Volume 576

Ariz. State Legislature v. Ariz. Indep. Redistricting Comm’n
Docket Number: 13-1314
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Arizona’s Constitution, voters may, by ballot initiative, adopt laws and constitutional amendments and may approve or disapprove measures passed by the legislature. Proposition 106 (2000), an initiative aimed preve...

Michigan v. Envtl. Prot. Agency
Docket Number: 14-46
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The Clean Air Act (CAA) directs the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate emissions of hazardous air pollutants from stationary sources, such as refineries and factories, 42 U.S.C. 7412; it may regulate power...

Glossip v. Gross
Docket Number: 14-7955
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 29, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: After Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution, it used a three-drug protocol of sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce a state of unconsciousness; a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skele...

Johnson v. United States
Docket Number: 13-7120
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: After Johnson pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm, 18 U.S.C. 922(g), the prosecution sought an enhanced sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act, which imposes an increased prison term upon a d...

Obergefell v. Hodges
Docket Number: 14-556
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Michigan, Kentucky, Ohio, and Tennessee define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. Plaintiffs challenged the laws as violating the Fourteenth Amendment. The district courts ruled in their favor. The Sixth...

Texas Dep't of Hous, & Cmity Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.
Docket Number: 13-1371
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The federal government provides low-income housing tax credits that are distributed to developers by state agencies, including the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs. The Inclusive Communities Project (ICP...

King v. Burwell
Docket Number: 14-114
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C 18001) includes “guaranteed issue” and “community rating” requirements, which bar insurers from denying coverage or charging higher premiums based on health; requi...

Los Angeles v. Patel
Docket Number: 13-1175
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The city of Los Angeles requires hotel operators to record and keep specific information about their guests on the premises for a 90-day period, “available to any officer of the Los Angeles Police Department for inspecti...

Kimble v. Marvel Entertainment, LLC
Docket Number: 13-720
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Marvel Entertainment’s corporate predecessor agreed to purchase Kimble’s patent for a Spider-Man toy in exchange for a lump sum plus a 3% royalty on future sales. The agreement set no end date for royalties. As the paten...

Horne v. Dep't of Agriculture
Docket Number: 14-275
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: The Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to promulgate orders to maintain stable markets for agricultural products. The marketing order for raisins established a Raisin Administrat...

Kingsley v. Hendrickson
Docket Number: 14-6368
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 22, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: While Kingsley was awaiting trial in county jail, officers forcibly removed him from his cell when he refused to comply with instructions. Kingsley filed a complaint claiming that two of the officers used excessive force...

Ohio v. Clark
Docket Number: 13-1352
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Clark sent his girlfriend to engage in prostitution while he cared for her 3-year-old son L.P. and 18-month-old daughter A.T. When L.P.’s preschool teachers noticed marks on his body, he identified Clark as his abuser. A...

Davis v. Ayala
Docket Number: 13-1428
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: During jury selection in Ayala’s murder trial, Ayala, who is Hispanic, objected that seven of the prosecution’s peremptory challenges were impermissibly race-based under Batson v. Kentucky. The judge permitted the prosec...

Brumfield v. Cain
Docket Number: 13-1433
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Brumfield was convicted of murder in a Louisiana court and sentenced to death before the Supreme Court held, in Atkins v. Virginia, that the Eighth Amendment prohibits execution of the intellectually disabled. The Louisi...

Reed v. Town of Gilbert
Docket Number: 13-502
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Gilbert, Arizona prohibits the display of outdoor signs without a permit, but exempts 23 categories. “Ideological Signs,” “communicating a message or ideas” that do not fit in any other category, may be up to 20 square f...

Walker v. Tex. Div., Sons of Confederate Veterans, Inc.
Docket Number: 14-144
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Texas automobile owners can choose between general-issue and specialty license plates. People can propose a specialty plate design, with a slogan, a graphic, or both. If the Department of Motor Vehicles Board approves th...

McFadden v. United States
Docket Number: 14-378
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 18, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: McFadden was charged with violation of the Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement Act, which identifies substances substantially similar to those listed on the federal controlled substances schedules, 21 U.S.C. 802(32...

Kerry v. Din
Docket Number: 13-1402
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Din petitioned to have her husband, Berashk, a resident citizen of Afghanistan and former civil servant in the Taliban regime, classified as an “immediate relative” entitled to priority immigration status. Din’s petition...

Baker Botts L.L.P. v. ASARCO LLC
Docket Number: 14-103
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: ASARCO hired the law firms to assist it in carrying out its duties as a Chapter 11 debtor in possession, 11 U.S.C. 327(a). When ASARCO emerged from bankruptcy, the law firms filed fee applications requesting fees under s...

Mata v. Lynch
Docket Number: 14-185
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 15, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: After Mata, an unlawful alien, was convicted of assault in a Texas court, an Immigration Judge ordered him removed to Mexico. Mata’s attorney filed notice of appeal with the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), but never...

Zivotofsky v. Kerry
Docket Number: 13-628
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 8, 2015

Justia Opinion Summary: Zivotofsky was born to U.S. citizens living in Jerusalem. Under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 2003, 116 Stat. 1350, his mother asked Embassy officials to list his place of birth as “Israel” on his passport. Se...