Volume 584

Sveen v. Melin
Docket Number: 16-1432
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 11, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Minnesota law provides that “the dissolution or annulment of a marriage revokes any revocable . . . beneficiary designation . . . made by an individual to the individual’s former spouse,” Minn. Stat. 524.2–804. If ...

Husted v. A. Philip Randolph Institute
Docket Number: 16-980
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 11, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The National Voter Registration Act (NVRA), 52 U.S.C. 20507(d), provides that a state may not remove a name from voter rolls on change-of-residence grounds unless the registrant either confirms in writing that he has moved ...

Washington v. United States
Docket Number: 17-269
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 11, 2018
China Agritech, Inc. v. Resh
Docket Number: 17-432
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 11, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Dean, an Agritech shareholder, filed a class-action complaint on February 11, 2011, alleging violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which has a two-year statute of limitations and a five-year statute of repose, ...

Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission
Docket Number: 16-111
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Phillips, the owner of a Colorado bakery, told a same-sex couple that he would not create a cake for their wedding because of his religious opposition to same-sex marriages (which Colorado did not then recognize) but that ...

Lamar, Archer & Cofrin, LLP v. Appling
Docket Number: 16-1215
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Appling owed about $60,000 to his law firm (Lamar), which threatened to withdraw representation and place a lien on its work product. Appling told Lamar that he could cover owed and future legal expenses with an expected ...

Hughes v. United States
Docket Number: 17-155
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Hughes, indicted on drug and gun charges, negotiated a Type-C plea agreement, which stipulated that Hughes would receive a sentence of 180 months but did not refer to a particular Guidelines range. The district court sentenced ...

Koons v. United States
Docket Number: 17-5716
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners pleaded guilty to drug conspiracy charges. The district court calculated their advisory Guidelines ranges, which fell below the mandatory minimums under 21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1), and concluded that the mandatory minimums ...

Azar v. Garza
Docket Number: 17-654
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 4, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Doe, a minor was eight weeks pregnant when she unlawfully crossed the border into the U.S. She was detained by the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), in a federally-funded Texas shelter. Doe requested an abortion. Absent ...

Collins v. Virginia
Docket Number: 16-1027
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 29, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: While investigating traffic incidents involving an orange and black motorcycle with an extended frame, Officer Rhodes learned that the motorcycle likely was stolen and in Collins’ possession. On Collins’ Facebook profile, ...

City of Hays v. Vogt
Docket Number: 16-1495
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 29, 2018
Lagos v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1519
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 29, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Lagos was convicted of using a company he controlled to defraud a lender of millions of dollars. After Lagos’ company went bankrupt, the lender conducted a private investigation and participated as a party in the company’s ...

Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis
Docket Number: 16-285
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Despite employment contracts providing for individualized arbitration to resolve employment disputes, employees sought to litigate Fair Labor Standards Act claims through collective actions. The Federal Arbitration Act generally ...

Upper Skagit Tribe v. Lundgren
Docket Number: 17-387
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe purchased land and commissioned a boundary survey, which convinced the Tribe that about an acre of its land lay on the other side of a boundary fence between its land and land owned by the Lundgrens. ...

Byrd v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1371
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Reed rented a car in New Jersey while Byrd waited outside. Reed’s signed agreement warned that permitting an unauthorized driver to drive the car would violate the agreement. Reed listed no additional drivers but gave the ...

Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association
Docket Number: 16-476
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) makes it unlawful for a state or its subdivisions “to sponsor, operate, advertise, promote, license, or authorize by law or compact . . . a lottery, sweepstakes, ...

McCoy v. Louisiana
Docket Number: 16-8255
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: McCoy, charged with murdering his estranged wife’s family, pleaded not guilty, insisting that he was out of state at the time of the killings and that corrupt police killed the victims. Although he adamantly objected to ...

United States v. Sanchez-Gomez
Docket Number: 17-312
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: The Southern District of California adopted a districtwide policy permitting the use of full restraints—handcuffs connected to a waist chain, with legs shackled—on most in-custody defendants produced in court for non-jury ...

Dahda v. United States
Docket Number: 17-43
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 14, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: A judge normally may issue a wiretap order permitting the interception of communications only “within the territorial jurisdiction of the court in which the judge is sitting,” 18 U.S.C. 2518(3). A District of Kansas judge ...

Jesner v. Arab Bank, PLC
Docket Number: 16-499
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners sought compensation under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), part of the Judiciary Act of 1789, 28 U.S.C. 1350, based on terrorist acts committed abroad. They alleged that those acts were in part facilitated by Arab ...

Oil States Energy Services, LLC v. Greene's Energy Group, LLC
Docket Number: 16-712
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Oil States sued Greene's Energy for infringement of a patent relating to technology for protecting wellhead equipment used in hydraulic fracturing. Greene’s challenged the patent’s validity in court and petitioned the ...

SAS Institute Inc. v. Iancu
Docket Number: 16-969
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: SAS sought inter partes review (35 U.S.C. 311(a)) of ComplementSoft’s software patent, alleging that all 16 of the patent’s claims were unpatentable. The Patent Office instituted review on some of the claims and denied ...

Sessions v. Dimaya
Docket Number: 15-1498
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Dimaya, a lawful U.S. permanent resident has two convictions for first-degree burglary under California law. An Immigration Judge and the Board of Immigration Appeals held that California first-degree burglary is a “crime ...

Wilson v. Sellers
Docket Number: 16-6855
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Wilson was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. He unsuccessfully sought habeas relief in Georgia courts, claiming ineffectiveness of counsel during sentencing. The Georgia Supreme Court summarily denied relief. Wilson ...

United States v. Microsoft Corp.
Docket Number: 17-2
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2013, federal agents obtained an 18 U.S.C. 2703 warrant requiring Microsoft to disclose all e-mails and other information associated with a customer's account that was believed to be involved in illegal drug trafficking. ...

Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro
Docket Number: 16-1362
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Encino Motorcars' current and former service advisors sought backpay under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) overtime-pay requirement, 29 U.S.C. 213(b)(10)(A). The requirement exempts “any salesman, partsman, or mechanic ...

Kisela v. Hughes
Docket Number: 17-467
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 2, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Kisela, a Tucson police officer, shot Hughes less than a minute after arriving, with other officers, at the scene where a woman had been reported to 911 as hacking a tree with a knife and acting erratically. When Kisela fired, ...

Hall v. Hall
Docket Number: 16-1150
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 27, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Samuel served as legal advisor to his mother Ethlyn. After falling out with Samuel, Ethlyn transferred her property into a trust and designated her daughter, Elsa, as her successor trustee. Ethlyn sued Samuel and his law ...

Marinello v. United States
Docket Number: 16-1144
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2004-2009, the IRS investigated Marinello’s tax activities. In 2012, Marinello was indicted for violating 26 U.S.C. 7212(a) (the Omnibus Clause), which forbids “corruptly or by force or threats of force . . . obstruct[ing] ...

Ayestas v. Davis
Docket Number: 16-6795
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2018

Justia Opinion Summary: Ayestas was convicted of murder and sentenced to death in a Texas state court. He secured new counsel; his conviction and sentence were affirmed on appeal. A third legal team sought, unsuccessfully, state habeas relief, claiming ...