Volume 581

North Carolina v. Covington
Docket Number: 16-1023
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 5, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The North Carolina General Assembly redrew state legislative districts in 2011 to account for population changes revealed by the 2010 census. Plaintiffs alleged that 28 majority-black districts in the new plan were uncon...

Honeycutt v. United States
Docket Number: 16-142
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 5, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Terry managed sales and inventory for a Tennessee hardware store owned by his brother, Tony. They were indicted for federal drug crimes including conspiracy to distribute a product used in methamphetamine production. The...

Kokesh v. Securities and Exchange Commission
Docket Number: 16-529
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 5, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In the 1970s, federal district courts began ordering disgorgement in Securities and Exchange Commission enforcement proceedings. The Commission may also seek monetary civil penalties; 28 U.S.C. 2462 establishes a five-ye...

Town of Chester v. Laroe Estates, Inc.
Docket Number: 16-605
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 5, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Sherman paid $2.7 million for land in Chester, New York, then sought approval of his development plan. Years later, he filed a regulatory takings suit. Laroe moved to intervene under FRCP 24(a)(2), which requires a court...

Advocate Health Care Network v. Stapleton
Docket Number: 16-74
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 5, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) obligates private employers offering pension plans to adhere to rules designed to ensure plan solvency and protect plan participants, 29 U.S.C. 1003(b)(2). ERISA exempt...

Impression Products, Inc. v. Lexmark International, Inc.
Docket Number: 15-1189
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Lexmark holds patents on the components of toner cartridges that it manufactures and sells. Lexmark allows consumers to buy a cartridge at full price, with no restrictions, or to buy a cartridge at a discount through Lex...

County of Los Angeles v. Mendez
Docket Number: 16-369
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department had information that a potentially armed and dangerous parolee-at-large had been seen at a certain residence. While others searched the main house, deputies searched the proper...

BNSF Railroad Co. v. Tyrrell
Docket Number: 16-405
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Based on alleged work-related injuries, Nelson, a North Dakota resident, and Tyrrell, the administrator of a South Dakota estate, brought Federal Employers’ Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. 51, suits against BNSF Railroad. Neith...

Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions
Docket Number: 16-54
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 30, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, a Mexican citizen and lawful permanent resident of the U.S., pleaded no contest in a California court under a statute criminalizing “unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor who is more than three years young...

Cooper v. Harris
Docket Number: 15-1262
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: North Carolina redrew Congressional Districts 1 and 12 after the 2010 census. Previously, neither district had a majority black voting-age population (BVAP), but both consistently elected candidates preferred by most Afr...

Water Splash, Inc. v. Menon
Docket Number: 16-254
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Water Splash sued Menon, a former employee, in Texas state court. Because Menon resided in Canada, Water Splash obtained permission to effect service by mail. Menon declined to answer or enter an appearance. The trial co...

TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC
Docket Number: 16-341
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. 1400(b), provides that “[a]ny civil action for patent infringement may be brought in the judicial district where the defendant resides, or where the defendant has committed acts of inf...

Howell v. Howell
Docket Number: 15-1031
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 15, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: A state court may not order a veteran to indemnify a divorced spouse for the loss in the spouse’s portion of the veteran’s retirement pay caused by the veteran’s waiver of retirement pay to receive service-related disabi...

Kindred Nursing Centers, L. P. v. Clark
Docket Number: 16-32
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 15, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Kentucky ruling that authority to bind a principal to arbitration must be explicitly stated in power of attorney violated the Federal Arbitration Act. When the patients moved into Kindred’s nursing home, their relative...

Midland Funding, LLC v. Johnson
Docket Number: 16-348
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 15, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Filing a bankruptcy proof of claim that is obviously time-barred is not a false, deceptive, misleading, unfair, or unconscionable practice under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). Midland filed a proof of...

Bank of America Corp. v. City of Miami
Docket Number: 15-1111
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 1, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: A city is an “aggrieved person,” authorized to bring suit under the Fair Housing Act (FHA), according to the Supreme Court. The City of Miami sued Bank of America and Wells Fargo, alleging violations of the FHA prohibiti...

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela v. Helmerich & Payne Int’l Drilling Co.
Docket Number: 15-423
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 1, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: A case falls within the scope of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, 28 U.S.C. 1604, “expropriation exception” and may be pursued against a foreign state in U.S. federal courts only if the property in which the party c...

Lewis v. Clarke
Docket Number: 15-1500
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 25, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Lewises, driving on a Connecticut interstate, were struck by a vehicle driven by Clarke, a Tribal Gaming Authority employee, who was transporting Mohegan Sun Casino patrons. The Lewises sued Clarke in his individual...

Nelson v. Colorado
Docket Number: 15-1256
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Nelson, convicted of felonies and misdemeanors arising from the alleged abuse of her children, was sentenced to prison and ordered to pay $8,192.50 in court costs, fees, and restitution. Nelson’s conviction was reversed...

Manrique v. United States
Docket Number: 15-7250
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: After agents found child pornography on petitioner’s computer, he pleaded guilty to possessing a visual depiction of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct (18 U.S.C. 2252(a)(4)(B) and (b)(2)), an offense requirin...

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. v. Haeger
Docket Number: 15-1406
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 18, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Haegers sued Goodyear, alleging that the failure of a Goodyear G159 tire caused their motorhome to swerve and flip over. After years of contentious discovery, marked by Goodyear’s slow response to repeated requests...

Coventry Health Care of Missouri, Inc. v. Nevils
Docket Number: 16-149
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 18, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Employees Health Benefits Act (FEHBA) authorizes the Office of Personnel Management to contract with private carriers for federal employees’ health insurance; 5 U.S.C. 8902(m)(1) states that the “terms of any...

McLane Co. v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Docket Number: 15-1248
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 3, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Ochoa worked in a physically demanding job for McLane, which requires new employees in such positions and those returning from medical leave to take a physical evaluation. When Ochoa returned from three months of materni...

Dean v. United States
Docket Number: 15-9260
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 3, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Dean and his brother committed two robberies; Dean’s brother threatened and assaulted the victim with a gun, while Dean searched for valuables. Dean was convicted of multiple robbery and firearms counts, and two counts...

Expressions Hair Design v. Schneiderman
Docket Number: 15-1391
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 29, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Businesses challenged New York General Business Law section 518, which provides that “[n]o seller in any sales transaction may impose a surcharge on a holder who elects to use a credit card in lieu of payment by cash, ch...

Moore v. Texas
Docket Number: 15-797
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 28, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Moore was convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death for shooting a clerk during a robbery that occurred when Moore was 20 years old. A state habeas court determined that, under Supreme Court precedent, Moore wa...