485 U.S. 922 (1988)

Annotate this Case
  • Syllabus  | 
  • Case

U.S. Supreme Court

PATTERSON v. U.S , 485 U.S. 922 (1988)

485 U.S. 922

No. 87-5722

Supreme Court of the United States

February 29, 1988

On petition for writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

The petition for a writ of certiorari is denied.

Justice WHITE, with whom Justice BRENNAN joins, dissenting.

In Michigan v. Tucker, 417 U.S. 433, 447, 2365, 41 L. Ed.2d 182 (1974), this Court expressly left open the question of the admissibility of physical evidence obtained as a result of an interrogation conducted contrary to the rules set forth in Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966). Since that time, the state and federal courts have been divided on this question. [Footnote 1] Indeed, in Massachusetts v. White, 439 U.S. 280

Page 485 U.S. 922 , 923

(1978), this Court was evenly divided on the issue of the admissibility of physical evidence obtained from an interrogation that violated Miranda.

Here, petitioner was arrested in Mexico by local officials when he attempted to pass a counterfeit $20 bill at a store in Tijuana. While still in the custody of Mexican police, petitioner was questioned by United States Secret Service agents who failed to inform him of his rights under Miranda. During the questioning, petitioner provided agents with a detailed description of a counterfeiting operation based in San Diego, California. Agents used petitioner's confession to obtain a warrant to search the facility petitioner described; there, a variety of items relating to the counterfeiting enterprise were discovered.

Petitioner argued that the physical evidence obtained in the search of the counterfeiting operation should be suppressed, claiming that this evidence was inadmissible as "fruits" of the interrogation which violated Miranda. But the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the District Court's rejection of this contention. 812 F.2d 1188 (1987). The Court of Appeals rested its conclusion in part on prior Ninth Circuit decisions, e.g., United States v. Lemon, 550 F.2d 467, 473 (1977), and in part on our decision in Oregon v. Elstad, 470 U.S. 298, 304-309, 1290-1293 (1985), which held that a confession that was the "fruit" of an earlier violation of Miranda (but not the Fifth Amendment) was admissible.

While Elstad has been considered illuminating by some Courts of Appeals on the question of admissibility of physical evidence yielded from a Miranda violation,2 that decision did not squarely address the question presented here, and in fact, left the matter open. Elstad, supra, 470 U.S ., at 308, 105 S.Ct. at 1292; Id., at 347, n. 29, n. 29 (BRENNAN, J., dissenting). Consequently, I would grant certiorari in this case [485 U.S. 922 , 924]

Disclaimer: Official Supreme Court case law is only found in the print version of the United States Reports. Justia case law is provided for general informational purposes only, and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or information linked to from this site. Please check official sources.