Opinions from 2022

Morgan v. Sundance, Inc.
Docket Number: 21-328
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Morgan, an hourly employee at Sundance's Taco Bell franchise, had signed an agreement to arbitrate any employment dispute. Morgan later filed a nationwide collective action asserting that Sundance had violated federal law ...

Shinn v. Martinez Ramirez
Docket Number: 20-1009
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The Arizona Supreme Court affirmed each prisoner's conviction and death sentence on direct review; each was denied state postconviction relief. Rejecting their petitions for federal habeas relief under 28 U.S.C. 2254, the ...

Patel v. Garland
Docket Number: 20-979
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Patel, who entered the United States illegally in the 1990s, applied for adjustment of status, 8 U.S.C. 1255. Because Patel had previously checked a box on a Georgia driver’s license application falsely stating that he ...

Federal Election Commission v. Cruz
Docket Number: 21-12
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: During his 2018 Senate reelection campaign, Cruz loaned his campaign committee $260,000. Section 304 of the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act restricts the use of post-election campaign contributions, 52 U.S.C. 30116(j). ...

Shurtleff v. Boston
Docket Number: 20-1800
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Boston’s City Hall Plaza has three flagpoles; one flies the American flag and another the state flag. The city’s flag usually flies from the third pole but groups may hold ceremonies on the plaza during which participants ...

LeDure v. Union Pacific Railroad Co.
Docket Number: 20-807
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 28, 2022
Cummings v. Premier Rehab Keller, P.L.L.C.
Docket Number: 20-219
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 28, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Cummings, who is deaf and blind, sought physical therapy services from Premier, requesting an American Sign Language interpreter at her sessions. Premier declined. Cummings sought damages, alleging discrimination on the basis ...

Cassirer v. Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation
Docket Number: 20-1566
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Cassirer inherited a Pissaro Impressionist painting. After the Nazis came to power in Germany, she surrendered the painting to obtain an exit visa. She and her grandson, Claude, eventually settled in the United States. The ...

City of Austin v. Reagan National Advertising of Austin, LLC
Docket Number: 20-1029
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Austin Texas specially regulates signs that advertise things that are not located on the same premises as the sign and signs that direct people to offsite locations (off-premises signs). Its sign code prohibited the construction ...

Brown v. Davenport
Docket Number: 20-826
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Davenport, convicted of first-degree murder following a jury trial where he sat shackled at a table with a “privacy screen,” argued that his conviction should be set aside because the Due Process Clause generally forbids ...

Boechler v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
Docket Number: 20-1472
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS notified Boechler, a North Dakota law firm, of a discrepancy in its tax filings. When Boechler did not respond, the IRS assessed an “intentional disregard” penalty and notified Boechler of its intent to levy Boechler’s ...

United States v. Vaello Madero
Docket Number: 20-303
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The U.S. Constitution’s Territory Clause states that Congress may “make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory . . . belonging to the United States.” In exercising its broad authority, Congress ...

Thompson v. Clark
Docket Number: 20-659
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Thompson was living with his fiancée and their newborn baby in a Brooklyn apartment. Thompson’s sister-in-law, apparently suffering from mental illness, called 911 to report that Thompson was sexually abusing the baby. ...

Badgerow v. Walters
Docket Number: 20-1143
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 31, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Badgerow initiated an arbitration proceeding, alleging that her employment was unlawfully terminated. After arbitrators dismissed Badgerow’s claims, she filed suit in Louisiana state court to vacate the arbitral award. ...

Houston Community College System v. Wilson
Docket Number: 20-804
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 24, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Wilson, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Houston Community College System, brought multiple lawsuits challenging the Board’s actions. In 2016, the Board publicly reprimanded Wilson. He continued to charge the Board ...

Ramirez v. Collier
Docket Number: 21-5592
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 24, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Ramirez was sentenced to death for a 2004 murder. Texas informed Ramirez of his September 2021 execution date. Ramirez requested that his pastor be present in the execution chamber. Texas amended its protocol to allow a prisoner’s ...

Wisconsin Legislature v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Docket Number: 21A471
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The 2020 census revealed that Wisconsin’s State Assembly and Senate districts were no longer equally apportioned. The Governor vetoed new maps passed by the legislature. The Wisconsin Supreme Court invited proposed maps ...

Wooden v. United States
Docket Number: 20-5279
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Wooden was convicted as a felon in possession of a firearm, 18 U.S.C. 922(g). The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) mandates a 15-year minimum penalty for section 922(g) offenders with at least three prior convictions for ...

Federal Bureau of Investigation v. Fazaga
Docket Number: 20-828
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Members of Muslim communities filed a putative class action, claiming that the government subjected Muslims to illegal surveillance. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) provides a procedure for consideration ...

United States v. Tsarnaev
Docket Number: 20-443
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2013, brothers Dzhokhar and Tamerlan planted and detonated homemade bombs near the Boston Marathon’s finish line, killing three and wounding hundreds. The brothers fled, murdering a campus police officer, carjacking ...

Cameron v. EMW Women's Surgical Center, P. S. C.
Docket Number: 20-601
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 3, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Kentucky’s attorney general and its Secretary of Health and Family Services were defendants in a suit concerning House Bill 454, regulating abortion procedures. Plaintiffs agreed to dismiss the attorney general, stipulating ...

Unicolors, Inc. v. H&M Hennes & Mauritz, L. P.
Docket Number: 20-915
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 24, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Unicolors, the owner of fabric design copyrights, successfully sued H&M for copyright infringement, 17 U.S.C. 411(a). H&M argued that Unicolors knowingly included inaccurate information on its registration application, rendering ...

Hughes v. Northwestern University
Docket Number: 19-1401
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 24, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Northwestern’s defined contribution retirement plans, governed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1001, allowed participants to choose an individual investment mix from a menu of options selected ...

Hemphill v. New York
Docket Number: 20-637
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 20, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: A stray 9-millimeter bullet killed a child after a Bronx street fight. Eyewitnesses described the shooter as wearing a blue shirt or sweater. Police officers determined Gilliam was involved and that Morris was at the scene. ...

Babcock v. Kijakazi
Docket Number: 20-480
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Social Security retirement benefits are calculated using a formula based on past earnings, 42 U.S.C. 415(a)(1)(A). Under the “windfall elimination” provision, benefits are reduced when a retiree receives a separate pension ...

National Federation of Independent Business v. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Docket Number: 21A244
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The Secretary of Labor, through OSHA, enacted a vaccine mandate, to be enforced by employers. The mandate preempted contrary state laws and covered virtually all employers with at least 100 employees, with exemptions for ...

Biden v. Missouri
Docket Number: 21A240
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: In November 2021, the Secretary of HHS announced that, in order to receive Medicare and Medicaid funding, participating facilities must ensure that their staff—unless exempt for medical or religious reasons or teleworking ...