First Nat'l Bank v. Williams, 252 U.S. 504 (1920)
U.S. Supreme CourtFirst Nat'l Bank v. Williams, 252 U.S. 504 (1920)
First Nat'l Bank v. Williams
Argued March 3, 1920
Decided April 19, 1920
252 U.S. 504
A cause of action arises "under" the laws of the United States when an appropriate statement by the plaintiff, unaided by any anticipation or avoidance of defenses, discloses that it really and substantially involves a dispute or controversy respecting the validity, construction, or effect of an act of Congress. P. 252 U. S. 512.
A suit by a national bank to restrain the Comptroller of the Currency from alleged unlawful and malicious practices, wherein plaintiff's right turns on construction and application of the National Banking Law, is a suit to enjoin him under that law within the intendment of Jud.Code, §§ 24, 49, must be brought in the district where the bank is established, and may be maintained upon service made elsewhere -- in this case, in the District of Columbia. P. 252 U. S. 50.
20 F. 674 reversed.
The case is stated in the opinion.