Volume 587

Virginia Uranium, Inc. v. Warren
Docket Number: 16-1275
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The company wants to mine raw uranium ore from a site near Coles Hill, Virginia. Virginia law completely prohibits uranium mining. The company alleged that, under the Constitution’s Supremacy Clause, the Atomic Energy Act ...

Manhattan Community Access Corp. v. Halleck
Docket Number: 17-1702
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: New York requires cable operators to set aside channels for public access. Those channels are operated by the cable operator unless the local government chooses to operate the channels or designates a private entity as the ...

Gamble v. United States
Docket Number: 17-646
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Gamble pleaded guilty under Alabama’s felon-in-possession-of-a-firearm statute. Federal prosecutors then indicted him for the same instance of possession under federal law. Gamble argued that the federal indictment was ...

Virginia House of Delegates v. Bethune-Hill
Docket Number: 18-281
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: After the 2010 census, Virginia redrew legislative districts for its Senate and House of Delegates. Voters sued, claiming racial gerrymandering. The House of Delegates intervened. The district court held that 11 districts ...

Return Mail, Inc. v. United States Postal Service
Docket Number: 17-1594
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) of 2011 created the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, 35 U.S.C. 6(c), which conducts administrative review proceedings that enable a “person” to challenge the validity of a patent ...

Quarles v. United States
Docket Number: 17-778
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Quarles pled guilty as a felon in possession of a firearm but objected to enhanced sentencing under the Armed Career Criminal Act, 18 U.S.C. 924(e). He claimed that his 2002 Michigan conviction for third-degree home invasion ...

Parker Drilling Management Services, Ltd. v. Newton
Docket Number: 18-389
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Newton worked on drilling platforms off the California coast. Newton was paid for his time on duty but not for his time on standby, during which he could not leave the platform. Newton filed a class action, alleging that ...

Azar v. Allina Health Services
Docket Number: 17-1484
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Medicare program offers additional payments to institutions that serve a “disproportionate number” of low-income patients, 42 U.S.C. 1395ww(d)(5)(F)(i)(I), calculated using the hospital’s “Medicare fraction.” ...

Mont v. United States
Docket Number: 17-8995
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Mont had a five-year federal term of supervised release, scheduled to end on March 6, 2017. In June 2016, he was arrested on state drug trafficking charges. In October 2016, Mont pleaded guilty to state charges. He then admitted ...

Taggart v. Lorenzen
Docket Number: 18-489
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Taggart owned an interest in an Oregon company. That company and its other owners (respondents) sued, claiming that Taggart had breached the company’s operating agreement. Before trial, Taggart filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. ...

Fort Bend County v. Davis
Docket Number: 18-525
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, 42 U.S.C. 2000e–2(a)(1). A complainant must file a charge with the Equal Employment ...

Nieves v. Bartlett
Docket Number: 17-1174
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Bartlett was arrested for disorderly conduct and resisting arrest during a winter sports festival held in Alaska. Officer Nieves claimed he was speaking with a group when a seemingly-intoxicated Bartlett started shouting ...

Home Depot U.S.A., Inc. v. Jackson
Docket Number: 17-1471
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Citibank filed a state court debt-collection action, alleging that Jackson was liable for charges incurred on a Home Depot credit card. Jackson responded by filing third-party class-action claims against Home Depot and another, ...

Smith v. Berryhill
Docket Number: 17-1606
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Social Security Act permits judicial review of “any final decision . . . after a hearing” by the Social Security Administration (SSA), 42 U.S.C. 405(g). Claimants for Title XVI supplemental security income disability ...

Box v. Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky, Inc.
Docket Number: 18-483
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: New Indiana law altered the manner in which abortion providers may dispose of fetal remains. It excluded fetal remains from the definition of infectious and pathological waste, thereby preventing incineration of fetal remains ...

Mission Product Holdings, Inc. v. Tempnology, LLC
Docket Number: 17-1657
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Tempnology licensed Mission to use Tempnology’s trademarks in connection with the distribution of clothing. Tempnology filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and sought to reject its agreement with Mission as an “executory contract” ...

Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. v. Albrecht
Docket Number: 17-290
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Merck’s drug Fosamax treats and prevents osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. When the FDA approved Fosamax in 1995 (21 U.S.C. 355(d)), its label did not warn of the then-speculative risk of atypical femoral fractures ...

Herrera v. Wyoming
Docket Number: 17-532
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: An 1868 treaty between the United States and the Crow Tribe promised that in exchange for the Tribe’s territory in modern-day Montana and Wyoming, its members would “have the right to hunt on the unoccupied lands of the ...

Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt
Docket Number: 17-1299
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Hyatt sued the Franchise Tax Board of California in Nevada state court for alleged torts committed during a tax audit. The Supreme Court affirmed the Nevada Supreme Court, holding that the Full Faith and Credit Clause did ...

Apple, Inc. v. Pepper
Docket Number: 17-204
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Apple sells iPhone applications (apps) directly to iPhone owners through its App Store—the only place where iPhone owners may lawfully buy apps. Most apps are created by independent developers under contracts with Apple. ...

Cochise Consultancy, Inc. v. United States
Docket Number: 18-315
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The False Claims Act permits a private person (relator) to bring a qui tam civil action in the name of the Federal] Government, 31 U.S.C. 3730(b), against any person who “knowingly presents . . . a false or fraudulent claim ...

Thacker v. Tennesse Valley Authority
Docket Number: 17-1201
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 29, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), a government-owned corporation that provides electric power to millions of Americans, may “sue and be sued" in its corporate name; 16 U.S.C. 831c(b), waives some of the sovereign immunity ...

Lamps Plus, Inc. v. Varela
Docket Number: 17-988
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 24, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2016, a hacker tricked an employee into disclosing tax information of about 1,300 Lamps employees. After a fraudulent federal income tax return was filed in the name of Varela, he filed a putative class action on behalf ...

Emulex Corp. v. Varjabedian
Docket Number: 18-459
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 23, 2019
Biestek v. Berryhill
Docket Number: 17-1184
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Biestek, a former construction worker, applied for social security disability benefits, claiming he could no longer work due to physical and mental disabilities. To determine whether Biestek could successfully transition ...

Bucklew v. Precythe
Docket Number: 17-8151
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Supreme Court’s “Baze-Glossip” test, a state’s refusal to alter its execution protocol can violate the Eighth Amendment only if an inmate identifies a “feasible, readily implemented” alternative procedure ...

Lorenzo v. Securities and Exchange Commission
Docket Number: 17-1077
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 27, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: SEC Rule 10b–5 makes it unlawful to (a) “employ any device, scheme, or artifice to defraud,” (b) “make any untrue statement of a material fact,” or (c) “engage in any act, practice, or course of business” that ...

Republic of Sudan v. Harrison
Docket Number: 16-1094
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 26, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act generally immunizes foreign states from suit in the United States unless an exception applies, 28 U.S.C. 1604. If an exception applies, the Act provides subject-matter jurisdiction in ...

Sturgeon v. Frost
Docket Number: 17-949
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 26, 2019

Justia Opinion Summary: The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) set aside 104 million acres of federally-owned land for preservation, creating 10 new national parks, monuments, and preserves (units), 16 U.S.C. 3102(4). In establishing ...