Volume 591

Sharp v. Murphy
Docket Number: 17-1107
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 9, 2020
McGirt v. Oklahoma
Docket Number: 18-9526
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 9, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Major Crimes Act (MCA) provides that, within “the Indian country,” “[a]ny Indian who commits” certain enumerated offenses “shall be subject to the same law and penalties as all other persons committing any of ...

Trump v. Vance
Docket Number: 19-635
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 9, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The New York County District Attorney’s Office served a subpoena duces tecum on the personal accounting firm of President Trump, seeking financial records relating to the President and his businesses. The President, acting ...

Trump v. Mazars USA, LLP
Docket Number: 19-715
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 9, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Committees of the U. S. House of Representatives issued subpoenas seeking information about the finances of President Trump, his children, and affiliated businesses. The subpoenas were issued to financial institutions and ...

Our Lady of Guadalupe School v. Morrissey-Berru
Docket Number: 19-267
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 8, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Two teachers at Roman Catholic elementary schools were employed under agreements that set out the schools’ mission to develop and promote a Catholic School faith community; imposed commitments regarding religious instruction, ...

Little Sisters of the Poor Saints Peter and Paul Home v. Pennsylvania
Docket Number: 19-431
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 8, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) requires covered employers to provide women with “preventive care and screenings” without cost-sharing requirements and relies on Preventive Care Guidelines ...

Chiafalo v. Washington
Docket Number: 19-465
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: When Americans cast ballots for presidential candidates, their votes actually go toward selecting members of the Electoral College, whom each state appoints based on the popular returns. With limited exceptions, states appoint ...

Colorado Dept. of State v. Baca
Docket Number: 19-518
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Reversing the Tenth Circuit, the Court held that states may impose a sanction on "faithless electors" who pledge to vote for the nominee of their political party in the presidential election and fail to do so. The Court ...

Barr v. American Association of Political Consultants, Inc.
Docket Number: 19-631
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: July 6, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 prohibits almost all robocalls to cell phones, 47 U.S.C. 227(b)(1)(A)(iii). A 2015 amendment created an exception that allows robocalls made solely to collect a debt owed to or ...

Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue
Docket Number: 18-1195
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 30, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Montana grants tax credits to those who donate to organizations that award scholarships for private school tuition. To reconcile the program with the Montana Constitution, which bars government aid to any school “controlled ...

Patent and Trademark Office v. Booking.com B.V.
Docket Number: 19-46
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 30, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: A generic name—the name of a class of products or services—is ineligible for federal trademark registration. Booking.com, a travel-reservation website, sought federal registration of marks including the term “Booking.com.” ...

June Medical Services L.L.C. v. Russo
Docket Number: 18-1323
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Louisiana’s Act 620 required any doctor who performs abortions to hold “active admitting privileges at a hospital . . . located not further than thirty miles from the location at which the abortion is performed or induced.” ...

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.
Docket Number: 19-177
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 limited the funding of American and foreign nongovernmental organizations to those with “a policy explicitly opposing prostitution and ...

Seila Law LLC v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Docket Number: 19-7
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Following the 2008 financial crisis, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), was established by the Dodd-Frank Act as an independent regulatory agency tasked with ensuring that consumer debt products are safe and ...

Department of Homeland Security v. Thuraissigiam
Docket Number: 19-161
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) provides for the expedited removal of certain “applicants” seeking admission into the U.S., 8 U.S.C. 1225(a)(1). An applicant may avoid expedited ...

Liu v. Securities and Exchange Commission
Docket Number: 18-1501
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners solicited foreign nationals to invest in a cancer-treatment center. A Securities and Exchange Commission investigation revealed they misappropriated the funds. The SEC may seek “equitable relief” in civil ...

Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of University of California
Docket Number: 18-587
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2012, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which allows certain unauthorized aliens who arrived in the U.S. as children to apply for a two-year ...