Volume 596

Carson v. Makin
Docket Number: 20-1088
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Maine offers tuition assistance for parents who live in school districts that neither operate a secondary school nor contract with a school in another district. Parents designate the secondary school they would like their ...

United States v. Taylor
Docket Number: 20-1459
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Following an unsuccessful robbery during which his accomplice shot a man, Taylor was charged under the Hobbs Act, 18 U.S.C. 1951(a), and with committing a “crime of violence” under section 924(c). The Hobbs Act makes ...

Marietta Memorial Hospital Employee Health Benefit Plan v. DaVita Inc.
Docket Number: 20-1641
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The employer-sponsored group health plan offers all of its participants the same limited coverage for outpatient dialysis. A dialysis provider sued the plan, citing the Medicare Secondary Payer statute, which makes Medicare ...

United States v. Washington
Docket Number: 21-404
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Washington enacted a workers’ compensation law that applied only to Hanford site workers who were “engaged in the performance of work, either directly or indirectly, for the United States.” The Hanford site, once used ...

Shoop v. Twyford
Docket Number: 21-511
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Twyford was convicted of aggravated murder and was sentenced to death. Ohio courts affirmed his conviction and sentence, then denied post-conviction relief, rejecting Twyford’s claim that his trial counsel was ineffective ...

Golan v. Saada
Docket Number: 20-1034
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Golan, a U.S. citizen, married Saada, an Italian citizen, in Italy, where, in 2016, they had a son, B. In 2018, Golan flew to the United States and moved into a domestic violence shelter with B. Saada sought an order returning ...

American Hospital Association v. Becerra
Docket Number: 20-1114
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The formula that the Department of Health and Human Services must employ annually to set reimbursement rates for certain outpatient prescription drugs provided by hospitals to Medicare patients, 42 U.S.C. 1395l(t)(14)(A)(iii), ...

Viking River Cruises, Inc. v. Moriana
Docket Number: 20-1573
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: California’s Labor Code Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) authorizes any “aggrieved employee” to initiate an action against a former employer on behalf of himself and other current or former employees to obtain civil ...

Ysleta del Sur Pueblo v. Texas
Docket Number: 20-493
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1968, Congress recognized the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Indian tribe. In 1983, Texas renounced its trust responsibilities with respect to the Tribe and expressed opposition to any new federal legislation that did not permit ...

George v. McDonough
Docket Number: 21-234
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: George joined the Marine Corps in 1975 without disclosing his history of schizophrenic episodes. His medical examination noted no mental disorders. George suffered an episode during training. The Marines medically discharged ...

Johnson v. Arteaga-Martinez
Docket Number: 19-896
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Arteaga-Martinez, a citizen of Mexico, was removed and reentered the U.S. His earlier removal order was reinstated and he was detained under 8 U.S.C. 1231(a). Arteaga-Martinez applied for withholding of removal and relief ...

Garland v. Gonzalez
Docket Number: 20-322
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The named plaintiffs, aliens who were detained under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1231(a)(6) after reentering the United States illegally, filed a putative class action, alleging that aliens detained ...

Denezpi v. United States
Docket Number: 20-7622
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The Bureau of Indian Affairs filed a CFR court complaint against Denezpi, a member of the Navajo Nation, charging Denezpi with crimes alleged to have occurred within the Ute Mountain Ute Reservation: assault and battery, ...

ZF Automotive U. S., Inc. v. Luxshare, Ltd.
Docket Number: 21-401
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Parties involved in arbitration proceedings abroad sought discovery in the U.S. under 28 U.S.C. 1782(a), which authorizes a district court to order the production of evidence “for use in a proceeding in a foreign or international ...

Kemp v. United States
Docket Number: 21-5726
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Kemp and seven codefendants were convicted of drug and gun crimes. The Eleventh Circuit consolidated their appeals and, in November 2013, affirmed their convictions and sentences. In April 2015, Kemp moved to vacate his sentence, ...

Egbert v. Boule
Docket Number: 21-147
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 8, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Boule’s business, “Smuggler's Inn,” abuts the Canadian border. Boule sometimes helped federal agents identify and apprehend persons engaged in unlawful cross-border activities but also provided transportation and lodging ...

Gallardo v. Marstiller
Docket Number: 20-1263
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Gallardo suffered catastrophic injuries resulting in permanent disability when a truck struck her as she stepped off her Florida school bus. Florida’s Medicaid agency paid $862,688.77 to cover Gallardo’s initial medical ...

Southwest Airlines Co. v. Saxon
Docket Number: 21-309
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Saxon, a Southwest Airlines ramp supervisor, frequently loads and unloads cargo alongside the ramp agents. Alleging that Southwest was failing to pay proper overtime wages to ramp supervisors, Saxon brought a putative class ...

Siegel v. Fitzgerald
Docket Number: 21-441
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Trustee Program, administrative functions previously handled by bankruptcy judges are handled by U.S. Trustees, within the Department of Justice. Six judicial districts in North Carolina and Alabama opted out of ...

Shinn v. Martinez Ramirez
Docket Number: 20-1009
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The Arizona Supreme Court affirmed each prisoner's conviction and death sentence on direct review; each was denied state postconviction relief. Rejecting their petitions for federal habeas relief under 28 U.S.C. 2254, the ...

Morgan v. Sundance, Inc.
Docket Number: 21-328
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Morgan, an hourly employee at Sundance's Taco Bell franchise, had signed an agreement to arbitrate any employment dispute. Morgan later filed a nationwide collective action asserting that Sundance had violated federal law ...

Patel v. Garland
Docket Number: 20-979
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Patel, who entered the United States illegally in the 1990s, applied for adjustment of status, 8 U.S.C. 1255. Because Patel had previously checked a box on a Georgia driver’s license application falsely stating that he ...

Federal Election Commission v. Cruz
Docket Number: 21-12
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: During his 2018 Senate reelection campaign, Cruz loaned his campaign committee $260,000. Section 304 of the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act restricts the use of post-election campaign contributions, 52 U.S.C. 30116(j). ...

Shurtleff v. Boston
Docket Number: 20-1800
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Boston’s City Hall Plaza has three flagpoles; one flies the American flag and another the state flag. The city’s flag usually flies from the third pole but groups may hold ceremonies on the plaza during which participants ...

Cummings v. Premier Rehab Keller, P.L.L.C.
Docket Number: 20-219
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 28, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Cummings, who is deaf and blind, sought physical therapy services from Premier, requesting an American Sign Language interpreter at her sessions. Premier declined. Cummings sought damages, alleging discrimination on the basis ...

LeDure v. Union Pacific Railroad Co.
Docket Number: 20-807
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 28, 2022
City of Austin v. Reagan National Advertising of Austin, LLC
Docket Number: 20-1029
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Austin Texas specially regulates signs that advertise things that are not located on the same premises as the sign and signs that direct people to offsite locations (off-premises signs). Its sign code prohibited the construction ...

Boechler v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
Docket Number: 20-1472
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS notified Boechler, a North Dakota law firm, of a discrepancy in its tax filings. When Boechler did not respond, the IRS assessed an “intentional disregard” penalty and notified Boechler of its intent to levy Boechler’s ...

Cassirer v. Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation
Docket Number: 20-1566
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Cassirer inherited a Pissaro Impressionist painting. After the Nazis came to power in Germany, she surrendered the painting to obtain an exit visa. She and her grandson, Claude, eventually settled in the United States. The ...

United States v. Vaello Madero
Docket Number: 20-303
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: The U.S. Constitution’s Territory Clause states that Congress may “make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory . . . belonging to the United States.” In exercising its broad authority, Congress ...

Brown v. Davenport
Docket Number: 20-826
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 21, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Davenport, convicted of first-degree murder following a jury trial where he sat shackled at a table with a “privacy screen,” argued that his conviction should be set aside because the Due Process Clause generally forbids ...

Thompson v. Clark
Docket Number: 20-659
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Thompson was living with his fiancée and their newborn baby in a Brooklyn apartment. Thompson’s sister-in-law, apparently suffering from mental illness, called 911 to report that Thompson was sexually abusing the baby. ...

Badgerow v. Walters
Docket Number: 20-1143
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 31, 2022

Justia Opinion Summary: Badgerow initiated an arbitration proceeding, alleging that her employment was unlawfully terminated. After arbitrators dismissed Badgerow’s claims, she filed suit in Louisiana state court to vacate the arbitral award. ...