Volume 571

Lawson v. FMR LLC
Docket Number: 12-3
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: To safeguard investors and restore trust in financial markets after the Enron collapse, Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which provides that no public company nor any contractor or subcontractor of such a...

Law v. Siegel
Docket Number: 12-5196
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Law filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. He valued his home at $363,348, claiming that $75,000 of the value was covered by California’s homestead exemption and exempt from the bankruptcy estate under 11 U.S.C. 522(b)(3)(A). H...

United States v. Apel
Docket Number: 12-1038
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Vandenberg Air Force Base is a designated a “closed base.” Civilians may not enter without express permission. The Air Force has granted an easement over areas of the Base, so that two public highways traverse the Base....

Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice
Docket Number: 12-79
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: The Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1998, 15 U.S.C. 78bb(f)(1), forbids large securities class actions “based upon the statutory or common law of any State” in which plaintiffs allege “a misrepresentation...

Kaley v. United States
Docket Number: 12-464
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: After a grand jury indicted the Kaleys for reselling stolen medical devices and laundering the proceeds, the government obtained a restraining order against their assets under 21 U.S.C. 853(e)(1), to “preserve the availa...

Walden v. Fiore
Docket Number: 12-574
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Walden, a Georgia police officer working as a DEA agent at a Georgia airport, searched plaintiffs and seized a large amount of cash. Plaintiffs claim that after they returned to their Nevada residence, Walden helped draf...

Fernandez v. California
Docket Number: 12-7822
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: After a bystander stated that Fernandez had committed a violent robbery minutes before police responded, the police saw Fernandez run into an apartment building. They heard screams coming from an apartment and knocked on...

Hinton v. Alabama
Docket Number: 13-6440
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: February 24, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1985, a manager was shot to death during a robbery of his restaurant. In the following months, a second manager was murdered and another survived similar robberies. In each restaurant, the robber fired two .38 calibe...

Air Wisconsin Airlines Corp. v. Hoeper
Docket Number: 12-315
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 27, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: After Air Wisconsin stopped flying aircraft that Hoeper was certified to fly, Hoeper failed three attempts to gain new certification. Air Wisconsin gave him one final chance. He performed poorly during required training...

Sandifer v. United States Steel Corp.
Docket Number: 12-417
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 27, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs filed a putative collective action under the Fair Labor Standards Act, seeking backpay for time spent donning and doffing pieces of protective gear required by the employer because of hazards at its steel plan...

Burrage v. United States
Docket Number: 12-7515
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 27, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Long-time drug user Banka died after a binge that included use of heroin purchased from Burrage. Burrage pleaded not guilty to charges that he had unlawfully distributed heroin and that “death ... resulted from the use o...

Medtronic, Inc. v. Mirowski Family Ventures, LLC
Docket Number: 12-1128
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Medtronic designs, makes, and sells medical devices. Mirowski owns patents relating to implantable heart stimulators. Under a licensing agreement, Medtronic practices certain Mirowski patents in exchange for royalty paym...

Ray Haluch Gravel Co. v. Cent. Pension Fund of Operating Eng'rs & Participating Emp'rs
Docket Number: 12-992
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 15, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Union-affiliated benefit funds sued Haluch to collect benefits contributions required to be paid under federal law, plus attorney’s fees and costs, which were obligations under a federal statute and the parties’ collecti...

Daimler AG v. Bauman
Docket Number: 11-965
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: Residents of Argentina sued Daimler, a German company, in a California federal district court, alleging that Mercedes-Benz Argentina, a Daimler subsidiary, collaborated with state security forces during Argentina’s 1976–...

Mississippi ex rel. Hood v. AU Optronics Corp.
Docket Number: 12-1036
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2014

Justia Opinion Summary: The Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA) lowers diversity jurisdiction requirements in class actions and in mass actions, i.e., civil actions “in which monetary relief claims of 100 or more persons are proposed to be...

Heimeshoff v. Hartford Life & Accident Ins. Co.
Docket Number: 12-729
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 16, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Hartford is the administrator of Wal-Mart’s Group Disability Plan, which is covered by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. The policy requires any suit to recover benefits pursuant to ERISA, 29 U. S. C. 1132(a)(...

Kansas v. Cheever
Docket Number: 12-609
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 11, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: After Cheever was charged with capital murder, the Kansas Supreme Court found the state death penalty scheme unconstitutional. State prosecutors dismissed their charges to allow federal authorities to prosecute Cheever,...

Sprint Commc'ns, Inc. v. Jacobs
Docket Number: 12-815
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Sprint, a national telecommunications company, declined to pay intercarrier access fees imposed by Windstream, an Iowa telecommunications carrier, for long distance Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) calls, concluding t...

Unite Here Local 355 v. Mulhall
Docket Number: 12-99
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2013

United States v. Woods
Docket Number: 12-562
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 3, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Woods and McCombs participated in a tax shelter to generate paper losses to reduce their taxable income. They purchased currency-option spread packages consisting of a long option, for which they paid a premium, and a sh...

Atlantic Marine Constr. Co. v. U.S. Dist. Court for Western Dist. of Tex.
Docket Number: 12-929
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 3, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Atlantic, a Virginia corporation, entered into a construction subcontract with J-Crew, a Texas corporation, including a provision that all disputes between the parties would be litigated in Virginia. When a dispute arose...

Ford Motor Co. v. United States
Docket Number: 13-113
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: December 2, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS advised Ford Motor that it had underpaid its taxes from 1983 until 1989. Ford remitted $875 million to stop the accrual of interest that Ford would otherwise owe once audits were completed and the amount of its u...

Burt v. Titlow
Docket Number: 12-414
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: November 5, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Titlow and Rogers were charged with the murder of Rogers’s husband. After explaining to Titlow that the evidence could support a first-degree murder conviction, Titlow’s attorney negotiated a manslaughter plea in exchang...

Stanton v. Sims
Docket Number: 12-1217
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: November 4, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Officer Stanton and his partner responded to a call about a disturbance involving a person with a baseball bat. Stanton was familiar with the LaMesa neighborhood, known for gang violence. The officers, wearing uniforms a...

Madigan v. Levin
Docket Number: 12-872
Court: U.S. Supreme Court
Date: October 15, 2013