Michigan v. Jackson,
475 U.S. 625 (1986)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Michigan v. Jackson, 475 U.S. 625 (1986)

Michigan v. Jackson

No. 84-1531

Argued December 9, 1985

Decided April 1, 1986

475 U.S. 625*


Respondents, at separate arraignments in a Michigan trial court on unrelated murder charges, each requested appointment of counsel. But before respondents had an opportunity to consult with counsel, police officers, after advising respondents of their Miranda rights, questioned them and obtained confessions. Both respondents were convicted over objections to the admission of the confessions in evidence. The Michigan Court of Appeals reversed and remanded in one case, but affirmed in the other. The Michigan Supreme Court considered both cases together, and held that the confessions were improperly obtained in violation of the Sixth Amendment.

Held: The confessions should have been suppressed. Although the rule of Edwards v. Arizona, 451 U. S. 477, that once a suspect has invoked his right to counsel, police may not initiate interrogation until counsel has been made available to the suspect, rested on the Fifth Amendment and concerned a request for counsel made during custodial interrogation, the reasoning of that case applies with even greater force to these cases. The assertion of the right to counsel is no less significant, and the need for additional safeguards no less clear, when that assertion is made at an arraignment and when the basis for it is the Sixth Amendment. If police initiate an interrogation after a defendant's assertion of his right to counsel at an arraignment or similar proceeding, as in these cases, any waiver of that right for that police-initiated interrogation is invalid. Pp. 475 U. S. 629-635.

421 Mich. 39, 365 N.W.2d 56, affirmed.

STEVENS, J., delivered the opinion of the Court in which BRENNAN, WHITE, MARSHALL, and BLACKMUN, JJ., joined. BURGER, C.J., filed an opinion concurring in the judgment, post, p. 475 U. S. 636. REHNQUIST, J., filed a dissenting opinion, in which POWELL and O'CONNOR, JJ., joined, post, p. 475 U. S. 637.

Page 475 U. S. 626

Primary Holding

Later overruled by Montejo v. Louisiana, this decision provided that a criminal defendant cannot be interrogated by police after he or she has asserted the right to counsel at a court proceeding. Once asserted, the right to counsel cannot be waived.

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