Lyle v. Rodgers,
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18 U.S. 394 (1820)
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U.S. Supreme Court
Lyle v. Rodgers, 18 U.S. 5 Wheat. 394 394 (1820)
Lyle v. Rodgers
18 U.S. (5 Wheat.) 394
Where claims against a party, both in his own right and in a representative character, are submitted to the award of arbitrators, it is a valid objection to the award that it does not precisely distinguish between moneys which are to be paid by him in his representative character and those for which he is personally bound.
An award may be void in part and good for the residue. But if the part which is void for uncertainty be so connected with the rest as to affect the justice of the case between the parties, the whole is void.
This was an action of debt against the defendant on a bond given by Jerusha Dennison, and the defendant, to the plaintiffs, with a condition to perform the award of certain persons chosen to arbitrate all differences, &c., between the plaintiffs and Jerusha Denison, either as administratrix of Gideon Dennison, deceased, or in any other capacity. The condition of the obligation is in these words:
"Whereas the said Jerusha Dennison and the said James Lyle and Joshua B. Bond have agreed to refer all matters in dispute between them to the award and arbitrament of David Winchester and Thomas Tenant of the City of Baltimore, and in case they differ in opinion, then to them and such third person as the said David Winchester and Thomas Tenant shall choose and appoint. Now the condition of the obligation is such that if the above bound Jerusha Dennison, her heirs, executors and administrators, do and shall well and truly stand to, abide by, and keep the award and arbitrament of the said
David Winchester and Thomas Tenant, arbiters, indifferently named an appointed by them to arbitrate, award, and adjudge of and concerning all actions and causes of actions, debts, dues, controversies, claims or demands whatsoever, both at law and in equity, which the said James Lyle and Joshua B. Bond have, or either of them hath, against her the said Jerusha Dennison, as administratrix of Gideon Dennison or in any other capacity. Or in case the said arbitrators shall differ in opinion, if then the said Jerusha Dennison, her heirs, executors and administrators and every of them do and shall stand to, abide by, perform and keep the award and arbitrament of them the said David Winchester and Thomas Tenant, or either of them, and of such discreet and indifferent person as they shall elect and appoint as a third person as aforesaid, then this obligation to be void, and of none effect, otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue."
Upon this submission, the following award was made:
"Whereas certain differences have arisen between Joshua B. Bond and James Lyle, of the City of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, of the one part, and Jerusha Dennison, of Harford County, in the State of Maryland, of the other part, and whereas, for the purpose of putting an end to the said differences, the said parties, by their several bonds, bearing date the fifteenth day of November last past, have reciprocally become bound, each to the other, in the penal sum of $12,000 current money of the United States to stand to, abide by, perform, and keep the award of David Winchester
and Thomas Tenant, arbiters indifferently named and appointed to arbitrate, adjudge, and award of, and concerning all actions or causes of actions, debts, dues or demands whatsoever, both of law and in equity, which the said Joshua B. Bond, and James Lyle, or either of them, have against the said Jerusha Dennison, as administratrix of Gideon Dennison, or in any other capacity: "
"Whereupon we, the above named arbitrators, after having heard the allegations of the parties, proceeded to an examination of the accounts, documents and proofs by them respectively produced, and having maturely considered the same, do adjudge and award in manner and form following: "
"First. We do adjudge and award that there is due from Jerusha Dennison to Joshua B. Bond and James Lyle, the sum of $8,726.41, with interest from this date until paid; upon the payment whereof, all suits at law and in equity between them shall cease and determine. And,"
"Second. We do adjudge and award that upon the payment by the said Jerusha Dennison of the sum above awarded, with interest, as aforesaid, the said Joshua B. Bond and James Lyle shall execute to the said Jerusha Dennison a good and sufficient release of all claims against her, both in her private capacity and as administratrix of the late Gideon Dennison, and also that they shall reconvey or release, as the case may require, all lands heretofore conveyed or pledged to them by the late Gideon Dennison, as a collateral security, and further that they shall deliver
to the said Jerusha Dennison or account for on oath all bonds, notes, bills, or other securities heretofore given to them by the late Gideon Dennison as collateral security. And"
"Lastly. We do adjudge and award that this award shall be conclusive between the parties."
The sum awarded by the arbitrators not having been paid, this suit was instituted. The defendant, after praying oyer of the bond and of the condition, pleaded no award. The plaintiffs, in their replication, set forth the award, and assigned as a breach of it the nonpayment of the sum of $8,726.46, with interest, awarded to be due to them from the said Jerusha Dennison. The defendant rejoined that among the matters in dispute between the parties was a dispute relating to certain lands conveyed in fee simple by Gideon Dennison, the intestate of the said Jerusha Dennison, to the plaintiffs, in his lifetime, without any condition or defeasance expressed therein, but with an understanding and agreement between them that the same should be held by the plaintiffs as a collateral security for the payment of whatever debt was due from the said Gideon Dennison to the plaintiffs. And also as to certain other lands and land titles, pledged in like manner as a collateral security for the said debt. But because the said matters in dispute are left unsettled by the said award, and for other causes appearing on the face of the said submission and award, the arbitrators made thereon no award &c.
To this rejoinder the plaintiffs demurred, and the defendants joined in demurrer. It was, however,
afterwards agreed between the parties, that instead of arguing the demurrer, the matter contained in the foregoing pleadings and the law arising thereon should be subject to the opinion of the court on a statement of facts made by the parties, and the questions stated as arising thereon.
This statement admits the submission, the appearance of the parties before the arbitrators, the award, due notice thereof, a demand of the sum awarded to be due, and a refusal to pay the same. The statement also contains certain letters which passed between the plaintiffs and Jerusha Dennison, and Samuel Hughes, acting for and in behalf of the said Jerusha, dated in 1799 and 1800, and also a letter from the plaintiffs dated in 1800, addressed to Mr. Hollingsworth, a lawyer of Baltimore, containing a copy of the correspondence above mentioned and transmitting him a note for $5,568, drawn by Gideon Dennison in his lifetime, of which the plaintiffs were holders and which had been regularly protested. On this note, Mr. Hollingsworth was requested to take the proper means to obtain payment. The correspondence admitted that "grants of lands in North Carolina and Tennessee had been given as security, without any acknowledgment or receipt for the same," but contained no information whatever ascertaining what grants were so given, although full information on that subject had been requested on the part of Jerusha Dennison.