Opinions from 2021

Caniglia v. Strom
Docket Number: 20-157
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: During an argument with his wife, Caniglia placed a handgun on a table and asked his wife to “shoot [him] and get it over with.” His wife left and spent the night at a hotel. The next morning, unable to reach her husband ...

BP p.l.c. v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore
Docket Number: 19-1189
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Baltimore sued energy companies in Maryland state court, alleging that they concealed the environmental impacts of the fossil fuels they promoted. The companies removed the case to federal court invoking, among other grounds, ...

CIC Services., LLC v. Internal Revenue Service
Docket Number: 19-930
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: IRS Notice 2016–66 requires taxpayers and “material advisors” to report information about "micro-captive" insurance agreements. The consequences for non-compliance include civil tax penalties and criminal prosecution. ...

Edwards v. Vannoy
Docket Number: 19-5807
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2007, a Louisiana jury found Edwards guilty of armed robbery, rape, and kidnapping. Louisiana law then permitted non-unanimous jury verdicts if at least 10 of the 12 jurors found the defendant guilty; 11 of 12 Edwards ...

Niz-Chavez v. Garland
Docket Number: 19-863
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 29, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Nonpermanent resident aliens ordered removed from the U.S. may obtain discretionary relief if, among other things, they can establish their continuous presence in the country for at least 10 years, 8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(1). The ...

Alaska v. Wright
Docket Number: 20-940
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 26, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: An Alaska jury convicted Wright of 13 counts of sexual abuse of a minor. Wright finished serving his sentence and moved to Tennessee. Once there, he failed to register as a sex offender as required by the Sex Offender Registration ...

Jones v. Mississippi
Docket Number: 18-1259
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: A Mississippi jury convicted Jones of murder for killing his grandfather when Jones was 15 years old. Under Mississippi law, murder carried a mandatory sentence of life without parole. That sentence was affirmed on appeal. ...

Carr v. Saul
Docket Number: 19-1442
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners, whose applications for disability benefits were denied by the Social Security Administration (SSA) unsuccessfully challenged their adverse determinations before an SSA administrative law judge (ALJ). The SSA ...

AMG Capital Management, LLC v. Federal Trade Commission
Docket Number: 19-508
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The FTC filed a complaint against Tucker alleging deceptive payday lending practices in violation of the Federal Trade Commission Act Section 5(a). The district court entered a permanent injunction to prevent Tucker from ...

Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-956
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 5, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Oracle owns a copyright in Java SE, a computer platform. Google acquired Android and sought to build a new software platform for mobile devices. To allow millions of programmers familiar with Java to work with its new platform, ...

Facebook, Inc. v. Duguid
Docket Number: 19-511
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA) restricts communications made with an “automatic telephone dialing system,” defined as equipment with the capacity both “to store or produce telephone numbers to ...

Federal Communications Commission v. Prometheus Radio Project
Docket Number: 19-1231
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ownership rules limit the number of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that a single entity may own in a given market. Section 202(h) of the Telecommunications Act ...

Mays v. Hines
Docket Number: 20-507
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 29, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In March 1985, Hines, carrying a concealed hunting knife, checked into a motel. The manager had put Jenkins in charge of the motel, providing her with a bag of money. Another visitor, Jones, later found Jenkins’ body in ...

Ford Motor Co. v. Montana Eighth Judicial District Court
Docket Number: 19-368
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Ford, incorporated in Delaware and headquartered in Michigan, markets, sells, and services its products across the U.S. and overseas and encourages a resale market for its vehicles. Montana and Minnesota courts exercised ...

Torres v. Madrid
Docket Number: 19-292
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: New Mexico State Police officers arrived at an apartment complex to execute an arrest warrant and approached Torres, then standing near a car, and attempted to speak with her as she got into the driver’s seat. Believing ...

Uzuegbunam v. Preczewski
Docket Number: 19-968
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 8, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Uzuegbunam, a Georgia Gwinnett College student, talked with interested students and handed out religious literature on campus until a campus police officer informed him that campus policy prohibited distributing religious ...

Pereida v. Wilkinson
Docket Number: 19-438
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In removal proceedings for entering and remaining in the country unlawfully, Pereida sought to establish his eligibility for cancellation of removal under 8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(4), 1229b(b)(1). Eligibility requires certain nonpermanent ...

United States Fish and Wildlife Service v. Sierra Club, Inc.
Docket Number: 19-547
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a rule in 2011 regarding cooling water intake structures. Because aquatic wildlife can become trapped in intake structures, the Endangered Species Act required the EPA to ...

Brownback v. King
Docket Number: 19-546
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) allows a plaintiff to bring certain state-law tort claims against the United States for torts committed by federal employees acting within the scope of their employment if the plaintiff ...

Salinas v. Railroad Retirement Board
Docket Number: 19-199
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1992, Salinas began seeking disability benefits under the Railroad Retirement Act (RRA) based on serious injuries he suffered during his 15-year railroad career. He was granted benefits after his fourth application in ...

Republic of Hungary v. Simon
Docket Number: 18-1447
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021
Federal Republic of Germany v. Philipp
Docket Number: 19-351
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: German Jewish art dealers owned a collection of medieval relics. Their heirs allege that the Nazi government unlawfully coerced the consortium into selling the collection to Prussia for a third of its value. The relics are ...

Chicago v. Fulton
Docket Number: 19-357
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The debtors each filed a bankruptcy petition and requested that the city return his vehicle, which had been impounded for failure to pay fines. The filing of a bankruptcy petition automatically “creates an estate,” 11 ...