Wheeler v. Sedgwick,
94 U.S. 1 (1876)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Wheeler v. Sedgwick, 94 U.S. 1 (1876)

Wheeler v. Sedgwick

94 U.S. 1


An objection of the defendant that the evidence admitted in the court below tended to prove that he was not solely liable to the plaintiff for one of the items of the account sued upon cannot be made for the first time in this Court.

This was an action of assumpsit by the defendant in error, assignee in bankruptcy of Frederick S. Comstock and James M. Wheeler, formerly partners engaged in business as stockbrokers under the firm name of F. S. Comstock & Co., against George M. Wheeler, to recover certain moneys claimed to be due on account of stock operations of said firm on his account. The case below turned upon the question whether Comstock & Co. had authority from Wheeler to make certain purchases and sales on his account, and if not whether he subsequently ratified them.

Among other items in dispute was an account headed "G. M. W. Chicago and Northwestern, $6,125.62," which the bankrupt Comstock testified was one-half of a balance due the firm in a transaction in which he and Wheeler were jointly interested. The plaintiff below asked this witness,

"What authority, if any, had you from George M. Wheeler

Page 94 U. S. 2

to make purchases and sales of Northwestern stock in which you and he should be jointly interested?"

The defendant objected to this question, and the witness did not answer it. The witness further testified, in answer to other questions to which no objection was made, that the firm of Comstock & Co. had certain side transactions in Northwestern stock for and on account of George M. Wheeler, and by his authority; that there was an agreement between witness and defendant, of which witness's partner was ignorant; that if the account showed a profit, witness would take half of the profit when they closed it up, and, if the account showed a loss, witness would stand one-half of the loss; that those transactions extended to Jan. 31, 1868, and resulted in a loss of $12,251.23, one-half of which was transferred to defendant's individual account, and the other one-half in like manner to witness's account. A witness was thereupon called by the plaintiff, who, without objection, furnished a statement, including the "G. M. W., Chicago and Northwestern" account, and showing, with interest on the several items, a net balance of $26,458.90, due from the defendant.

After the testimony was closed, the defendant asked the court to direct a verdict for the defendant, on the ground that there was no proof upon which to maintain the action; but the court refused so to direct, and thereupon charged substantially that if the jury found that Comstock & Co. had authority from the defendant to buy and sell the stocks referred to in the testimony, or, if they had no such authority, that the purchases and sales were subsequently ratified by the defendant, then the plaintiff was entitled to recover, and that the amount of that recovery should be $26,458.90.

The defendant thereupon excepted to the ruling that the plaintiff was entitled to recover $26,458.90.

The jury found a verdict for that amount in favor of the plaintiff, and judgment was rendered thereon. The defendant thereupon sued out this writ, and assigns for error, among others, the admission in evidence of the account upon which the defendant below and one of the bankrupts were jointly liable, and the including of one-half of the amount thereof in the verdict of the jury.

Page 94 U. S. 3

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