Williamson v. Kincaid
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4 U.S. 20 (1800)
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U.S. Supreme Court
Williamson v. Kincaid, 4 U.S. 4 Dall. 20 20 (1800)
Williamson v. Kincaid
4 U.S. (4 Dall.) 20
Where the value of the matter in dispute did not appear upon the record, the Court allowed affidavits to prove the same to be taken on notice to the opposite party, the writ of error not to be a supersedeas.
It appeared from the record that
"Marian Kincaid of Great Britain, widow, demanded against John G. Williamson the one-third of 300 acres of land, &c., in Chatham County as dower. That the tenant pleaded 1st, the Act of Georgia passed 1 March, 1778, attainting G. Kincaid (the demandant's late husband) forfeiting his estate, and vesting it in Georgia, without office; 2d, the Act of 4 May, 1782, banishing G. Kincaid and confiscating his estate; 3d, the appropriation and sale of the lands in question by virtue of the said attainder and confiscation before 3 September, 1783 (the date of the definitive treaty of peace) and before G. Kincaid's death; 4th, the alienage of the demandant (who was resident abroad on 4 July, 1776, and ever since) and therefore incapable of holding lands in Georgia. That the demandant replied that she and her husband were inhabitants of Georgia on the 19th of April 1775, then under the dominion of Great Britain; that her husband continued a subject of Great Britain and never owed allegiance to Georgia, nor was ever convicted by any lawful authority of any crimes against the state. That the tenant demurred to the replication, the demandant joined in demurrer, and judgment was pronounced by the circuit court (composed of WASHINGTON, Justice, and CLAY, district judge) for the demandant."
On this judgment the writ of error was brought, and the following errors assigned.
1. The general errors.
2. The attainder of G. Kincaid and the forfeiture and sale of his estate; so no right to dower accrued; and no land out of which it could be enjoyed.
3. The alienage of the widow on the 4th of July 1776 and ever since, by which she was incapable to take and hold real estate in Georgia.
The principal question (whether an alien, British subject, was entitled under the treaty of peace to claim and hold lands in
dower) was not discussed, as the judgment was reversed for want of a sufficient description of the parties to the suit, on the authority of Bingham v. Cabot, 3 U. S. 382, and Turner v. Bank of North America, 4 U. S. 8. But an important point of practice was previously settled relative to the mode of ascertaining the value of the matter in dispute in actions like the present.
For the plaintiff in error, it was admitted in answer to an objection that the value of the matter in dispute did not appear upon the record, but it was urged that from the nature of the subject, the demand of the plaintiff could not ascertain it, nor from the nature of the suit (like a case of ejectment, where damages are only given for the ouster) could it be fixed by the finding of a jury, on the judgment of the court. 3 Bl.Com. 35-36. As therefore there was no act of Congress nor any rule of the court prescribing a mode to ascertain in such cases the value in dispute, that the party may have the benefit of a writ of error, it was proposed to continue the cause to afford an opportunity to satisfy the court by affidavits of the actual value of the property.