Eaton v. Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Co.
240 U.S. 427 (1916)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Eaton v. Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Co., 240 U.S. 427 (1916)

Eaton v. Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Company

No. 466

Motion to dismiss or affirm submitted February 28, 1916

Decided March 13, 1916

240 U.S. 427


Trust for life with income to be free from interference or control of creditors of the beneficiary are, in Massachusetts, valid and effective against creditors, and, under certain condition, against assignees in insolvency and trustees in bankruptcy.

The policy of the Bankruptcy Act is to respect state exemptions.

A trust fund established by a will, the whole of the income to be paid during life of the beneficiary with such portion of the principal as shall make the annual amount to be paid at least a stated sum, said income to be free from interference or control of creditors, held, in this case, following the decision of the highest court of Massachusetts, not to pass to the trustee in bankruptcy of the beneficiary under § 70a(5) of the Bankruptcy Act.

The facts, which involve the construction and application of § 70a(5) of the Bankruptcy Act and of the rights of the life tenant in a trust fund created under the laws of Massachusetts, are stated in the opinion.

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