Halliburton v. United States - 80 U.S. 63 (1871)
U.S. Supreme Court
Halliburton v. United States, 80 U.S. 13 Wall. 63 63 (1871)
Halliburton v. United States
80 U.S. (13 Wall.) 63
1. The doctrine of the preceding case as to the accountability of the receivers of public moneys affirmed.
2. Evidence of alleged payments made or of setoff, on a suit on a marshal's official bond, held rightly excluded under the 4th section of the act of March 3d, 1797, there having been no evidence that what was excluded was a claim presented to the accounting officers of the Treasury, and by them disallowed; nor it being pretended that the defendants were at the trial in possession of vouchers not before in their power to procure.
The action was debt upon a marshal's bond conditioned for faithful performance of all the duties of the office of marshal. The breaches assigned were that on the 1st day of April, 1861, Halliburton, the marshal, was indebted to the United States in the sum of $3,946.65 for money had and received by him for the use of the plaintiffs, and upon an account then stated, and for money which had previously come into his hands as marshal, which it was his duty to pay over, but which he had converted to his use. Among other defenses set up, the defendants pleaded the ordinance of secession passed by the convention of Arkansas on the 6th of May, 1861; the ordinance of the same convention
passed May 7, 1861, requiring all persons having money of the United States in their hands to hold the same subject to future action of the convention, and a subsequent ordinance of June 1, 1861, requiring all persons having money as aforesaid to pay the same over to the Treasurer of Arkansas under severe penalties of fine and long imprisonment. The plea further averred that the convention and the government organized thereunder had the physical power to enforce its laws and decrees and did enforce them as fully as any organized government might do for a long period of time, to-wit, one year, and that the defendant, Halliburton, yielding to the force and compulsion of the said government so organized, and having at that time no protection from the government of the United States, and not being able in any wise to resist the execution of the ordinance of the convention, did pay the money mentioned in the declaration mentioned to the Treasurer of Arkansas on the 21st day of June, 1861. The plea still further averred that after the 7th of May, 1861, Halliburton had no opportunity to pay the money to the United States, and that he was prevented from paying the same by public hostilities. To this plea there was a demurrer, and judgment was given against the defendants, which was one error -- the principal one -- insisted on.
There was, however, another error assigned, to-wit that the circuit court refused to admit evidence of payments made and of an alleged setoff. This refusal of the court was apparently founded on the fourth section of the Act of Congress of March 3, 1797, * which enacts that in suits between the United States and individuals, no claim for a credit shall be admitted upon trial but such as shall appear to have been presented to the accounting officers of the Treasury for their examination and by them disallowed in whole or in part unless it shall be proved to the satisfaction of the court that the defendant is at the time of trial in possession of vouchers not before in his power to procure, and that he was prevented from exhibiting a claim for such credit at the Treasury by absence from the United States or some unavoidable accident. It did not appear that the evidence offered and rejected came within the provision of this statute.
Judgment having been given for the United States, the marshal, Halliburton, and his sureties, brought the case here.
It was twice argued and by the same counsel and on the same briefs as the preceding one.