Volume 585

Sexton v. Beaudreaux
Docket Number: 17-1106
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 28, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Beaudreaux shot and killed Drummond in 2006. Esho and Crowder were witnesses. The next day, Crowder told the police that he knew the shooter from school, but did not know his name. Esho described the shooter, but did not ...

North Carolina v. Covington
Docket Number: 17-1364
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 28, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: North Carolina redistricted state legislative districts. Plaintiffs alleged that the General Assembly racially gerrymandered their districts in an ostensible effort to comply with the Voting Rights Act; 28 districts comprised ...

Sause v. Bauer
Docket Number: 17-742
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 28, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Sause, pro se, filed suit (42 U.S.C. 1983) against Louisburg, Kansas, police officers, the current mayor, and a former mayor, alleging that officers visited her apartment in response to a noise complaint, gained admittance, ...

Florida v. Georgia
Docket Number: 142-orig
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The river basin is formed by the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, which flow south through Georgia and converge at Lake Seminole, just north of Florida, where the Apalachicola River begins and flows south into the Gulf of ...

Janus v. State, County, and Municipal Employees
Docket Number: 16-1466
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: If a union is designated as the exclusive representative of Illinois public sector employees it represents even those who do not join; individual employees may not be represented by another agent or negotiate directly with ...

National Institute of Family and Life Advocates v. Becerra
Docket Number: 16-1140
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The California Reproductive Freedom, Accountability, Comprehensive Care, and Transparency Act (FACT Act) regulates pro-life centers that offer pregnancy-related services. Licensed clinics must notify women that California ...

Trump v. Hawaii
Docket Number: 17-965
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: President Trump lawfully exercised the broad discretion granted to him under section 1182(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1182(f), to issue Proclamation No. 9645, suspending the entry of aliens into ...

Ohio v. American Express Co.
Docket Number: 16-1454
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Amex credit card companies use a two-sided transaction platform to serve cardholders and merchants. Unlike traditional markets, two-sided platforms exhibit “indirect network effects,” because the value of the platform ...

Abbott v. Perez
Docket Number: 17-586
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2011, Texas adopted a new congressional districting plan and new districting maps for the state legislature. The Equal Protection Clause forbids “racial gerrymandering,” but Texas is also subject to section 2 of the ...

WesternGeco LLC v. ION Geophysical Corp.
Docket Number: 16-1011
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: WesternGeco owns patents for a system used to survey the ocean floor. ION sold a competing system, built from components manufactured in the U.S., then shipped abroad for assembly into a system indistinguishable from WesternGeco’s. ...

Cox v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1017
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018
Currier v. Virginia
Docket Number: 16-1348
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Currier was indicted for burglary, grand larceny, and unlawful possession of a firearm by a convicted felon. Because the prosecution could introduce evidence of his prior burglary and larceny convictions to prove the felon-in-possession ...

Ortiz v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1423
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The integrated “court-martial system” begins with the court-martial, which determines guilt or innocence and levies punishment. There are four appellate courts: the Court of Criminal Appeals (CCA) for the Army, Navy-Marine ...

Carpenter v. United States
Docket Number: 16-402
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: When a phone connects to a cell site, it generates time-stamped cell-site location information (CSLI) that is stored by wireless carriers for business purposes. The FBI identified the cell phone numbers of robbery suspects. ...

Dalmazzi v. United States
Docket Number: 16-961
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2018
Lucia v. Securities and Exchange Commission
Docket Number: 17-130
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has authority to enforce securities laws by instituting an administrative proceeding against an alleged wrongdoer, typically overseen by an administrative law judge (ALJ). Other ...

Pereira v. Sessions
Docket Number: 17-459
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, nonpermanent residents who are subject to removal may be eligible for cancellation of removal if they have “been physically present" in the U.S. for ...

South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc.
Docket Number: 17-494
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Many states tax the retail sales of goods and services in the state. Sellers are required to collect and remit the tax; if they do not in-state consumers are responsible for paying a use tax at the same rate. Under earlier ...

Wisconsin Central Ltd. v. United States
Docket Number: 17-530
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Congress adopted the Railroad Retirement Tax Act of 1937 in response to the Great Depression, federalizing private railroad pension plans. Private railroads and their employees pay a tax based on employees’ incomes; the ...

Gill v. Whitford
Docket Number: 16-1161
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Members of the Wisconsin Legislature are elected from single-member legislative districts. The legislature redraws district boundaries following each census. After the 2010 census, the legislature passed Act 43. Democratic ...

Rosales-Mireles v. United States
Docket Number: 16-9493
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Rosales-Mireles pleaded guilty to illegal reentry into the U.S. The presentence report mistakenly counted a misdemeanor conviction twice, yielding a Guidelines range of 77-96 months; the correctly calculated range would have ...

Lozman v. Riviera Beach
Docket Number: 17-21
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: After Lozman towed his floating home into a marina owned by the City, he became an outspoken critic of the City’s plan to condemn waterfront homes for private development. He filed suit, alleging that the City’s approval ...

Besinek v. Lamone
Docket Number: 17-333
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Republican voters alleged that Maryland’s Sixth Congressional District was gerrymandered in 2011 in retaliation for their political views. Six years after the General Assembly redrew the District, plaintiffs sought to enjoin ...

Chavez-Meza v. United States
Docket Number: 17-5639
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner pleaded guilty to possessing methamphetamine with intent to distribute. The judge determined the Guidelines range to be 135-168 months and imposed a 135-month sentence. The Sentencing Commission later lowered the ...

Animal Science Products, Inc. v. Hebei Welcome Pharmaceutical Co.
Docket Number: 16-1220
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Purchasers of vitamin C filed suit, alleging that Chinese exporters had agreed to fix the price and quantity of vitamin C exported to the U.S., in violation of the Sherman Act. The exporters unsuccessfully moved to dismiss ...

Minnesota Voters Alliance v. Mansky
Docket Number: 16-1435
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Minnesota law prohibits wearing a “political badge, political button, or other political insignia” inside a polling place on Election Day, Minn. Stat. 211B.11(1), including clothing and accessories with political insignia. ...