Jennings v. Coal Ridge Improvement & Coal Co., 147 U.S. 147 (1893)
U.S. Supreme CourtJennings v. Coal Ridge Improvement & Coal Co., 147 U.S. 147 (1983)
Jennings v. Coal Ridge Improvement and Coal Company
Argued December 21, 1892
Decided January 3, 1893
147 U.S. 147
Bell's Gap Railroad Co. v. Pennsylvania, 134 U. S. 233, affirmed to the point that a provision in a state law for the assessment of a state tax upon the face value of bonds instead of upon their nominal value violates no provision of the Constitution of the United States.
The brief of the plaintiff in error stated his case as follows:
"W. W. Jennings is the owner of $20,000 of the registered mortgage bonds of the Coal Ridge Improvement and Coal Company, a Pennsylvania corporation, upon which bonds by the terms thereof, there was due him on the first day of December, 1887, six months' interest amounting to $600. The total issue of bonds secured by the mortgage is $200,000. The company being financially embarrassed was not in funds
to pay the interest maturing December 1, 1887. It made an arrangement with most of its bondholders for an extension of two years. Jennings was asked to agree to this arrangement, but refused, threatening foreclosure unless the interest due him were fully and promptly paid. The company thereupon tendered him $570, being the interest due less $30, which the treasurer of the company proposed to deduct for state tax alleged to be due at the rate of three mills per annum upon the nominal or par value of the bond. Jennings agreed to submit to the deduction of a tax based upon the actual value of the bonds, which did not exceed 75 percent of par, but the treasurer of the company, insisting that he was compelled by law to assess them at par, regardless of actual value, refused to make any concession."
"The decision of the trial court being in favor of Jennings, the Coal Ridge Company carried the case to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, assigning as error the affirmance of the above and other points by the trial court. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania reversed the ruling of the trial court and, allowing the tax, reduced the judgment to $750, to correct which this writ of error was taken."