Opinions from 2016

Shaw v. United States
Docket Number: 15-5991
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 12, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Shaw used identifying numbers of Hsu's bank account in a scheme to transfer funds from that account to accounts at other institutions from which Shaw was able to obtain Hsu’s funds. Shaw was convicted under 18 U.S.C. 13...

State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. v. United States ex rel. Rigsby
Docket Number: 15-513
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Before Hurricane Katrina, State Farm issued federal government-backed flood insurance policies and its own homeowner policies. Relators, former claims adjusters for a State Farm contractor (Renfroe) filed a complaint und...

Salman v. United States
Docket Number: 15-628
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and SEC Rule 10b–5 prohibit undisclosed trading on inside corporate information by persons bound by a duty not to exploit that information for their personal advantage...

Samsung Electronics Co. v. Apple Inc.
Docket Number: 15-777
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Patent Act prohibits the manufacture or sale an “article of manufacture” to which a patented design or a colorable imitation thereof has been applied and makes an infringer liable “to the extent of his total profit,”...

Bravo-Fernandez v. United States
Docket Number: 15-537
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 29, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A jury convicted Bravo and Martínez of bribery (18 U.S.C. 666), simultaneously acquitting them of conspiring to and traveling in interstate commerce to violate section 666. The only contested issue was whether they had v...

Bosse v. Oklahoma
Docket Number: 15-9173
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: October 11, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: In Booth v. Maryland (1987), the Supreme Court held that “the Eighth Amendment prohibits a capital sentencing jury from considering victim impact evidence” that does not “relate directly to the circumstances of the crime...

Voisine v. United States
Docket Number: 14-10154
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Congress extended the federal prohibition on firearms possession by convicted felons to persons convicted of a “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,” 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9), defining that phrase to include a misdemeanor...

Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt
Docket Number: 15-274
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Texas House Bill 2 (2013) required that a “physician performing or inducing an abortion . . . must, on the date [of service], have active admitting privileges at a hospital . . . not further than 30 miles from the” abort...

McDonnell v. United States
Docket Number: 15-474
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Former Virginia Governor McDonnell, and his wife were indicted on honest services fraud and Hobbs Act extortion charges related to their acceptance of $175,000 in loans, gifts, and other benefits from Williams, the CEO o...

Birchfield v. North Dakota
Docket Number: 14-1468
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Every state has a law that prohibits motorists from driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeding a specified level. BAC is typically determined by analysis of a blood sample or by using a machine to measure...

Fisher v. Univ. of Tex. at Austin
Docket Number: 14-981
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The University of Texas at Austin’s undergraduate admissions system offers admission to all students who graduate in the top 10% of their Texas high school class, as required by the Texas Top Ten Percent Law. It fills th...

Mathis v. United States
Docket Number: 15-6092
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) imposes a 15-year mandatory minimum sentence on a defendant convicted of being a felon in possession of a firearm who has three prior convictions “for a violent felony,” including “bu...

United States v. Texas
Docket Number: 15-674
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: An equally divided Court affirmed, by per curiam opinion, the judgment of the appeals court below. That court had temporarily halted implementation of the federal government's Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and...

Utah v. Strieff
Docket Number: 14-1373
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Detective Fackrell conducted surveillance on a South Salt Lake City residence based on an anonymous tip about drug dealing. The number of people he observed making brief visits during the week made him suspect drug activ...

Taylor v. United States
Docket Number: 14-6166
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Taylor and other gang members twice broke into homes of marijuana dealers, demanded drugs and money, found neither, and left relatively empty handed. At Taylor’s retrial on Hobbs Act charges of affecting commerce or atte...

RJR Nabisco, Inc. v. European Cmty.
Docket Number: 15-138
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), makes it a crime to invest income derived from a pattern of racketeering activity in an enterprise “which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, i...

Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro
Docket Number: 15-415
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires employers to pay overtime compensation to covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a week; a 1966 exemption covers “any salesman, partsman, or mechanic primarily engag...

Cuozzo Speed Techs., LLC v. Lee
Docket Number: 15-446
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A third party may ask the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) for inter partes review to reexamine claims in an issued patent and to cancel any claim found to be unpatentable in light of prior art; the decision “whether to...

Kingdomware Techs., Inc. v. United States
Docket Number: 14-916
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Veterans Benefits, Health Care, and Information Technology Act requires the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to set annual goals for contracting with service-disabled and other veteran-owned small businesses, 38 U.S.C....

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Docket Number: 15-375
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Kirtsaeng bought low-cost foreign edition textbooks in Thailand and resold them to students in the U.S. In 2013 the Supreme Court held that Kirtsaeng could invoke the Copyright Act’s “first-sale doctrine,” 17 U.S.C. 109(...

Universal Health Servs., Inc. v. United States
Docket Number: 15-7
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A Massachusetts’ Medicaid beneficiary received services at Arbour, a mental health facility owned by Universal’s subsidiary. The teenager had an adverse reaction to a medication that a purported doctor prescribed after d...

Halo Elecs., Inc. v. Pulse Elecs., Inc.
Docket Number: 14-1513
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: In Patent Act infringement cases, courts may increase the damages up to three times the amount assessed, 35 U.S.C. 284. Under the Federal Circuit’s “Seagate” test for section 284 damages, a patent-holder had to demonstra...

Puerto Rico v. Franklin Cal. Tax-Free Trust
Docket Number: 15-233
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Parts of the Puerto Rico Public Corporation Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act mirrored Chapters 9 and 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Code and enabled Puerto Rico’s public utility corporations to restructure their debt. The...

United States v. Bryant
Docket Number: 15-420
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Enacted in response to the high incidence of domestic violence against Native American women, 18 U.S.C. 117(a), applies to any person who “commits a domestic assault within . . . Indian country” and who has at least two...

Puerto Rico v. Valle
Docket Number: 15-108
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendants each sold a gun to an undercover police officer. Each was indicted for violation of the Puerto Rico Arms Act of 2000. While those charges were pending, federal grand juries indicted them, based on the same tra...

Dietz v. Bouldin
Docket Number: 15-458
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Following a Montana automobile accident, Dietz sued Bouldin. Bouldin admitted liability and stipulated to damages of $10,136 for Dietz’ medical expenses. Dietz wanted more. During deliberations, the jury sent a note aski...

Williams v. Pennsylvania
Docket Number: 15-5040
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Williams was convicted of a 1984 murder and sentenced to death. Philadelphia District Attorney Castille approved a request to seek the death penalty. Williams’s conviction and sentence were upheld on direct appeal, state...

Simmons v. Himmelreich
Docket Number: 15-109
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Himmelreich, a federal prisoner, sued the United States, alleging that he was severely beaten by a fellow inmate as the result of negligence by prison officials. The government treated the suit as a claim under the Feder...

Ross v. Blake
Docket Number: 15-339
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Guards (Madigan and Ross) undertook to move Blake, a Maryland inmate, to the prison’s segregation unit. Madigan assaulted Blake, punching him in the face. The prison system’s Internal Investigative Unit (IIU), issued a r...

Army Corps of Eng'rs v. Hawkes Co.
Docket Number: 15-290
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 31, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Peat mining companies sought a Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. 1311(a), 1362, permit from the Army Corps of Engineers, to discharge material onto wetlands on property that they own and hope to mine. The Corps issued a jurisdi...

Johnson v. Lee
Docket Number: 15-789
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 31, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Lee and her boyfriend stabbed two women to death and were convicted of first-degree murder. Lee received a sentence of life without the possibility of parole. In 1999, Lee unsuccessfully raised four claims on appeal. Af...

Lynch v. Arizona
Docket Number: 15-8366
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 31, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Lynch was convicted of first-degree murder, kidnapping, armed robbery, and burglary for a 2001 killing. The state sought the death penalty. Before Lynch’s penalty phase trial began, Arizona successfully moved to prevent...

Wittman v. Personhuballah
Docket Number: 14-1504
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Voters from Virginia’s Congressional District 3 challenged the Commonwealth’s 2013 congressional redistricting plan on the ground that the legislature’s redrawing of their district was unconstitutional racial gerrymander...

Green v. Brennan
Docket Number: 14-613
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Green complained to his employer, the U.S. Postal Service, that he was denied a promotion because he was black. His supervisors then accused him of the crime of intentionally delaying the mail. In a 2009 agreement, USPS...

Foster v. Chatman
Docket Number: 14-8349
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: During jury selection at Foster’s trial, the state (Georgia) used peremptory challenges to strike all four qualified black prospective jurors. Foster was convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death. The trial cour...

Luna Torres v. Lynch
Docket Number: 14-1096
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 19, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Any alien convicted of an “aggravated felony” after entering the U.S. is deportable, ineligible for several forms of discretionary relief, and subject to expedited removal, 8 U.S.C. 1227(a)(2)(A)(iii), (3). An “aggravate...

CRST Van Expedited, Inc. v. Equal Employment Opportunity Comm'n
Docket Number: 14-1375
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 19, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: CRST trucking company requires its drivers to graduate from its training program before becoming certified drivers. In 2005, new driver Starke filed an EEOC charge, alleging that she was sexually harassed by male trainer...

Betterman v. Montana
Docket Number: 14-1457
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 19, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Betterman pleaded guilty to bail jumping after failing to appear on domestic assault charges. He was then jailed for over 14 months awaiting sentence, in large part due to institutional delay. He was eventually sentenced...

Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins
Docket Number: 13-1339
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Spokeo operates a “people search engine,” which searches a wide spectrum of databases to gather and provide personal information about individuals to various users, including prospective employers. After Robins discovere...

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc. v. Manning
Docket Number: 14-1132
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Manning held 2,000,000 shares of Escala stock. He claims that he lost most of his investment when its price plummeted after Merrill Lynch devalued Escala through “naked short sales.” Unlike a typical short sale, where a...

Zubik v. Burwell
Docket Number: 14-1418
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Employers must cover certain contraceptives as part of their health plans unless the employer submits a form to their insurer or to the federal government, stating that they object on religious grounds to providing contr...

Husky Int’l Electronics, Inc. v. Ritz
Docket Number: 15-145
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Chrysalis incurred a debt of $164,000 to Husky. Ritz, Chrysalis’ director and then-part-owner, drained Chrysalis of assets available to pay the debt by transferring large sums to other entities Ritz controlled. Husky sue...

Sheriff v. Gillie
Docket Number: 15-338
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act prohibits “abusive debt collection practices,” 15 U.S.C. 1692(a)–(d), barring “false, deceptive, or misleading representation[s].” The definition of “debt collectors,” excludes “any...

Kernan v. Hinojas
Docket Number: 15-833
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Hinojosa was serving a sentence for armed robbery when, in 2009, prison officials “validated” him as a prison-gang associate and placed him in secured housing (Cal. Penal Code 2933.6). In 2010, the state amended the law...

Ocasio v. United States
Docket Number: 14-361
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Ocasio and other police officers routed damaged vehicles from accident scenes to an auto repair shop in exchange for kickbacks. He was charged with obtaining money from the shopowners under color of official right (Hobbs...

Heffernan v. City of Paterson
Docket Number: 14-1280
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 26, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Paterson, New Jersey, chief of police and Officer Heffernan’s supervisor were appointed by Paterson’s incumbent mayor, who was running for re-election against Heffernan's friend, Spagnola. Heffernan was not involved...

Harris v. Ariz. Indep. Redistricting Comm’n
Docket Number: 14-232
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: After the 2010 census, Arizona’s Redistricting Commission, with two Republicans, two Democrats, and one Independent, redrew legislative districts. The initial plan had a 4.07% maximum population deviation from absolute e...

Bank Markazi v. Peterson
Docket Number: 14-770
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: American nationals may seek damages from state sponsors of terrorism in U.S. courts, 28 U.S.C. 1605A, but face difficulties enforcing their judgments. Concerned with specific terrorism cases, Congress enacted the Iran Th...

Molina-Martinez v. United States
Docket Number: 14-8913
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Molina-Martinez pleaded guilty to being unlawfully present in the U.S. after being deported following an aggravated felony conviction. The Guidelines range in his presentence report was 77-96 months. The Probation Office...

Franchise Tax Bd. of Cal. v. Hyatt
Docket Number: 14-1175
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 19, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Hyatt claims that he moved from California to Nevada in 1991, but the Franchise Tax Board of California claimed that he moved in 1992 and owed California millions in taxes, penalties, and interest. Hyatt sued in Nevada s...

Hughes v. Talen Energy Mktg., LLC
Docket Number: 14-614
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 19, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has exclusive jurisdiction over interstate wholesale electricity sales. States regulate retail sales. In states that have deregulated their energy markets, “load serving en...

Welch v. United States
Docket Number: 15-6418
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 18, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Possession of a firearm by a felon is punishable by up to 10 years' imprisonment, 18 U.SC. 922(g), 924(a)(2), but the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) increases that sentence to a mandatory 15-years-to-life if the offend...

Evenwel v. Abbott
Docket Number: 14-940
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the one-person, one-vote principle, jurisdictions must design legislative districts with equal populations. In state and local legislative districting, states may deviate from perfect population equality to accommo...

Nichols v. United States
Docket Number: 15-5238
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) makes it a crime for certain sex offenders to “knowingly fai[l] to register or update a registration,” 18 U.S.C. 2250(a)(3), and requires that offenders who move...

Woods v. Etherton
Docket Number: 15-723
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Michigan law enforcement received an anonymous tip that two white males were traveling on I–96 in a white Audi, possibly carrying cocaine. Officers spotted a vehicle matching that description and pulled it over for speed...

Luis v. United States
Docket Number: 14-419
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 30, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Under 18 U.S.C. 1345(a)(2), a court may freeze, before trial, assets belonging to a defendant accused of violations of federal health care or banking laws, including: property “obtained as a result of ” the crime; proper...

Friedrichs v. California Teachers Assn.
Docket Number: 14-915
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 29, 2016
Tyson Foods, Inc. v. Bouaphakeo
Docket Number: 14-1146
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Tyson employees working in the kill, cut, and retrim departments of an Iowa pork processing plant are required them to wear protective gear. The exact composition of the gear depends on the tasks a worker performs on a g...

Sturgeon v. Frost
Docket Number: 14-1209
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) set aside 104 million acres of land in “conservation system units,” to include “any unit in Alaska of the National Park System, National Wildlife Refuge System...

Nebraska v. Parker
Docket Number: 14-1406
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1854, the Omaha Tribe entered into a treaty with the United States to establish a 300,000-acre reservation and to “cede” and “forever relinquish all right and title to” its remaining land in present-day Nebraska for a...

Hawkins v. Community Bank
Docket Number: 14-520
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2016
Caetano v. Massachusetts
Docket Number: 14-10078
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts upheld a Massachusetts law prohibiting the possession of stun guns after examining “whether a stun gun is the type of weapon contemplated by Congress in 1789 as being protected...

Wearry v. Cain
Docket Number: 14-10008
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Walber was murdered in 1998. Two years later, Scott, then incarcerated, contacted authorities and initially reported that Wearry and others had confessed to shooting and driving over Walber, leaving his body on Blahut Ro...

Americold Realty Trust v. ConAgra Foods, Inc.
Docket Number: 14-1382
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Corporate citizens of Delaware, Nebraska, and Illinois, sued Americold, a “real estate investment trust” organized under Maryland law, in a Kansas court. Americold removed the suit based on diversity jurisdiction, 28 U.S...

V.L. v. E.L.
Docket Number: 15-648
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: V. L. and E. L. were in a relationship from 1995-2011. Through assisted reproductive technology, E. L. gave birth to a child. in 2002 and to twins in 2004. The women raised the children as joint parents. V. L. rented a h...

Gobeille v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co.
Docket Number: 14-181
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Vermont law requires certain entities, including health insurers, to report payments and other information relating to health care claims and services for compilation in a state health care database. Liberty Mutual’s hea...

Lockhart v. United States
Docket Number: 14-8358
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Lockhart pleaded guilty to possessing child pornography, 18 U.S.C. 2252(a)(4). Because Lockhart had a prior state-court conviction for first-degree sexual abuse involving his adult girlfriend, his PSR concluded that he w...

Musacchio v. United States
Docket Number: 14-1095
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Musacchio resigned as president of ETS in 2004, but with help from the former head of ETS’s information-technology department, he accessed ETS’s computer system without authorization through early 2006. In 2010, Musacchi...

Montgomery v. Louisiana
Docket Number: 14-280
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Montgomery was 17 years old in 1963, when he killed a deputy in Louisiana. The jury returned a verdict of “guilty without capital punishment,” which carried an automatic sentence of life without parole. Nearly 50 years l...

Menominee Tribe of Wis. v. United States
Docket Number: 14-510
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin contracted with the Indian Health Service (IHS) to operate what would otherwise have been a federal program, pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (ISDA),...

Fed. Energy Regulatory Comm'n v. Elec. Power Supply Ass'n
Docket Number: 14-840
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Power Act authorizes the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to regulate “sale of electric energy at wholesale in interstate commerce,” including wholesale electricity rates and any rule or practice “...

Amgen Inc. v. Harris
Docket Number: 15-278
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The stockholders, former employees, who participated in employee stock option plans qualified under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1107(d)(3)(A), sued fiduciaries for breach of the duty of...

James v. Boise
Docket Number: 15-493
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 25, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Under federal law, a court has discretion to “allow the prevailing party, other than the United States, a reasonable attorney’s fee” in a civil rights lawsuit filed under 42 U.S.C. 1983 or 42 U.S.C. 1988. The Supreme Cou...

Duncan v. Owens
Docket Number: 14-1516
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 20, 2016
Kansas v. Carr
Docket Number: 14-449
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A Kansas jury sentenced Gleason to death for killings to cover up a robbery. Another Kansas jury sentenced the Carr brothers to death after they were convicted of rape, kidnapping, and five execution-style shootings. The...

Montanile v. Bd. of Trs. of Nat'l Elevator Indus. Health Benefit Plan
Docket Number: 14-723
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Employee benefits plans regulated by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) often contain subrogation clauses requiring participants to reimburse the plan for medical expenses if they later recover money fro...

Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez
Docket Number: 14-857
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Navy contracted with Campbell to develop a recruiting campaign that included text messages to young adults who had “opted in” to receipt of solicitations on topics that included Navy service. Campbell’s subcontractor...

Hurst v. Florida
Docket Number: 14-7505
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 12, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Florida law, the maximum sentence a capital felon may receive based on a conviction alone is life imprisonment. He may be sentenced to death only after an additional sentencing proceeding, Fla. Stat. 775.082(1), wi...

Bruce v. Samuels
Docket Number: 14-844
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 12, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The 1995 Prison Litigation Reform Act provides that prisoners qualified to proceed in forma pauperis must pay an initial partial filing fee of “20 percent of the greater of ” the average monthly deposits in the prisoner’...