Bus & Transport Securities Corp. v. Helvering,
296 U.S. 391 (1935)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Bus & Transport Securities Corp. v. Helvering, 296 U.S. 391 (1935)

Bus & Transport Securities Corp. v. Helvering

No. 490

Argued November 20, 1935

Decided December 16, 1935

296 U.S. 391




A corporation transferred shares of stock which it owned to another corporation in exchange for shares of stock which the latter owned, neither party to the exchange acquiring any definite immediate interest in the other. Held, not a reorganization within § 112 of the Revenue Act of 1928. P. 296 U. S. 393.

79 F.2d 509 affirmed.

Page 296 U. S. 392

Certiorari to review a judgment affirming a decision of the Board of Tax Appeals which sustained an order determining a deficiency in income tax.

MR. JUSTICE McREYNOLDS delivered the opinion of the Court.

Petitioner, Bus & Transport Securities Corporation, challenges a deficiency income tax assessment for 1929, and says that the transaction from which the alleged taxable gain arose was reorganization within § 112, Revenue Act, 1928, 45 Stat. 816. Paragraphs (b)(4), (i)(1), and (i)(2), are specially relied upon. *

Jacobus owned practically all shares of two corporations, herein designated A and B, which operated bus lines. The Public Service Corporation of New Jersey -- the projector -- desired to control these lines, and to that end engineered the following plan:

Public Service Coordinated Transport Company, affiliated with the projector, caused the organization of C. Easman Jacobus, Inc., took all the stock, and paid therefor by transferring 2,500 of the projector's shares.

Jacobus caused petitioner to be organized, and acquired all its stock in exchange for all shares of A and B corporations. Thereafter, petitioner transferred to Public Service Coordinated Transport Company these A and B shares, and took all shares of C. Easman Jacobus, Inc.

Thus, petitioner, through Jacobus, Inc., came to control 2,500 of the projector's shares, and Public Service

Page 296 U. S. 393

Coordinated and Transport Company became owner of all shares of A and B corporations. Through these manipulations, the projector obtained indirect control of corporations A and B and the lines which they operate.

The Commissioner, the Board of Tax Appeals, and the Circuit Court of Appeals all rightly concluded that petitioner was not party to a reorganization within the statute. Certain corporate shares owned by it were exchanged for shares which another corporation owned. Neither party to the exchange acquired any definite immediate interest in the other. Nothing here, we think, even remotely resembles either merger or reorganization as commonly understood. Pinellas Ice Co. v. Commissioner, 287 U. S. 462.

The challenged judgment must be


* Margin of opinion in Helvering v. Minnesota Tea Co., ante, p. 296 U. S. 378.

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