Volume 593

Fulton v. Philadelphia
Docket Number: 19-123
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Philadelphia contracts with private agencies, which certify prospective foster families under state criteria. Based on its religious beliefs, Catholic Social Services (CSS) will not certify unmarried couples or same-sex married ...

Nestlé USA, Inc. v. Doe
Docket Number: 19-416
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Six individuals from Mali alleged that they were trafficked into Ivory Coast as child slaves to produce cocoa; they sued U.S.-based companies, Nestlé and Cargill, citing the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), which provides federal ...

California v. Texas
Docket Number: 19-840
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required most Americans to obtain minimum essential health insurance coverage and imposed a monetary penalty upon most individuals who failed to do so; 2017 amendments effectively ...

Greer v. United States
Docket Number: 19-8709
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In its 2019 “Rehaif” decision, the Supreme Court clarified that for 18 U.S.C. 922(g) firearms-possession offenses, the prosecution must prove both that the defendant knew he possessed a firearm and that he knew he was ...

Terry v. United States
Docket Number: 20-5904
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 14, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The 1986 mandatory-minimum penalties for possession with intent to distribute cocaine were based on drug quantity: a five-year mandatory minimum was triggered by either five grams of crack cocaine or 500 grams of powder cocaine; ...

Borden v. United States
Docket Number: 19-5410
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Borden pleaded guilty as a felon-in-possession. The prosecution sought an enhanced sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA), which mandates a 15-year minimum sentence for persons found guilty of illegally possessing ...

Sanchez v. Mayorkas
Docket Number: 20-315
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 7, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Sanchez, a citizen of El Salvador, entered the U.S. unlawfully in 1997 and obtained Temporary Protected Status (TPS) in 2001. TPS allows foreign nationals from countries designated by the government as having unusually bad ...

Van Buren v. United States
Docket Number: 19-783
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Former Georgia police sergeant Van Buren used his credentials on a patrol-car computer to access a law enforcement database to retrieve license plate information in exchange for money. His conduct violated a department policy ...

Garland v. Dai
Docket Number: 19-1155
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Alcaraz-Enriquez and Dai each appeared before an immigration judge (IJ), requesting that he not be returned to his country of origin. For Alcaraz-Enriquez, the IJ had to determine whether Alcaraz-Enriquez had committed a ...

United States v. Cooley
Docket Number: 19-1414
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 1, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Crow Police Officer Saylor approached a truck parked on U.S. Highway 212, a public right-of-way within the Crow Reservation in Montana. Saylor observed that the driver, Cooley, appeared to be non-native and had watery, bloodshot ...

San Antonio v. Hotels.com, L. P.
Docket Number: 20-334
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 27, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: A class of Texas municipalities was awarded a multi-million dollar judgment against online travel companies over the calculation of hotel occupancy taxes. To prevent execution on that judgment pending appeal, the companies ...

Guam v. United States
Docket Number: 20-382
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 24, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The Ordot Dump was constructed on Guam by the Navy in the 1940s. Both the federal government and Guam allegedly deposited waste at Ordot. A 2004 consent decree between the EPA and Guam resolved litigation concerning Clean ...

United States v. Palomar-Santiago
Docket Number: 20-437
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 24, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Palomar-Santiago, a Mexican national living in the U.S, was convicted in California state court of felony DUI in 1988. Lower courts then understood that conviction to be an “aggravated felony” subjecting a noncitizen ...

BP p.l.c. v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore
Docket Number: 19-1189
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Baltimore sued energy companies in Maryland state court, alleging that they concealed the environmental impacts of the fossil fuels they promoted. The companies removed the case to federal court invoking, among other grounds, ...

Edwards v. Vannoy
Docket Number: 19-5807
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2007, a Louisiana jury found Edwards guilty of armed robbery, rape, and kidnapping. Louisiana law then permitted non-unanimous jury verdicts if at least 10 of the 12 jurors found the defendant guilty; 11 of 12 Edwards ...

CIC Services., LLC v. Internal Revenue Service
Docket Number: 19-930
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: IRS Notice 2016–66 requires taxpayers and “material advisors” to report information about "micro-captive" insurance agreements. The consequences for non-compliance include civil tax penalties and criminal prosecution. ...

Caniglia v. Strom
Docket Number: 20-157
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 17, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: During an argument with his wife, Caniglia placed a handgun on a table and asked his wife to “shoot [him] and get it over with.” His wife left and spent the night at a hotel. The next morning, unable to reach her husband ...

Niz-Chavez v. Garland
Docket Number: 19-863
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 29, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Nonpermanent resident aliens ordered removed from the U.S. may obtain discretionary relief if, among other things, they can establish their continuous presence in the country for at least 10 years, 8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(1). The ...

Alaska v. Wright
Docket Number: 20-940
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 26, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: An Alaska jury convicted Wright of 13 counts of sexual abuse of a minor. Wright finished serving his sentence and moved to Tennessee. Once there, he failed to register as a sex offender as required by the Sex Offender Registration ...

Jones v. Mississippi
Docket Number: 18-1259
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: A Mississippi jury convicted Jones of murder for killing his grandfather when Jones was 15 years old. Under Mississippi law, murder carried a mandatory sentence of life without parole. That sentence was affirmed on appeal. ...

Carr v. Saul
Docket Number: 19-1442
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioners, whose applications for disability benefits were denied by the Social Security Administration (SSA) unsuccessfully challenged their adverse determinations before an SSA administrative law judge (ALJ). The SSA ...

AMG Capital Management, LLC v. Federal Trade Commission
Docket Number: 19-508
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 22, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: The FTC filed a complaint against Tucker alleging deceptive payday lending practices in violation of the Federal Trade Commission Act Section 5(a). The district court entered a permanent injunction to prevent Tucker from ...

Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-956
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 5, 2021

Justia Opinion Summary: Oracle owns a copyright in Java SE, a computer platform. Google acquired Android and sought to build a new software platform for mobile devices. To allow millions of programmers familiar with Java to work with its new platform, ...