Douglass v. Lewis, 131 U.S. 75 (1889)
U.S. Supreme CourtDouglass v. Lewis, 131 U.S. 75 (1889)
Douglass v. Lewis
Argued April 3, 1889
Decided May 15, 1889
131 U.S. 75
ERROR TO THE SUPREME COURT
OF THE TERRITORY OF NEW MEXICO
In construing a covenant in a deed, the words are to be taken most strongly against the party using them, but in construing a covenant created by statute out of language of grant in a deed and in derogation of the common law, the words should be construed strictly.
Covenants of seisin and for quiet enjoyment, created by statute from the use of certain words in a deed, are operative to their full extent only when the parties have failed to insert covenants in these respects in the deed, and may be controlled and limited in their operation by express covenants in that regard.