Oklahoma v. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Ry. Co.,
220 U.S. 277 (1911)

Annotate this Case
  • Syllabus  | 
  • Case

U.S. Supreme Court

Oklahoma v. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Ry. Co., 220 U.S. 277 (1911)

Oklahoma v. Atchison, Topeka

& Santa Fe Railway Company

No. 13, Original

Argued February 23, 1911

Decided April 3, 1911

220 U.S. 277


While the territorial condition lasts, the governmental power of Congress over a territory and its inhabitants is exclusive and paramount, except as restricted by the Constitution.

An act of Congress, regulating railway charges of a railway in a territory until a state government is formed and providing that thereafter such state shall have authority to regulate the charges ceases to be of force on the admission of such state into the Union, and thereafter the state can fix such charges subject only to the constitutional rights of the railway, and so held as to §§ 1-4 of the Act of July 4, 1884, c. 179, 23 Stat. 73.

A state, in its corporate capacity, has no such interest in the rights of shippers as to entitle it to maintain an original action in this Court against the carrier to restrain it from charging unreasonable rates within its jurisdiction. Louisiana v. Texas, 176 U. S. 1.

The original jurisdiction conferred by the Constitution on this Court does not include every cause in which the state elects to make itself a party to vindicate the rights of its people or to enforce its own laws or public policy against wrong done generally.

The facts, which involve the construction of the provisions of the Constitution of the United States conferring original jurisdiction on this Court in controversies in which a state is a party, are stated in the opinion.

Page 220 U. S. 282

Disclaimer: Official Supreme Court case law is only found in the print version of the United States Reports. Justia case law is provided for general informational purposes only, and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or information linked to from this site. Please check official sources.