Volume 592

Federal Communications Commission v. Prometheus Radio Project
Docket Number: 19-1231
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ownership rules limit the number of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that a single entity may own in a given market. Section 202(h) of the Telecommunications Act ...

Facebook, Inc. v. Duguid
Docket Number: 19-511
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA) restricts communications made with an “automatic telephone dialing system,” defined as equipment with the capacity both “to store or produce telephone numbers to ...

Mays v. Hines
Docket Number: 20-507
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 29, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In March 1985, Hines, carrying a concealed hunting knife, checked into a motel. The manager had put Jenkins in charge of the motel, providing her with a bag of money. Another visitor, Jones, later found Jenkins’ body in ...

Torres v. Madrid
Docket Number: 19-292
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: New Mexico State Police officers arrived at an apartment complex to execute an arrest warrant and approached Torres, then standing near a car, and attempted to speak with her as she got into the driver’s seat. Believing ...

Ford Motor Co. v. Montana Eighth Judicial District Court
Docket Number: 19-368
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Ford, incorporated in Delaware and headquartered in Michigan, markets, sells, and services its products across the U.S. and overseas and encourages a resale market for its vehicles. Montana and Minnesota courts exercised ...

Uzuegbunam v. Preczewski
Docket Number: 19-968
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 8, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Uzuegbunam, a Georgia Gwinnett College student, talked with interested students and handed out religious literature on campus until a campus police officer informed him that campus policy prohibited distributing religious ...

Pereida v. Wilkinson
Docket Number: 19-438
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In removal proceedings for entering and remaining in the country unlawfully, Pereida sought to establish his eligibility for cancellation of removal under 8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(4), 1229b(b)(1). Eligibility requires certain nonpermanent ...

United States Fish and Wildlife Service v. Sierra Club, Inc.
Docket Number: 19-547
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a rule in 2011 regarding cooling water intake structures. Because aquatic wildlife can become trapped in intake structures, the Endangered Species Act required the EPA to ...

Brownback v. King
Docket Number: 19-546
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 25, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) allows a plaintiff to bring certain state-law tort claims against the United States for torts committed by federal employees acting within the scope of their employment if the plaintiff ...

Republic of Hungary v. Simon
Docket Number: 18-1447
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021
Salinas v. Railroad Retirement Board
Docket Number: 19-199
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1992, Salinas began seeking disability benefits under the Railroad Retirement Act (RRA) based on serious injuries he suffered during his 15-year railroad career. He was granted benefits after his fourth application in ...

Federal Republic of Germany v. Philipp
Docket Number: 19-351
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 3, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: German Jewish art dealers owned a collection of medieval relics. Their heirs allege that the Nazi government unlawfully coerced the consortium into selling the collection to Prussia for a third of its value. The relics are ...

Chicago v. Fulton
Docket Number: 19-357
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 14, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The debtors each filed a bankruptcy petition and requested that the city return his vehicle, which had been impounded for failure to pay fines. The filing of a bankruptcy petition automatically “creates an estate,” 11 ...

Trump v. New York
Docket Number: 20-366
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 18, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Every 10 years, the U.S. undertakes an “Enumeration” of its population “in such Manner” as Congress “shall by Law direct.” The Secretary of Commerce must “take a decennial census of population . . . in such ...

Shinn v. Kayer
Docket Number: 19-1302
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 14, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Kayer murdered Haas in 1994. Kayer was convicted of premeditated first-degree murder, refused to fully cooperate with a mitigation specialist, and refused to agree to a continuance. The court ruled him competent to make that ...

Rutledge v. Pharmaceutical Care Management Association
Docket Number: 18-540
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) reimburse pharmacies for the cost of drugs covered by prescription-drug plans by administering maximum allowable cost (MAC) lists. In 2015, Arkansas passed Act 900, which requires PBMs to ...

United States v. Briggs
Docket Number: 19-108
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), a military offense, “punishable by death, may be tried and punished at any time without limitation,” 10 U.S.C. 843(a). Other military offenses are subject to a five-year ...

Carney v. Adams
Docket Number: 19-309
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Delaware’s Constitution contains a political balance requirement for appointments to the state’s major courts. No more than a bare majority of judges on any of its five major courts “shall be of the same political party.” ...

Tanzin v. Tanvir
Docket Number: 19-71
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA) provides a remedy to redress federal government violations of the right to free exercise under the First Amendment. Practicing Muslims sued under RFRA, claiming that federal ...

Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn v. Cuomo
Docket Number: 20A87
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 25, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: A New York Executive Order imposed restrictions on attendance at religious services. In "red zones," no more than 10 persons could attend each religious service; in "orange zones," attendance was capped at 25. In challenges ...

Mckesson v. Doe
Docket Number: 19-1108
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 2, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Mckesson organized a demonstration in Baton Rouge to protest a shooting by a police officer. The protesters, allegedly at Mckesson’s direction, occupied the highway in front of the police headquarters. As officers began ...

Taylor v. Riojas
Docket Number: 19-1261
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 2, 2020

Justia Opinion Summary: Taylor, a Texas inmate, alleges that in September 2013, correctional officers confined him in a cell covered, nearly floor to ceiling, in “ ‘massive amounts’ of feces.” Taylor did not eat or drink for nearly four ...