Volume 579

Voisine v. United States
Docket Number: 14-10154
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Congress extended the federal prohibition on firearms possession by convicted felons to persons convicted of a “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,” 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(9), defining that phrase to include a misdemeanor...

Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt
Docket Number: 15-274
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Texas House Bill 2 (2013) required that a “physician performing or inducing an abortion . . . must, on the date [of service], have active admitting privileges at a hospital . . . not further than 30 miles from the” abort...

McDonnell v. United States
Docket Number: 15-474
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Former Virginia Governor McDonnell, and his wife were indicted on honest services fraud and Hobbs Act extortion charges related to their acceptance of $175,000 in loans, gifts, and other benefits from Williams, the CEO o...

Birchfield v. North Dakota
Docket Number: 14-1468
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Every state has a law that prohibits motorists from driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeding a specified level. BAC is typically determined by analysis of a blood sample or by using a machine to measure...

Fisher v. Univ. of Tex. at Austin
Docket Number: 14-981
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The University of Texas at Austin’s undergraduate admissions system offers admission to all students who graduate in the top 10% of their Texas high school class, as required by the Texas Top Ten Percent Law. It fills th...

Mathis v. United States
Docket Number: 15-6092
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) imposes a 15-year mandatory minimum sentence on a defendant convicted of being a felon in possession of a firearm who has three prior convictions “for a violent felony,” including “bu...

United States v. Texas
Docket Number: 15-674
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: An equally divided Court affirmed, by per curiam opinion, the judgment of the appeals court below. That court had temporarily halted implementation of the federal government's Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and...

Utah v. Strieff
Docket Number: 14-1373
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Detective Fackrell conducted surveillance on a South Salt Lake City residence based on an anonymous tip about drug dealing. The number of people he observed making brief visits during the week made him suspect drug activ...

Taylor v. United States
Docket Number: 14-6166
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Taylor and other gang members twice broke into homes of marijuana dealers, demanded drugs and money, found neither, and left relatively empty handed. At Taylor’s retrial on Hobbs Act charges of affecting commerce or atte...

RJR Nabisco, Inc. v. European Cmty.
Docket Number: 15-138
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), makes it a crime to invest income derived from a pattern of racketeering activity in an enterprise “which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, i...

Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Navarro
Docket Number: 15-415
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires employers to pay overtime compensation to covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a week; a 1966 exemption covers “any salesman, partsman, or mechanic primarily engag...

Cuozzo Speed Techs., LLC v. Lee
Docket Number: 15-446
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A third party may ask the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) for inter partes review to reexamine claims in an issued patent and to cancel any claim found to be unpatentable in light of prior art; the decision “whether to...

Kingdomware Techs., Inc. v. United States
Docket Number: 14-916
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: The Veterans Benefits, Health Care, and Information Technology Act requires the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to set annual goals for contracting with service-disabled and other veteran-owned small businesses, 38 U.S.C....

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Docket Number: 15-375
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Kirtsaeng bought low-cost foreign edition textbooks in Thailand and resold them to students in the U.S. In 2013 the Supreme Court held that Kirtsaeng could invoke the Copyright Act’s “first-sale doctrine,” 17 U.S.C. 109(...

Universal Health Servs., Inc. v. United States
Docket Number: 15-7
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: A Massachusetts’ Medicaid beneficiary received services at Arbour, a mental health facility owned by Universal’s subsidiary. The teenager had an adverse reaction to a medication that a purported doctor prescribed after d...

Halo Elecs., Inc. v. Pulse Elecs., Inc.
Docket Number: 14-1513
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: In Patent Act infringement cases, courts may increase the damages up to three times the amount assessed, 35 U.S.C. 284. Under the Federal Circuit’s “Seagate” test for section 284 damages, a patent-holder had to demonstra...

Puerto Rico v. Franklin Cal. Tax-Free Trust
Docket Number: 15-233
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Parts of the Puerto Rico Public Corporation Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act mirrored Chapters 9 and 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Code and enabled Puerto Rico’s public utility corporations to restructure their debt. The...

United States v. Bryant
Docket Number: 15-420
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Enacted in response to the high incidence of domestic violence against Native American women, 18 U.S.C. 117(a), applies to any person who “commits a domestic assault within . . . Indian country” and who has at least two...

Puerto Rico v. Valle
Docket Number: 15-108
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendants each sold a gun to an undercover police officer. Each was indicted for violation of the Puerto Rico Arms Act of 2000. While those charges were pending, federal grand juries indicted them, based on the same tra...

Dietz v. Bouldin
Docket Number: 15-458
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Following a Montana automobile accident, Dietz sued Bouldin. Bouldin admitted liability and stipulated to damages of $10,136 for Dietz’ medical expenses. Dietz wanted more. During deliberations, the jury sent a note aski...

Williams v. Pennsylvania
Docket Number: 15-5040
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2016

Justia Opinion Summary: Williams was convicted of a 1984 murder and sentenced to death. Philadelphia District Attorney Castille approved a request to seek the death penalty. Williams’s conviction and sentence were upheld on direct appeal, state...