Wallace v. Adams,
204 U.S. 415 (1907)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Wallace v. Adams, 204 U.S. 415 (1907)

Wallace v. Adams

No. 260

Argued December 21, 1906

Decided February 25, 1907

204 U.S. 415


The power of Congress over citizenship in Indian tribes is plenary; it may adopt any reasonable method to ascertain who are citizens, and if one method is unsatisfactory, it can try another; nor is its power exhausted because the first plan is by inquiry in a territorial court. The functions of a territorial court in such a case are those of a commission, rather than of a court.

The Act of July 1, 1902, 32 Stat. 641, creating the Choctaw and Chickasaw Citizenship Court and giving it power to examine, and in case of error found, to annul judgments of courts of Indian Territory determining citizenship in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, was a valid exercise of power.

Congress has power to provide for the bringing of a suit in regard to citizenship in Indian tribes in a court of equity in which every class to be affected shall be represented and that those not actually made parties but who belong to the classes represented shall be bound by the decree.

Citizens are bound to take notice of the legislation of Congress.

143 F. 716 affirmed.

The facts are stated in the opinion.

Page 204 U. S. 418

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