Davis v. Braden, 35 U.S. 286 (1836)
U.S. Supreme CourtDavis v. Braden, 35 U.S. 10 Pet. 286 286 (1836)
Davis v. Braden
35 U.S. (10 Pet.) 286
The defendant in an action of detinue died previous to the return day of the term, and at the term his death was suggested, and a scire facias was issued to his executors, to a subsequent term, and the plaintiff moved the court to revive the suit against them, which motion, on argument, was overruled and the suit abated. On a day afterwards in the same term, the plaintiff's attorney moved the court to rescind the order refusing to revive the suit, and upon this motion the judges were opposed in opinion whether the action could be revived against the personal representatives of the defendant, which division was certified to the Supreme Court. Held that the question cannot be brought up on
a certificate of division. There was not, in strictness, any cause in court. The insurmountable objection is that the granting or refusing the motion was a matter resting in the discretion of the court, and did not present a point that could be certified under the act of Congress. Although the words of the act are general that whenever any question shall occur before a circuit court upon which the opinion of the judges shall be opposed, the point shall be certified, &c., yet it is very certain that this cannot embrace every question that may arise in the progress of a cause from its commencement. There may be many motions made in the different stages of a cause before trial that could not be brought here under a certificate of division, such as motions for amendments, for commissions, for continuances, &c., and various other motions that arise in the progress of a suit which, if brought up in this manner, would occasion great delay and expense. These and all other questions resting in the discretion of the circuit court are not to be reviewed here.
The questions which may be certified are those which may arise on the trial of a case, and are such as may be presented upon the final hearing of a cause or pleas to the jurisdiction of the court. The motion in the present case does not stand on stronger grounds than a motion for a new trial, and it has been decided in this Court in the case of United States v. Daniel, 6 Wheat. 542, 5 Cond. 170, that a division of opinion upon such a motion cannot be brought here by a certificate of a division of opinion in the circuit court, and the reason assigned is that the granting or refusing a new trial is a mere matter of discretion, and the refusal, although the grounds of the motion be spread upon the record, is no sufficient cause for a writ of error. The effect of the division is that the motion is lost; so in the present case, the effect of the division of opinion is that the motion is lost, and the plaintiff is driven to a new suit.
The court does not mean to decide definitively that no question can be brought here upon a certificate of a division of opinion unless the points arose upon the trial of the cause, but is very much induced to think that such is the true construction of the act; but from the general words used, cases may possibly arise that we do not foresee.
At September term, 1825, an action of detinue was instituted in the circuit court by John H. Davis against Alexander Braden to recover a negro slave. During the progress of the suit the plaintiff died, and the suit was revived in the name of Elizabeth Davis, his administratrix, on 1 October, 1830. Afterwards the defendant Alexander Braden died, and at September term, 1832, his death was suggested by the plaintiff, and at September term, 1833, the court made an order as follows:
"It appearing to the court that the death of the defendant was suggested at the last term of this Court, and no steps having been since taken to revive the suit against the representatives of said defendant, it is ordered that the same abate."
Afterwards, at the same term, the order abating the suit was set aside, and a scire facias was issued to his executor, and on the return of the same in September, 1834, a motion to revive the suit against the executor of Alexander Braden was upon argument overruled. On a day afterwards in the same term, the plaintiff's counsel moved to rescind this order, and the court directed the following to be entered of record, viz.,
"This was an action of detinue founded on a tort, brought by the plaintiff against Alexander Braden, the defendant, for the wrongful detention of a slave. The defendant, Braden, died previous to September term 1832, before the suit could be tried. His death was suggested at September term, 1832, and a scire facias issued against Margaret Braden and Harvey Braden, his personal representatives, since the last term, returnable to the present term, to show cause why the said action should not be revived."
"The personal representatives by their counsel appeared, and upon argument of the motion whether the said action should or could be revived against said personal representatives, the opinions of the judges on said point were opposed. Whereupon, upon motion of the plaintiff, by her attorney, that the point upon which said disagreement happened may be stated under the direction of the judges and certified under the seal of the court to the Supreme Court to be finally decided, it is therefore ordered that the foregoing statement of facts in relation to said disagreement, which is made under the direction of the judges, be certified according to the request of the parties and the law in that case made and provided. "