Opinions from 2024

Texas v. New Mexico
Docket Number: 22O141
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves a dispute over the allocation of water from the Rio Grande River among the states of Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. The Rio Grande Compact, an interstate agreement, governs the equitable distribution of ...

Smith v. Arizona
Docket Number: 22-899
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Sixth Amendment's Confrontation Clause, which guarantees a criminal defendant the right to confront the witnesses against him. The defendant, Jason Smith, was charged with various drug offenses after ...

Erlinger v. United States
Docket Number: 23-370
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Paul Erlinger pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm, a violation of 18 U.S.C. §922(g). At sentencing, the judge found Erlinger eligible for an enhanced sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA), ...

United States v. Rahimi
Docket Number: 22-915
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In December 2019, Zackey Rahimi, the respondent, had a violent altercation with his girlfriend, C. M., who is also the mother of his child. Rahimi grabbed C. M., dragged her back to his car, and shoved her in, causing her ...

Department of State v. Munoz
Docket Number: 23-334
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves Sandra Muñoz, an American citizen, and her husband Luis Asencio-Cordero, a citizen of El Salvador. The couple sought to obtain an immigrant visa for Asencio-Cordero to live in the United States. After several ...

Gonzalez v. Trevino
Docket Number: 22-1025
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Sylvia Gonzalez, a city council member in Castle Hills, Texas, was involved in a campaign to remove the city manager, Ryan Rapelye. She gathered signatures for a petition, which was introduced at a city council meeting. After ...

Diaz v. United States
Docket Number: 23-14
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Delilah Diaz was stopped at a U.S.-Mexico border port of entry, where border patrol officers discovered over 54 pounds of methamphetamine hidden in the car she was driving. Diaz was charged with importing methamphetamine, ...

Moore v. United States
Docket Number: 22-800
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves Charles and Kathleen Moore, who invested in an American-controlled foreign corporation, KisanKraft. From 2006 to 2017, KisanKraft generated substantial income but did not distribute it to its American shareholders. ...

Chiaverini v. City of Napoleon
Docket Number: 23-50
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: This case involves a dispute between Jascha Chiaverini, a jewelry store owner, and police officers from Napoleon, Ohio. The officers charged Chiaverini with three crimes: receiving stolen property, dealing in precious metals ...

Campos-Chaves v. Garland
Docket Number: 22-674
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves three aliens, Moris Esmelis Campos-Chaves, Varinder Singh, and Raul Daniel Mendez-Colín, who were ordered removed in absentia after failing to appear at their respective removal hearings. The Government ...

Garland v. Cargill
Docket Number: 22-976
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around the legality of bump stocks, accessories that allow semi-automatic rifles to fire at a rate similar to machine guns. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) had long held that ...

United States Trustee v. John Q. Hammons Fall 2006, LLC
Docket Number: 22-1238
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Office of the United States Trustee and a group of Chapter 11 debtors, John Q. Hammons Fall 2006, LLC, et al. The issue at hand is the remedy for a constitutional violation identified in a previous case, ...

FDA v. Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine
Docket Number: 23-235
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of mifepristone tablets, marketed under the brand name Mifeprex, for terminating pregnancies up to seven weeks. The FDA imposed additional restrictions on the ...

Starbucks Corp. v. McKinney
Docket Number: 23-367
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Several Starbucks employees in Memphis, Tennessee, announced plans to unionize and invited a local news crew to their store after hours to promote their efforts. Starbucks fired multiple employees involved in the media event ...

Vidal v. Elster
Docket Number: 22-704
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Steve Elster sought to register the trademark "Trump too small" for use on shirts and hats, drawing from a 2016 Presidential primary debate exchange. The Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) refused registration based on the ...

Connelly v. United States
Docket Number: 23-146
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around the valuation of shares for estate tax purposes following the death of a shareholder. Michael and Thomas Connelly were the sole shareholders of Crown C Supply, a building supply corporation. They ...

Becerra v. San Carlos Apache Tribe
Docket Number: 23-250
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (ISDA), which allows an Indian tribe to enter into a "self-determination contract" with the Indian Health Service (IHS) to administer healthcare ...

Truck Insurance Exchange v. Kaiser Gypsum Co.
Docket Number: 22-1079
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves Truck Insurance Exchange (Truck), the primary insurer for companies that manufactured and sold products containing asbestos. Two of these companies, Kaiser Gypsum Co. and Hanson Permanente Cement (Debtors), ...

Thornell v. Jones
Docket Number: 22-982
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves Danny Lee Jones, who was convicted of three murders committed with the intent to steal a gun collection. Jones brutally killed a man, his 7-year-old daughter, and his grandmother. After being found guilty, ...

National Rifle Association of America v. Vullo
Docket Number: 22-842
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the National Rifle Association (NRA) and Maria Vullo, the former superintendent of the New York Department of Financial Services (DFS). The NRA alleged that Vullo violated their First Amendment rights by ...

Cantero v. Bank of America, N. A.
Docket Number: 22-529
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around a dispute between Alex Cantero, Saul Hymes, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, and others (the plaintiffs) and Bank of America. The plaintiffs had obtained home mortgage loans from Bank of America, which required ...

Alexander v. South Carolina State Conference of the NAACP
Docket Number: 22-807
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the United States reviewed a case involving the redrawing of congressional districts in South Carolina following the 2020 Census. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and a voter ...

Brown v. United States
Docket Number: 22-6389
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the United States was tasked with interpreting the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) in relation to state drug convictions that occurred before recent amendments to the federal drug schedules. The ACCA ...

Coinbase v. Suski
Docket Number: 23-3
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves a dispute between Coinbase, Inc., a cryptocurrency exchange platform, and its users. The users had agreed to two contracts with Coinbase. The first contract, the User Agreement, contained an arbitration ...

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. Community Financial Services Assn. of America, Ltd.
Docket Number: 22-448
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and its funding mechanism. The CFPB, unlike most federal agencies, has a standing source of funding outside the ordinary annual appropriations process. Congress ...

Smith v. Spizzirri
Docket Number: 22-1218
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the interpretation of Section 3 of the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), which outlines procedures for enforcing arbitration agreements in federal court. The petitioners, current and former delivery drivers ...

Harrow v. Department of Defense
Docket Number: 23-21
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around Stuart Harrow, a Department of Defense employee who was furloughed for six days. Harrow challenged this decision before the Merit Systems Protection Board. After a five-year delay, the Board ruled ...

Warner Chappell Music, Inc. v. Nealy
Docket Number: 22-1078
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 9, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around a dispute between Sherman Nealy and Warner Chappell Music, Inc. Nealy, who co-founded Music Specialist, Inc. in 1983, alleged that he held the copyrights to the company's songs and that Warner Chappell's ...

Culley v. Marshall
Docket Number: 22-585
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 9, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves two petitioners, Halima Culley and Lena Sutton, who loaned their cars to others who were subsequently arrested for drug-related offenses. The cars were seized under Alabama's civil forfeiture law, which ...

McIntosh v. United States
Docket Number: 22-7386
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around Louis McIntosh, who was indicted on multiple counts of Hobbs Act robbery and firearm offenses. The indictment demanded that McIntosh forfeit all property derived from proceeds traceable to the commission ...

Muldrow v. City of St. Louis
Docket Number: 22-193
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Sergeant Jatonya Clayborn Muldrow, a police officer in the St. Louis Police Department, alleged that she was transferred from her position in the Intelligence Division to a uniformed job in another department because of her ...

DeVillier v. Texas
Docket Number: 22-913
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 16, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Richard DeVillier and over 120 other property owners in Texas alleged that the State of Texas had taken their property for stormwater storage without just compensation, in violation of the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment. ...

Rudisill v. McDonough
Docket Number: 22-888
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 16, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves a dispute over the interpretation of the Montgomery GI Bill and the Post-9/11 GI Bill, both of which provide educational benefits to veterans. The petitioner, James Rudisill, served in the U.S. Army for ...

Sheetz v. El Dorado County
Docket Number: 22-1074
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 12, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: George Sheetz sought to build a small, prefabricated home on his residential parcel of land in El Dorado County, California. However, to obtain a permit, he was required to pay a substantial fee to mitigate local traffic ...

Macquarie Infrastructure Corp. v. Moab Partners, L. P.
Docket Number: 22-1165
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 12, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation and its subsidiary's business of storing liquid commodities, including No. 6 fuel oil. In 2016, the United Nations' International Maritime Organization adopted ...

Bissonnette v. LePage Bakeries Park St., LLC
Docket Number: 23-51
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 12, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Neal Bissonnette and Tyler Wojnarowski, distributors for Flowers Foods, Inc., a major producer and marketer of baked goods, sued the company for alleged violations of state and federal wage laws. Flowers Foods moved to compel ...

FBI v. Fikre
Docket Number: 22-1178
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves Yonas Fikre, a U.S. citizen and Sudanese emigree, who brought a lawsuit alleging that the government unlawfully placed him on the No Fly List. Fikre claimed that the government violated his rights to procedural ...

Wilkinson v. Garland
Docket Number: 22-666
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the United States considered whether an Immigration Judge's (IJ) determination of "exceptional and extremely unusual hardship" for the cancellation of removal of a noncitizen was reviewable by an appellate ...

Pulsifer v. United States
Docket Number: 22-340
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 15, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the United States decided in the case of Mark Pulsifer, who was convicted for distributing methamphetamine and sought to minimize his sentence using the "safety valve" provision of federal sentencing ...

O'Connor-Ratcliff v. Garnier
Docket Number: 22-324
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 15, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Two members of the Poway Unified School District Board of Trustees used their public Facebook pages to post content related to their positions, while also communicating with their constituents there. The Facebook pages indicated ...

Lindke v. Freed
Docket Number: 22-611
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 15, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In a case involving a city manager's personal social media account, a citizen sued the city manager under 42 U.S.C. §1983, alleging that his First Amendment rights were violated when the manager deleted his comments and ...

Trump v. Anderson
Docket Number: 23-719
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, a group of Colorado voters contended that Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits former President Donald J. Trump from holding the Presidential office again. The Colorado Supreme Court agreed, ordering ...

Great Lakes Insurance SE v. Raiders Retreat Realty Co.
Docket Number: 22-500
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In a maritime insurance dispute between Great Lakes Insurance, a German company, and Raiders Retreat Realty, a Pennsylvania company, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that choice-of-law provisions in maritime contracts ...

McElrath v. Georgia
Docket Number: 22-721
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2012, Damian McElrath, a young man diagnosed with multiple serious mental health disorders, killed his mother. Georgia charged McElrath with three crimes: malice murder, felony murder, and aggravated assault. At trial, ...

Murray v. UBS Securities, LLC
Docket Number: 22-660
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 8, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: Trevor Murray worked as a research strategist at UBS, a securities firm. His job involved reporting on commercial mortgage-backed securities markets to current and future customers. Under SEC regulations, Murray was required ...

Department of Agriculture Rural Development Rural Housing Service v. Kirtz
Docket Number: 22-846
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 8, 2024

Justia Opinion Summary: A consumer, Reginald Kirtz, secured a loan from the Rural Housing Service, part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Although Kirtz repaid his loan by mid-2018, the USDA continued to tell credit report company TransUnion ...

Some case metadata and case summaries were written with the help of AI, which can produce inaccuracies. You should read the full case before relying on it for legal research purposes.

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