United States v. National Exchange Bank
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270 U.S. 527 (1926)
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U.S. Supreme Court
United States v. National Exchange Bank, 270 U.S. 527 (1926)
United States v. National Exchange Bank of Baltimore
Argued March 16, 1926
Decided April 12, 1926
270 U.S. 527
1. A drawee of a check or draft who is also the drawer is held, in paying it, to a knowledge of the true amount, and if, by mistake,
he pay to a bona fide holder for value without notice a larger amount to which the paper has been fraudulently raised, he cannot recover the difference from such holder. P. 270 U. S. 533.
2. This rule is applicable to the United States.
So held where a check was drawn on the Treasurer of the United States by a disbursing clerk of the Veterans' Bureau, raised and negotiated by the payee, and in due course taken and paid for at its fraudulent face by the defendant bank, which collected the same amount from the United States.
1 F.2d 888 affirmed.
Error to a judgment of the circuit court of appeals affirming a judgment for the bank in an action by the United States to recover the difference between the amount to which a check paid by it had been fraudulently raised and the amount for which it was drawn.