Oklahoma v. Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co., 220 U.S. 302 (1911)
U.S. Supreme CourtOklahoma v. Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co., 220 U.S. 302 (1911)
Oklahoma v. Chicago, Rock Island
& Pacific Railway Company
Argued March 13, 1911
Decided April 3, 1911
220 U.S. 302
Oklahoma v. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Co., ante, p. 220 U. S. 277, followed to effect that an act of Congress granting rights of way to a railroad company through a territory and reserving the right to regulate charges until organization of a state government, which should then be authorized to fix and regulate charges, ceased to be operative when the state was organized.
The operative effect of the Act of Congress of March 2, 1887, c. 319, 24 Stat. 446, regulating charges of a railway in Oklahoma Territory having ceased by its own terms on Oklahoma's becoming a state, the question of what rights the state had in that respect under the Enabling Act is merely an abstract one.
Whether rates of a railway within the territory of a new state are illegal depends upon the law of the state, subject to the constitutional protection of the railway company against undue exactions without due process of law, and not upon acts of Congress affecting such rates passed prior to the formation of the state and which, by their own terms, expressly cease to be operative after the formation of the state.
This action was brought by the Territory of Oklahoma in one of its courts against the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Company, for the purpose of obtaining an injunction restraining the railway company from making certain charges against the inhabitants of the territory for the transportation of freight.
The petition showed that, by the Act of Congress of March 2 1887, c. 319, a right of way through
the territory was granted to the Chicago, Kansas & Nebraska Railway Company upon certain conditions, one of which was that the company should not charge the "inhabitants of the territory" a greater rate of freight than that authorized by the State of Kansas for transportation service of the same kind; that, under the authority of the Act of Congress of June 27, 1890, c. 633, 26 Stat. 1811; the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Company, a state corporation, the defendant herein, acquired all the rights, privileges, and franchises granted to, and became subject to all the burdens imposed upon, the original grantee company, and that the defendant occupied and used said right of way, but, in violation of the Act of Congress and of the rights of the inhabitants of the territory, it daily charged shippers of wheat a greater rate for shipping than was authorized by the laws of Kansas. The relief asked by the territory was an injunction restraining the railway company from demanding, collecting, receiving, or charging, directly or indirectly, greater rates for the transportation of freight and goods, according to local distance, than those named in the petition, which, it is alleged, are in accordance with the conditions upon which Congress granted the right of way through the Territory of Oklahoma.
The railway company, by its answer, denied the allegations of the petition and, in addition, alleged that the court was without jurisdiction of the subject matter of the action, and that jurisdiction was vested exclusively in the Interstate Commerce Commission and the circuit court of the United States. The territory filed a reply, and the court granted a temporary injunction restraining the railway company, until the further order of the court, from demanding, collecting, receiving, or charging for the transportation of freight greater rates than those named in the order of injunction.
From the order of injunction, the case was taken on appeal
to the supreme court of the territory, and was afterwards "transferred to the supreme court of the state under the terms of the Enabling Act and the schedule to the Constitution." It is so stated in the opinion of the supreme court of the state. By the Enabling Act of June 16th, 1906, it was provided that
"all cases pending in the Supreme Court of said Territory of Oklahoma and in the United States court of Appeals in the Indian Territory not transferred to the United States circuit and district courts in said State of Oklahoma shall be proceeded with, held, and determined by the supreme or other final appellate court of such state, as the successor of said territorial supreme court and appellate court, subject to the same right to review upon appeal or error to the Supreme Court of the United States now allowed from the supreme or appellate courts of a state under existing laws. Jurisdiction of all cases pending in the courts of original jurisdiction in said territories not transferred to the United States circuit and district courts shall devolve upon and be exercised by the courts of original jurisdiction created by said state. That the supreme court or other court of last resort of said state shall be deemed to be the successor of said territorial appellate courts, and shall take and possess any and all jurisdiction as such not herein otherwise specifically provided for, and shall receive and retain the custody of all books, dockets, records, and files not transferred to other courts as herein provided, subject to the duty to furnish transcripts of all book entries in any specific case transferred to complete the record thereof."
34 Stat. 267, 276, c. 3335, §§ 17.
Upon the authority of one of its former cases, Chicago, R.I. & P. Ry. Co. v. Territory, 21 Okl. 329, the supreme court of the state dismissed the present case
"for the reason that the change from a territorial form of government to statehood so changed conditions that the questions involved, while they may have been vital
enough at the time the cases were appealed to the supreme court of the territory, are now merely abstract hypothetical questions from the determination of which no practical relief can follow."
Thereupon the state sued out the present writ of error.