BELL'S LESSEE v. LEVERS
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4 U.S. 210 (1800)
U.S. Supreme Court
BELL'S LESSEE v. LEVERS, 4 U.S. 210 (1800)
4 U.S. 210 (Dall.)
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
March Term, 1800
EJECTMENT, for land in Northampton county. The charge contained the following points:
By the COURT:
1st. A warrant, which loses its descriptive location, by a prior warrant, may be laid on any vacant land. It has been the uniform practice of the surveyors so to do; and the practice has long received the sanction of the land office. 2d. A deputy surveyor gave an order to his assistant, to execute a survey; and, before it was actually executed, he died; but it was alleged, that neither the assistant, nor the party, knew of his death, till after the execution of the survey. The truth of the allegation should be examined; but, in an old transaction, if the title depends upon it, the examination should not be very strict; and every doubt should operate in favour of the validity of the survey. 3d. This is the case of a lost application; and, in cases of this kind, above all others, there must be due diligence employed to designate and effectuate the claim: for, if the survey is made, in a place different from that designated in the application, the land office can have no notice of the fact, until a return is made; and it would be hard, that a subsequent purchaser without notice, and without the means of obtaining notice, when he purchases, should be affected by the claim. 4th. In the case of a warrant, neither the negligence, nor the fraud, of the public officer, shall work an injury to the party. But if the party assists in committing the fraud, not only the party himself, but every person claiming under him, or deriving title directly through him, shall be debarred from taking advantage of the transaction. 5th. If an application, made and entered in August 1765, is not acted upon till 1773; and a caveat, entered in 1775, is the first notice of a survey; the lapse of time amounts to a dereliction of the inceptive right, as the Courts of Pennsylvania have often decided. [Footnote 1]
Footnote 1 The cause was tried in the Circuit Court, Northampton county, before SHIPPEN, C. J. and YEATES, J.[ Bell's Lessee v. Levers
Footnote 4 U.S. 210 (1800) ]
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