Volume 582

Hernandez v. Mesa
Docket Number: 15-118
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2010, a U.S. Border Patrol agent standing on U.S. soil shot and killed Hernandez, an unarmed 15-year-old Mexican national, standing on Mexican soil. Hernandez had been playing a game that involved running up the emban...

Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia, Inc. v. Comer
Docket Number: 15-577
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Trinity Lutheran Child Learning Center, operating on church property, sought to replace its playground’s gravel surface by participating in Missouri’s Scrap Tire Program, which offers grants to qualifying nonprofit organ...

Trump. v. International Refugee Assistance Project
Docket Number: 16-1436
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In January 2017, President Trump signed executive order EO-1, "Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry," suspending, for 90 days, entry of foreign nationals from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Y...

California Public Employees’ Retirement System v. ANZ Securities, Inc.
Docket Number: 16-373
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2007-2008, Lehman Brothers raised capital through public securities offerings. Petitioner, the largest public pension fund in the country, purchased some of those securities. A 2008 putative class action claimed that...

Davila v. Davis
Docket Number: 16-6219
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In petitioner’s state capital murder trial, the court overruled counsel’s objection to a proposed jury and submitted the instruction to the jury, which convicted petitioner. Appellate counsel did not challenge the jury...

Pavan v. Smith
Docket Number: 16-992
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Married same-sex couples conceived children through anonymous sperm donation. Their babies were born in Arkansas in 2015. Each couple completed paperwork listing both female spouses as parents. The Department of Health...

Murr v. Wisconsin
Docket Number: 15-214
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The St. Croix River, part of the boundary between Wisconsin and Minnesota, is protected under federal, state, and local law. State and local regulations prevent the use or sale of adjacent riverside lots under common own...

Lee v. United States
Docket Number: 16-327
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Lee moved to the U.S. from South Korea with his parents when he was 13. For 35 years he never returned to South Korea, nor did he become a U.S. citizen. He is a lawful permanent resident. In 2008, Lee admitted possessing...

Perry v. Merit Systems Protection Board
Docket Number: 16-399
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Civil Service Reform Act, the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) has the power to review certain personnel actions against federal employees. If an employee asserts rights under the CSRA only, MSPB decisions...

Turner v. United States
Docket Number: 15-1503
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendants were indicted for the kidnapping, robbery, and murder of Catherine Fuller. The prosecution argued that Fuller was attacked by a large group, producing the testimony of two men who confessed to participating in...

Weaver v. Massachusetts
Docket Number: 16-240
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: When petitioner was tried, the Massachusetts courtroom could not accommodate all potential jurors. During jury selection, a court officer excluded any member of the public who was not a potential juror, including petitio...

Maslenjak v. United States
Docket Number: 16-309
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Maslenjak is an ethnic Serb who resided in Bosnia during the civil war. In 1998, she and her family sought refugee status in the U.S.. Interviewed under oath, Maslenjak explained that the family feared persecution: Musli...

Packingham v. North Carolina
Docket Number: 15-1194
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: North Carolina law made it a felony for a registered sex offender “to access a commercial social networking Web site where the sex offender knows that the site permits minor children to become members or to create or mai...

Matal v. Tam
Docket Number: 15-1293
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The rock group “The Slants,” chose that name to dilute the term’s denigrating force as a derogatory term for Asians. The Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) denied an application for registration of the name under 15 U.S.C...

Ziglar v. Abbasi
Docket Number: 15-1358
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, the government ordered the detention of hundreds of illegal aliens. Plaintiffs, subsequently removed from the U.S., filed a putative class action against Executive Officials...

Jenkins v. Hutton
Docket Number: 16-1116
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Hutton accused Mitchell and Simmons of stealing a sewing machine in which he had hidden $750. On September 16, 1985, Hutton drove the two around, pointing a gun. Hutton recovered the machine. Simmons survived two gunshot...

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. v. Superior Court of California
Docket Number: 16-466
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs, most of whom are not California residents, sued BMS in California state court, alleging that the pharmaceutical company’s drug Plavix had damaged their health. BMS is incorporated in Delaware and headquartere...

McWilliams v. Dunn
Docket Number: 16-5294
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 19, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1985, Alabama charged McWilliams with rape and murder, one month after the Supreme Court’s decision in Ake v. Oklahoma. Finding McWilliams indigent, the court ordered a psychiatric evaluation. The state convened a com...

Sandoz Inc. v. Amgen Inc.
Docket Number: 15-1039
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 12, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act, concerning FDA approval of a drug that is biosimilar to an already-licensed biological “reference product,” 42 U.S.C. 262(k), treats submission of a biosimilar applicat...

Sessions v. Morales-Santana
Docket Number: 15-1191
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 12, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. 1401(a)(7), provides a path to citizenship for a child born abroad if the child’s U.S.-citizen parent has 10 years’ physical presence in the U.S. before the child’s birth, “a...

Microsoft Corp. v. Baker
Docket Number: 15-457
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 12, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The owners of Microsoft’s videogame console, Xbox 360, filed a putative class action alleging a design defect. The district court struck class allegations from the complaint. The Ninth Circuit denied permission to appeal...

Virginia v. LeBlanc
Docket Number: 16-1177
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 12, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1999, LeBlanc, then age 16, raped a 62- year-old woman. In 2003, a state trial court sentenced him to life in prison. Virginia had abolished traditional “parole” for felony offenders and enacted its “geriatric release...

Henson v. Santander Consumer USA Inc.
Docket Number: 16-349
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 12, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act authorizes private lawsuits and fines against “debt collector[s],” defined as anyone who “regularly collects or attempts to collect . . . debts owed or due . . . another,” 15 U.S.C....