If it does not appear upon the record that the character of the
original parties will support the jurisdiction of the court, it
cannot be sustained.
A suit on a promissory note cannot be maintained in the courts
of the United States in the hands of a subsequent holder if the
original parties to the note could not sue or be sued in those
The courts of the United States have not jurisdiction in a case
where both parties are aliens.
In cases of reversal, costs do not go of course, but in cases of
affirmance they do. When a judgment is reversed for want of
jurisdiction, it must be without costs.
In the circuit court, Murray, a citizen of New York, instituted
a suit against Montalet, an alien and citizen of the French
Republic, upon certain promissory notes drawn by the defendant in
St. Domingo, in favor of Cardeaux de la Caye.
The declaration contained no allegation of the residence,
citizenship, or neutral character of the drawee of the notes. In
the plea it was stated that he was an alien and subject of France.
An objection to the jurisdiction was taken, the record not showing
that a suit upon the notes could be prosecuted in the Circuit Court
It was suggested by the counsel for the defendant that it did
not sufficiently appear that the original parties to the notes were
But MR. CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL said that if it did not appear
upon the record that the character of the original parties would
support the jurisdiction, that objection was equally fatal under
the uniform decisions of this Court.
As to costs, the Court directed that in cases of reversal, costs
do not go of course, but in all cases of affirmance they do, and
that when a judgment is reversed for want of jurisdiction, it must
be without costs.