United States v. Dalles Military Road Co., 140 U.S. 599 (1891)
U.S. Supreme CourtUnited States v. Dalles Military Road Co., 140 U.S. 599 (1891)
United States v. Dalles Military Road Company
Nos. 1218, 1219, 1248, 1444 to 1448
Argued March 8-9, 1891
Decided May 25, 1891
140 U.S. 599
APPEALS FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
In suits in equity brought by the United States under the Act of Congress passed March 2, 1889, 25 stat. 850, against corporations and persons claiming to own lands granted to the State of Oregon by the Acts of
Congress of July 2, 1864, 13 Stat. 355, July 5, 1866, 14 Stat. 89, and February 25, 1867, 14 Stat. 409, to declare the lands to be forfeited to the United States and to set aside, for fraud, patents granted therefor, the defendants pleaded the issuing of certificates by the governor without fraud committed upon or by him; that they were bona fide purchasers, for a valuable consideration, without notice, and that they had expended moneys in respect of the lands in good faith. The pleas having been set down for hearing, the circuit court sustained them and dismissed the bills, without permitting the plaintiffs to reply to the pleas. Held that they ought to have been allowed to take issue on the pleas.
The act of 1889 intended a full legal investigation of the facts, and did not intend that the interests involved should be determined on the untested allegations of the defendants.