Volume 580

Czyzewski v. Jevic Holding Corp.
Docket Number: 15-649
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Jevic filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy after its purchase in a leveraged buyout. Former Jevic drivers were awarded a judgment for violations of state and federal Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Acts,...

Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District RE–1
Docket Number: 15-827
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) offers states federal funds to provide every eligible child a “free appropriate public education” (FAPE), by means of an “individualized education program” (IEP). 20...

Star Athletica, LLC v. Varsity Brands, Inc.
Docket Number: 15-866
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The “pictorial, graphic, or sculptural features” of a “design of a useful article” are eligible for copyright protection as artistic works if those features “can be identified separately from, and are capable of existing...

Manuel v. Joliet
Docket Number: 14-9496
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: During a traffic stop, officers searched Manuel and found a vitamin bottle containing pills. Suspecting the pills were illegal drugs, officers conducted a field test, which came back negative for any controlled substance...

National Labor Relations Board v. SW General, Inc
Docket Number: 15-1251
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Constitution requires that the President obtain “the Advice and Consent of the Senate” before appointing “Officers of the United States” (PAS officers). The Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 (FVRA), section 3345(a...

SCA Hygiene Products Aktiebolag v. First Quality Baby Products, LLC
Docket Number: 15-927
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2003, SCA notified First Quality that its adult incontinence products infringed an SCA patent. First Quality responded that its patent antedated SCA’s patent and made it invalid. In 2004, SCA sought reexamination of i...

Pena-Rodriguez v. Colorado
Docket Number: 15-606
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 6, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: A Colorado jury convicted Peña-Rodriguez of harassment and unlawful sexual contact. Following the jury’s discharge, two jurors told defense counsel that, during deliberations, Juror H.C. had expressed anti-Hispanic bias...

Beckles v. United States
Docket Number: 15-8544
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 6, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Beckles was convicted of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(1). The court imposed a “career offender” sentencing enhancement under U.S.S.G. 4B1.1(a), finding that his offense qualified as a “...

Rippo v. Baker
Docket Number: 16-6316
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 6, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: A Nevada jury convicted Rippo of first-degree murder and other offenses and sentenced him to death. During his trial, Rippo received information that the judge was the target of a federal bribery probe, and he surmised...

Bethune-Hill v. Virginia State Board of Elections
Docket Number: 15-680
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: After the 2010 census, the Virginia Legislature drew new lines for 12 state legislative districts, to ensure that each district would have a black voting-age population of at least 55%. Voters challenged the redistrictin...

Life Technologies Corp. v. Promega Corp.
Docket Number: 14-1538
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Promega sublicensed a patent, which claims a toolkit for genetic testing, to Life Technologies for the manufacture and sale of kits for use in licensed law enforcement fields worldwide. One of the kit’s five components,...

Fry v. Napoleon Community Schools
Docket Number: 15-497
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides federal funds to states for furnishing a “free appropriate public education” (FAPE) to children with disabilities, 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1)(A), and establishes...

Buck v. Davis
Docket Number: 15-8049
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 22, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Buck was convicted of murder; under Texas law, the jury could impose a death sentence only if it found unanimously, beyond a reasonable doubt, that Buck was likely to commit future acts of violence. Buck’s attorney call...

Lightfoot v. Cendant Mortgage Corp
Docket Number: 14-1055
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 18, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) is a federally-chartered corporation that participates in the secondary mortgage market, with authority “to sue and to be sued, and to complain and to defend, in any...

White v. Pauly
Docket Number: 16-67
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2017

Justia Opinion Summary: Two women called 911 to report Daniel as a “‘drunk driver’” on a highway near Santa Fe, then followed Daniel with their bright lights on. Daniel, feeling threatened, pulled over at an off-ramp to confront them. After a...

Shaw v. United States
Docket Number: 15-5991
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 12, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Shaw used identifying numbers of Hsu's bank account in a scheme to transfer funds from that account to accounts at other institutions from which Shaw was able to obtain Hsu’s funds. Shaw was convicted under 18 U.S.C. 13...

State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. v. United States ex rel. Rigsby
Docket Number: 15-513
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Before Hurricane Katrina, State Farm issued federal government-backed flood insurance policies and its own homeowner policies. Relators, former claims adjusters for a State Farm contractor (Renfroe) filed a complaint und...

Salman v. United States
Docket Number: 15-628
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and SEC Rule 10b–5 prohibit undisclosed trading on inside corporate information by persons bound by a duty not to exploit that information for their personal advantage...

Samsung Electronics Co. v. Apple Inc.
Docket Number: 15-777
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 6, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Patent Act prohibits the manufacture or sale an “article of manufacture” to which a patented design or a colorable imitation thereof has been applied and makes an infringer liable “to the extent of his total profit,”...

Bravo-Fernandez v. United States
Docket Number: 15-537
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 29, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A jury convicted Bravo and Martínez of bribery (18 U.S.C. 666), simultaneously acquitting them of conspiring to and traveling in interstate commerce to violate section 666. The only contested issue was whether they had v...

Bosse v. Oklahoma
Docket Number: 15-9173
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: October 11, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: In Booth v. Maryland (1987), the Supreme Court held that “the Eighth Amendment prohibits a capital sentencing jury from considering victim impact evidence” that does not “relate directly to the circumstances of the crime...