Shaughnessy v. Pedreiro,
349 U.S. 48 (1955)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Shaughnessy v. Pedreiro, 349 U.S. 48 (1955)

Shaughnessy v. Pedreiro

No. 374

Argued March 31, 1955

Decided April 25 1955

349 U.S. 48


1. Under § 10 of the Administrative Procedure Act, an alien whose deportation has been ordered administratively under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 may obtain a judicial review of such order by an action in a federal district court for a declaratory judgment and injunctive relief. Pp. 349 U. S. 49-52.

(a) Heikkila v. Barber, 345 U. S. 229, distinguished. P. 349 U. S. 50.

(b) The provision of § 242(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 which makes deportation orders of the Attorney General "final" does not "expressly" supersede or modify the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act within the meaning of § 12 thereof, and does not make § 10 of the latter Act inapplicable to deportation proceedings. Pp. 349 U. S. 50-52.

(c) A habeas corpus proceeding is not the sole means of obtaining judicial review of a deportation order issued under the 1952 Act. An action in a federal district court to declare the order void and enjoin its execution is an appropriate remedy. P. 349 U. S. 52.

2. In an action in a federal district court against a District Director of Immigration and Naturalization to review a deportation order, declare it void, and enjoin its execution, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization is not an indispensable party. Pp. 349 U. S. 52-54.

213 F.2d 768 affirmed.

Page 349 U. S. 49

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