Opinions from 2020

CITGO Asphalt Refining Co. v. Frescati Shipping Co.
Docket Number: 18-565
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 30, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: CARCO sub-chartered an oil tanker from tanker operator Star, which had chartered it from Frescati. During the tanker’s journey, an abandoned ship anchor punctured the tanker’s hull, causing 264,000 gallons of heavy crude ...

Davis v. United States
Docket Number: 19-5421
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Davis, previously convicted of two state felonies, pleaded guilty as a felon in possession of a firearm, 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(1), 924(a)(2), and to possessing drugs with the intent to distribute, 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(C). ...

Kahler v. Kansas
Docket Number: 18-6135
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Kansas adopted the “cognitive incapacity” test for the insanity defense, which examines whether a defendant was able to understand what he was doing when he committed a crime. A defendant may raise mental illness to show ...

Guerrero-Lasprilla v. Barr
Docket Number: 18-776
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Aliens who lived in the U.S. committed drug crimes and were ordered removed. Neither moved to reopen his removal proceedings within 90 days, 8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(7)(C)(i). Each later unsuccessfully asked the Board of Immigration ...

Comcast Corp. v. National Association of African-American Owned Media
Docket Number: 18-1171
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: ESN, an African-American-owned television-network operator, sought to have cable television conglomerate Comcast carry its channels. Comcast refused, citing lack of demand, bandwidth constraints, and a preference for different ...

Allen v. Cooper
Docket Number: 18-877
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1996, Intersal, a marine salvage company, discovered the shipwreck of the Queen Anne’s Revenge off the North Carolina coast. North Carolina, the shipwreck’s legal owner, contracted with Intersal to conduct recovery. ...

Kansas v. Garcia
Docket Number: 17-834
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 3, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) makes it unlawful to hire an alien knowing that he is unauthorized to work in the U.S., 8 U.S.C. 1324a(a)(1), (h)(3). Employers must use an I-9 form to “attest” that they ...

Shular v. United States
Docket Number: 18-6662
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) mandates a 15-year minimum sentence for a defendant convicted of being a felon in possession of a firearm who has at least three convictions for “serious drug offense[s],” 18 U.S.C. ...

Intel Corp. Investment Policy Committee v. Sulyma
Docket Number: 18-1116
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) requires plaintiffs with “actual knowledge” of an alleged fiduciary breach to file suit within three years of gaining that knowledge, 29 U.S.C. 1113(2), rather than ...

Holguin-Hernandez v. United States
Docket Number: 18-7739
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Holguin was convicted on drug charges and sentenced to imprisonment and supervised release while he was still serving a term of supervised release for an earlier conviction. The prosecution sought an additional consecutive ...

Rodriguez v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
Docket Number: 18-1269
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS allows affiliated corporations to file a consolidated federal return, 26 U.S.C. 1501, and issues any refund as a single payment to the group’s designated agent. If a dispute arises, federal courts normally turn ...

Hernandez v. Mesa
Docket Number: 17-1678
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: U.S. Border Patrol Agent Mesa, standing on U.S. soil shot and killed Hernández, a 15-year-old Mexican national, who was on Mexican soil, after having run back across the border after entry onto U.S. territory. Mesa contends ...

Monasky v. Taglieri
Docket Number: 18-935
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, 22 U.S.C. 9001, provides that a child wrongfully removed from her country of “habitual residence” ordinarily must be returned to that country. ...

McKinney v. Arizona
Docket Number: 18-1109
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: A jury found McKinney guilty of two counts of first-degree murder. The judge weighed the aggravating and mitigating circumstances and sentenced McKinney to death. Nearly 20 years later, the Ninth Circuit held on habeas review ...

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan v. Feliciano
Docket Number: 18-921
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 24, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1979, the Superintendent of Catholic Schools of the Archdiocese of San Juan created a trust to administer a pension plan for Catholic school employees. In 2016, active and retired school employees filed suit, alleging ...

Ritzen Group, Inc. v. Jackson Masonry, LLC
Docket Number: 18-938
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Ritzen sued Jackson in Tennessee state court for breach of contract. Jackson filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Under 11 U.S.C. 362(a), filing a bankruptcy petition automatically “operates as a stay” of creditors’ debt-collection ...

Retirement Plans Committee of IBM v. Jander
Docket Number: 18-1165
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2014, the Supreme Court held that a claim for breach of the duty of prudence imposed on plan fiduciaries by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) on the basis of inside information, must plausibly allege ...