Beck v. Ohio, 379 U.S. 89 (1964)
U.S. Supreme CourtBeck v. Ohio, 379 U.S. 89 (1964)
Beck v. Ohio
Argued October 15, 1964
Decided November 23, 1964
379 U.S. 89
Police officers, who had received unspecified "information" and "reports" about petitioner, who knew what he looked like, and that he had a gambling record, stopped petitioner, who was driving an automobile. Placing him under arrest, they searched his car, though they had no arrest or search warrant. They found nothing of interest. They took him to a police station, where they found some clearing house slips on his person, for the possession of which he was subsequently tried. His motion to suppress the slips as seized in violation of the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments was overruled, the slips were admitted into evidence, and he was convicted, his conviction being ultimately sustained on appeal by the Supreme Court of Ohio, which found the search valid as incident to a lawful arrest.
Held: No probable cause for petitioner's arrest having been shown, the arrest, and therefore necessarily the search for and seizure of the slips incident thereto, were invalid under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments. Pp. 379 U. S. 91-97.
175 Ohio St. 73, 191 N.E.2d 826, reversed.