Volume 570

Hollingsworth v. Perry
Citation: 570 U.S. 693
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The California Supreme Court held that limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples violated the California Constitution; state voters then passed a ballot initiative, Proposition 8, amending the state constitution to define ...

United States v. Windsor
Citation: 570 U.S. 744
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Windsor and Spyer, two women, married in Canada in 2007. Their home state, New York, recognized the marriage. Spyer died in 2009 and left her estate to Windsor, who sought to claim the federal estate tax exemption for surviving ...

Sekhar v. United States
Citation: 570 U.S. 729
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Comptroller is sole trustee and chooses investments for the employee pension fund of the state of New York and its local governments. The Comptroller’s general counsel recommended against investing in a fund managed ...

Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Mgmt. Dist.
Citation: 570 U.S. 595
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1972 Koontz bought 14.9 undeveloped acres. Florida subsequently enacted the 1972 Water Resources Act, requiring a permit with conditions to ensure that construction will not be harm water resources and the 1984 Henderson ...

Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl
Citation: 570 U.S. 637
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) establishes federal standards for state-court custody proceedings involving Indian children. It bars involuntary termination of parental rights absent a heightened showing that ...

Shelby County v. Holder
Citation: 570 U.S. 529
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Voting Rights Act of 1965, 42 U.S.C. 1973(a), was enacted to address racial discrimination in voting. Section 2 bans any “standard, practice, or procedure” that “results in a denial or abridgement of the right of ...

Fisher v. University of Texas
Citation: 570 U.S. 297
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Since the Court’s 2003 decision, Grutter v. Bollinger, the University of Texas at Austin has considered race as a factor in undergraduate admissions. A Caucasian, rejected for admission, sued, alleging that consideration ...

Vance v. Ball State Univ.
Citation: 570 U.S. 421
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Title VII (42 U.S.C. 2000e–2(a)(1)), an employer’s liability for workplace harassment may depend on the status of the harasser. If the harassing employee is the victim’s co-worker, the employer is liable only ...

Ryan v. Schad
Citation: 570 U.S. 521
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Based on the 1978 strangling death of a 74-year-old, Schad was convicted in 1985 of first-degree murder and sentenced to death. After extensive Arizona state and federal court proceedings, the Supreme Court denied petitions ...

Mutual Pharmaceutical Co. v. Bartlett
Citation: 570 U.S. 472
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval before marketing any brand-name or generic drug in interstate commerce, 21 U.S.C. 355(a). The manufacturer of an approved drug is prohibited ...

United States v. Kebodeaux
Citation: 570 U.S. 387
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Kebodeaux was convicted by special court-martial of a federal sex offense. After serving his sentence and receiving a bad-conduct discharge from the Air Force, he moved to Texas where he registered with state authorities ...

Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center v. Nassar
Citation: 570 U.S. 338
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Texas university medical center has an agreement with Parkland Memorial Hospital, requiring the Hospital to offer vacant staff physician posts to University faculty members. A physician of Middle Eastern descent, both ...

Descamps v. United States
Citation: 570 U.S. 254
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) increases the sentences of federal defendants who have three prior convictions “for a violent felony,” including “burglary, arson, or extortion,” 18 U.S.C. 924(e). Under the “categorical ...

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.
Citation: 570 U.S. 205
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003, 22 U.S.C. 7601, authorizes appropriations to fund nongovernmental efforts to combat HIV/AIDS worldwide, with conditions that: no funds “may be ...

Am. Express Co. v. Italian Colors Rest.
Citation: 570 U.S. 228
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: An agreement between American Express and merchants who accept American Express cards, requires that all of their disputes be resolved by arbitration and provides that there “shall be no right or authority for any Claims ...

Alleyne v. United States
Citation: 570 U.S. 99
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Alleyne was convicted using or carrying a firearm in relation to a crime of violence, 18 U.S.C. 924(c)(1)(A), which carries a five-year mandatory minimum sentence. The sentences increases to a seven-year minimum if the firearm ...

Salinas v. Texas
Citation: 570 U.S. 178
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Without being placed in custody or receiving Miranda warnings, the defendant voluntarily answered questions about a murder. He fell silent when asked whether ballistics testing would match his shotgun to casings found at ...

Maracich v. Spears
Citation: 570 U.S. 48
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: Using FOIA requests directed to the South Carolina DMV, attorneys obtained names and addresses, then sent letters to more than 34,000 individuals, seeking clients for a lawsuit against car dealerships for violation of a state ...

FTC v. Actavis, Inc.
Citation: 570 U.S. 136
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Hatch-Waxman Act), 21 U.S.C. 355(j)(2)(A)(vii)(IV) established procedures for identifying and resolving patent disputes between brand-name and generic drug ...

Arizona v. Inter Tribal Council of Ariz., Inc.
Citation: 570 U.S. 1
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013

Justia Opinion Summary: The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) requires states to accept and use a uniform federal form to register voters for federal elections, 42 U.S.C. 1973gg–4(a)(1). The form developed by the Election Assistance ...