United States v. Vallejo, 66 U.S. 283 (1861)
U.S. Supreme CourtUnited States v. Vallejo, 66 U.S. 1 Black 283 283 (1861)
United States v. Vallejo
66 U.S. (1 Black) 283
1. A claim for land in California admitted by the United States to be regular and genuine confirmed to the proper owner, the original grantee or his assigns, though the nominal claimant be one who derives title through a deed bearing date while the proceedings were pending and before the decree of concession.
This was a claim for a tract of land in Sonoma county, California, two leagues and a half in length by a quarter of a league in width, and called Agua Caliente. M. G. Vallejo filed his petition before the land commission claiming the tract above
described under a deed from Lazaro Pina, to whom it had been granted in 1840 by Governor Alvarado. Before any testimony was taken in the case, the attorneys of Vallejo withdrew from it and the Commission rejected the claim for lack of any proof, either of the original grant or of the alleged conveyance to Vallejo. Vallejo appealed to the district court and introduced a complete espediente from the archives showing that the grant had been made to Pina in 1840 and the journal of the departmental assembly, which proved that the title had been confirmed in 1845. The original grant was not produced, but was alleged to have been lost. But while the decree of concession to Pina was dated July 13, 1840, the deed conveying the land to Vallejo under the same title bore date December 4, 1839. This circumstance was not explained. In 1859, the district court confirmed the title to Vallejo, reserving, however, the rights of the heirs and assigns of Pina so that the confirmation might inure to the benefit of any parties who could show a better title than Vallejo, "derived from the original grantee by deed, devise, descent, or otherwise." From this decree the United States appealed.