Opinions from 2018

Jesner v. Arab Bank, PLC
Docket Number: 16-499
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners sought compensation under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), part of the Judiciary Act of 1789, 28 U.S.C. 1350, based on terrorist acts committed abroad. They alleged that those acts were in part facilitated by Ar...

Oil States Energy Services, LLC v. Greene's Energy Group, LLC
Docket Number: 16-712
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Oil States sued Greene's Energy for infringement of a patent relating to technology for protecting wellhead equipment used in hydraulic fracturing. Greene’s challenged the patent’s validity in court and petitioned the Pa...

SAS Institute Inc. v. Iancu
Docket Number: 16-969
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: SAS sought inter partes review (35 U.S.C. 311(a)) of ComplementSoft’s software patent, alleging that all 16 of the patent’s claims were unpatentable. The Patent Office instituted review on some of the claims and denied r...

Sessions v. Dimaya
Docket Number: 15-1498
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Dimaya, a lawful U.S. permanent resident has two convictions for first-degree burglary under California law. An Immigration Judge and the Board of Immigration Appeals held that California first-degree burglary is a “crim...

Wilson v. Sellers
Docket Number: 16-6855
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Wilson was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. He unsuccessfully sought habeas relief in Georgia courts, claiming ineffectiveness of counsel during sentencing. The Georgia Supreme Court summarily denied relief....

United States v. Microsoft Corp.
Docket Number: 17-2
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2013, federal agents obtained an 18 U.S.C. 2703 warrant requiring Microsoft to disclose all e-mails and other information associated with a customer's account that was believed to be involved in illegal drug trafficki...

Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro
Docket Number: 16-1362
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Encino Motorcars' current and former service advisors sought backpay under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) overtime-pay requirement, 29 U.S.C. 213(b)(10)(A). The requirement exempts “any salesman, partsman, or mechan...

Kisela v. Hughes
Docket Number: 17-467
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Kisela, a Tucson police officer, shot Hughes less than a minute after arriving, with other officers, at the scene where a woman had been reported to 911 as hacking a tree with a knife and acting erratically. When Kisela...

Hall v. Hall
Docket Number: 16-1150
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Samuel served as legal advisor to his mother Ethlyn. After falling out with Samuel, Ethlyn transferred her property into a trust and designated her daughter, Elsa, as her successor trustee. Ethlyn sued Samuel and his law...

Marinello v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1144
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2004-2009, the IRS investigated Marinello’s tax activities. In 2012, Marinello was indicted for violating 26 U.S.C. 7212(a) (the Omnibus Clause), which forbids “corruptly or by force or threats of force . . . obstruct...

Ayestas v. Davis
Docket Number: 16-6795
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Ayestas was convicted of murder and sentenced to death in a Texas state court. He secured new counsel; his conviction and sentence were affirmed on appeal. A third legal team sought, unsuccessfully, state habeas relief,...

Cyan, Inc. v. Beaver County Employees Retirement Fund
Docket Number: 15-1439
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Securities Act of 1933 creates private rights of action pertaining to securities offerings, grants both federal and state courts jurisdiction over those suits, and bars their removal from state to federal court. The...

U. S. Bank N. A. v. Village at Lakeridge, LLC
Docket Number: 15-1509
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 5, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Lakeridge. a corporation with a single owner (MBP), filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, owing U.S. Bank $10 million and MBP $2.76 million. Lakeridge submitted a reorganization plan, proposing to impair the interests of both...

Jennings v. Rodriguez
Docket Number: 15-1204
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: After a 2004 conviction, Rodriguez, a Mexican citizen and a lawful U.S. permanent resident, was detained under 8 U.S.C. 1226 while the government sought his removal. In 2007, Rodriguez sought habeas relief, claiming that...

Patchak v Zinke
Docket Number: 16-498
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Patchak filed suit challenging the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to invoke the Indian Reorganization Act, 25 U.S.C. 5108, and take into trust the Bradley Property, on which the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band...

Merit Management Group, LP v. FTI Consulting, Inc.
Docket Number: 16-784
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Valley agreed to purchase Bedford Downs’ stock for $55 million if it got the last harness-racing license in Pennsylvania, Valley got the license and arranged for Credit Suisse to wire $55 million to third-party escrow ag...

Murphy v. Smith
Docket Number: 16-1067
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Murphy was awarded a judgment in his federal civil rights suit against two prison guards, including an award of attorney’s fees; 42 U.S.C. 1997e(d)(2) provides that in such cases “a portion of the [prisoner’s] judgment (...

Digital Realty Trust, Inc. v. Somers
Docket Number: 16-1276
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Somers alleged that Digital terminated his employment after he reported suspected securities-law violations to senior management. Somers sued, alleging whistleblower retaliation under the Dodd-Frank Act. The Ninth Circui...

Class v. United States
Docket Number: 16-424
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: A federal grand jury indicted Class for possessing firearms in his locked jeep, which was parked on the grounds of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D. C.; 40 U.S.C. 5104(e)(1) provides that “An individual . . . may not ca...

Rubin v. Islamic Republic of Iran
Docket Number: 16-534
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act grants foreign states and their agencies and instrumentalities immunity from suit in the U.S. and grants their property immunity from attachment and execution in satisfaction of judgm...

CNH Industrial N. V. v. Reese
Docket Number: 17-515
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1998, CNH agreed to a collective-bargaining agreement (CBA), providing health care benefits under a group benefit plan to “[e]mployees who retire under the . . . Pension Plan.” “All other coverages,” such as life insu...

District of Columbia v. Wesby
Docket Number: 15-1485
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: District of Columbia police officers responded to a complaint about loud music and illegal activities in a vacant house and found the house in disarray. They smelled marijuana and saw liquor. They found a makeshift strip...

National Association of Manufacturers. v. Department of Defense
Docket Number: 16-299
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. 1362, prohibits “any addition of any pollutant to navigable waters,” defined as “the waters of the United States.” Section 1311(a) contains exceptions, including permitting schemes under th...

Artis v. District of Columbia
Docket Number: 16-460
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Artis filed a federal-court suit against the District of Columbia, alleging a federal employment discrimination claim and three allied claims under D.C. law; nearly two years remained on the statute of limitations for th...

Tharpe v. Sellers
Docket Number: 17-6075
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Tharpe moved to reopen his federal habeas corpus proceedings regarding his claim that the Georgia jury that convicted him of murder included a white juror, Gattie, who was biased against Tharpe because he is black. The d...