Stark v. Wickard - 321 U.S. 288 (1944)
U.S. Supreme Court
Stark v. Wickard, 321 U.S. 288 (1944)
Stark v. Wickard
Argued January 14, 1944
Decided February 28, 1944
321 U.S. 288
1. Under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, the Secretary of Agriculture promulgated an order regulating the marketing of milk in the Greater Boston area. The order provided for fixing minimum prices to be paid to producers, and the prescribed formula authorized a deduction for certain payments to cooperatives. Producers, claiming that the Secretary, by the provisions for payments to cooperatives, was unlawfully diverting funds which belonged to producers, brought suit in the federal district court to enjoin the Secretary from carrying out the challenged provisions of the order. Held, that the producers had standing to sue. Pp. 321 U. S. 289, 321 U. S. 305.
2. Although a judicial examination of the validity of the Secretary's action is not specifically authorized by the Act, authority therefor is found in the existence of courts and the intent of Congress as deduced from the statutes and precedents. P. 321 U. S. 307.
3. Under Article III of the Constitution, Congress established courts to adjudicate cases and controversies as to claims of infringement of individual rights, whether by unlawful action of private persons or by the exertion of unauthorized administrative power. P. 321 U. S. 310.
4. Whether the allegations of the complaint are sustainable is not considered; the Court determines only that the complainants are entitled to a judicial examination thereof. P. 321 U. S. 311.
136 F.2d 786 reversed.
Certiorari, 320 U.S. 723, to review the affirmance of a judgment dismissing the complaint in a suit to enjoin the Secretary of Agriculture from carrying out provisions of an order under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937.