), 29 U.S.C. 2612(a)(1). The provision at issue required ...

Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc.
Citation: 566 U.S. 66
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: The patent claims at issue covered processes that help doctors who use thiopurine drugs to treat patients with autoimmune diseases determine whether a given dosage level was too low or too high. The claims purported to apply ...

Roberts v. Sea-Land Services, Inc.
Citation: 566 U.S. 93
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2012

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was injured at an Alaska marine terminal while working for respondents and subsequently filed a claim against respondents under the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, 33 U.S.C. 901 et seq. The Act ...