Opinions from 2020

Opati v. Republic of Sudan
Docket Number: 17-1268
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 18, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1998, al Qaeda operatives detonated truck bombs outside the U.S. Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Victims sued the Republic of Sudan under the state-sponsored terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act ...

Lucky Brand Dungarees, Inc. v. Marcel Fashions Group, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-1086
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Lucky Brand and Marcel market clothing. Marcel registered the trademark “Get Lucky.” Lucky Brand registered the trademark “Lucky Brand” and other marks with the word “Lucky.” In a 2003 settlement agreement, Lucky ...

Kelly v. United States
Docket Number: 18-1059
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 7, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: During former New Jersey Governor Christie’s 2013 reelection campaign, Fort Lee’s mayor refused to endorse Christie. Kelly, Christie's Deputy Chief of Staff, Port Authority Deputy Executive Director, Baroni, and another ...

United States v. Sineneng-Smith
Docket Number: 19-67
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 7, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Sineneng-Smith operated a California immigration consulting firm, assisting clients to file applications for a labor certification program that once provided a path for aliens to adjust to lawful permanent resident status. ...

New York State Rifle & Pistol Association, Inc. v. City of New York
Docket Number: 18-280
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 27, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The petitioners challenged a New York City rule regarding the transport of firearms, citing the Second Amendment, and seeking declaratory relief against enforcement of the rule insofar as it prevented their transport of firearms ...

Georgia v. Public.Resource.Org, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-1150
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 27, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Official Code of Georgia Annotated (OCGA) includes the text of every Georgia statute currently in force. Non-binding annotations appear beneath each statutory provision, typically including summaries of judicial opinions ...

Maine Community Health Options v. United States
Docket Number: 18-1023
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 27, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act established online exchanges where insurers could sell their healthcare plans. The now-expired “Risk Corridors” program aimed to limit the plans’ profits and losses during ...

Romag Fasteners, Inc. v. Fossil, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-1233
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Romag and Fossil signed an agreement to use Romag’s fasteners in Fossil’s leather goods. Romag eventually discovered that factories in China making Fossil products were using counterfeit Romag fasteners. Romag sued Fossil ...

County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund
Docket Number: 18-260
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Maui’s wastewater reclamation facility collects sewage, partially treats it, and daily pumps around four million gallons of treated water into the ground through four wells. This effluent then travels about a half-mile, ...

Barton v. Barr
Docket Number: 18-725
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Over 12 years, Barton a lawful permanent resident, was convicted of state crimes, including a firearms offense, drug offenses, and aggravated assault offenses. An Immigration Judge found him removable under 8 U.S.C. 1229a, ...

Ramos v. Louisiana
Docket Number: 18-5924
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 48 states and in federal court, a single juror’s vote to acquit is enough to prevent a conviction; Louisiana and Oregon punish people based on 10-to-2 verdicts. Ramos was convicted in a Louisiana court by a 10-to-2 jury ...

Thryv, Inc. v. Click-To-Call Technologies, LP
Docket Number: 18-916
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Inter partes review (IPR) permits a patent challenger to ask the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to reconsider the validity of earlier granted patent claims. If a request comes more than a year after a patent infringement ...

Atlantic Richfield Co. v. Christian
Docket Number: 17-1498
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 20, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: For nearly a century, the Anaconda Copper Smelter contaminated 300 square miles with arsenic and lead. For 35 years, the EPA has worked with the now-closed smelter’s current owner, Atlantic Richfield, to implement a cleanup ...

Babb v. Wilkie
Docket Number: 18-882
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Babb, a VA pharmacist, filed suit under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. 633a(a). The district court granted the VA summary judgment, finding that Babb had established a prima facie case but that the VA ...

Kansas v. Glover
Docket Number: 18-556
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: A deputy ran a license plate check and discovered that the truck belonged to Glover, whose driver’s license had been revoked. The deputy stopped the truck, assuming that Glover was driving. Glover was driving and was charged ...

Republican National Committee v. Democratic National Committee
Docket Number: 19A1016
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: To slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, Wisconsin’s Governor ordered Wisconsinites to stay at home until April 24. An unprecedented number of voters requested absentee ballots for the state’s spring election, resulting ...

CITGO Asphalt Refining Co. v. Frescati Shipping Co.
Docket Number: 18-565
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 30, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: CARCO sub-chartered an oil tanker from tanker operator Star, which had chartered it from Frescati. During the tanker’s journey, an abandoned ship anchor punctured the tanker’s hull, causing 264,000 gallons of heavy crude ...

Davis v. United States
Docket Number: 19-5421
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Davis, previously convicted of two state felonies, pleaded guilty as a felon in possession of a firearm, 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(1), 924(a)(2), and to possessing drugs with the intent to distribute, 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(C). ...

Kahler v. Kansas
Docket Number: 18-6135
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Kansas adopted the “cognitive incapacity” test for the insanity defense, which examines whether a defendant was able to understand what he was doing when he committed a crime. A defendant may raise mental illness to show ...

Guerrero-Lasprilla v. Barr
Docket Number: 18-776
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Aliens who lived in the U.S. committed drug crimes and were ordered removed. Neither moved to reopen his removal proceedings within 90 days, 8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(7)(C)(i). Each later unsuccessfully asked the Board of Immigration ...

Comcast Corp. v. National Association of African-American Owned Media
Docket Number: 18-1171
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: ESN, an African-American-owned television-network operator, sought to have cable television conglomerate Comcast carry its channels. Comcast refused, citing lack of demand, bandwidth constraints, and a preference for different ...

Allen v. Cooper
Docket Number: 18-877
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 23, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1996, Intersal, a marine salvage company, discovered the shipwreck of the Queen Anne’s Revenge off the North Carolina coast. North Carolina, the shipwreck’s legal owner, contracted with Intersal to conduct recovery. ...

Kansas v. Garcia
Docket Number: 17-834
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 3, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) makes it unlawful to hire an alien knowing that he is unauthorized to work in the U.S., 8 U.S.C. 1324a(a)(1), (h)(3). Employers must use an I-9 form to “attest” that they ...

Shular v. United States
Docket Number: 18-6662
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) mandates a 15-year minimum sentence for a defendant convicted of being a felon in possession of a firearm who has at least three convictions for “serious drug offense[s],” 18 U.S.C. ...

Intel Corp. Investment Policy Committee v. Sulyma
Docket Number: 18-1116
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) requires plaintiffs with “actual knowledge” of an alleged fiduciary breach to file suit within three years of gaining that knowledge, 29 U.S.C. 1113(2), rather than ...

Holguin-Hernandez v. United States
Docket Number: 18-7739
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Holguin was convicted on drug charges and sentenced to imprisonment and supervised release while he was still serving a term of supervised release for an earlier conviction. The prosecution sought an additional consecutive ...

Rodriguez v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
Docket Number: 18-1269
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS allows affiliated corporations to file a consolidated federal return, 26 U.S.C. 1501, and issues any refund as a single payment to the group’s designated agent. If a dispute arises, federal courts normally turn ...

Hernandez v. Mesa
Docket Number: 17-1678
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: U.S. Border Patrol Agent Mesa, standing on U.S. soil shot and killed Hernández, a 15-year-old Mexican national, who was on Mexican soil, after having run back across the border after entry onto U.S. territory. Mesa contends ...

Monasky v. Taglieri
Docket Number: 18-935
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, 22 U.S.C. 9001, provides that a child wrongfully removed from her country of “habitual residence” ordinarily must be returned to that country. ...

McKinney v. Arizona
Docket Number: 18-1109
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: A jury found McKinney guilty of two counts of first-degree murder. The judge weighed the aggravating and mitigating circumstances and sentenced McKinney to death. Nearly 20 years later, the Ninth Circuit held on habeas review ...

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan v. Feliciano
Docket Number: 18-921
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 24, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1979, the Superintendent of Catholic Schools of the Archdiocese of San Juan created a trust to administer a pension plan for Catholic school employees. In 2016, active and retired school employees filed suit, alleging ...

Ritzen Group, Inc. v. Jackson Masonry, LLC
Docket Number: 18-938
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Ritzen sued Jackson in Tennessee state court for breach of contract. Jackson filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Under 11 U.S.C. 362(a), filing a bankruptcy petition automatically “operates as a stay” of creditors’ debt-collection ...

Retirement Plans Committee of IBM v. Jander
Docket Number: 18-1165
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2014, the Supreme Court held that a claim for breach of the duty of prudence imposed on plan fiduciaries by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) on the basis of inside information, must plausibly allege ...