Opinions from 2013

Heimeshoff v. Hartford Life & Accident Ins. Co.
Docket Number: 12-729
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 16, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-729/

Justia Opinion Summary: Hartford is the administrator of Wal-Mart’s Group Disability Plan, which is covered by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. The policy requires any suit to recover benefits pursuant to ERISA, 29 U. S. C. 1132(a)(...

Kansas v. Cheever
Docket Number: 12-609
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 11, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-609/

Justia Opinion Summary: After Cheever was charged with capital murder, the Kansas Supreme Court found the state death penalty scheme unconstitutional. State prosecutors dismissed their charges to allow federal authorities to prosecute Cheever,...

Sprint Communications, Inc. v. Jacobs
Docket Number: 12-815
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-815/

Justia Opinion Summary: Sprint, a national telecommunications company, declined to pay intercarrier access fees imposed by Windstream, an Iowa telecommunications carrier, for long distance Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) calls, concluding t...

Unite Here Local 355 v. Mulhall
Docket Number: 12-99
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 10, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-99/

United States v. Woods
Docket Number: 12-562
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 3, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-562/

Justia Opinion Summary: Woods and McCombs participated in a tax shelter to generate paper losses to reduce their taxable income. They purchased currency-option spread packages consisting of a long option, for which they paid a premium, and a sh...

Atlantic Marine Constr. Co. v. United States Dist. Court for Western Dist. of Tex.
Docket Number: 12-929
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 3, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-929/

Justia Opinion Summary: Atlantic, a Virginia corporation, entered into a construction subcontract with J-Crew, a Texas corporation, including a provision that all disputes between the parties would be litigated in Virginia. When a dispute arose...

Ford Motor Co. v. United States
Docket Number: 13-113
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 2, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/13-113/

Justia Opinion Summary: The IRS advised Ford Motor that it had underpaid its taxes from 1983 until 1989. Ford remitted $875 million to stop the accrual of interest that Ford would otherwise owe once audits were completed and the amount of its u...

Burt v. Titlow
Docket Number: 12-414
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 5, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-414/

Justia Opinion Summary: Titlow and Rogers were charged with the murder of Rogers’s husband. After explaining to Titlow that the evidence could support a first-degree murder conviction, Titlow’s attorney negotiated a manslaughter plea in exchang...

Stanton v. Sims
Docket Number: 12-1217
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 4, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-1217/

Justia Opinion Summary: Officer Stanton and his partner responded to a call about a disturbance involving a person with a baseball bat. Stanton was familiar with the LaMesa neighborhood, known for gang violence. The officers, wearing uniforms a...

Madigan v. Levin
Docket Number: 12-872
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: October 15, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/571/12-872/

Hollingsworth v. Perry
Docket Number: 12-144
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-144/

Justia Opinion Summary: The California Supreme Court held that limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples violated the California Constitution; state voters then passed a ballot initiative, Proposition 8, amending the state constitution to defin...

United States v. Windsor
Docket Number: 12-307
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-307/

Justia Opinion Summary: Windsor and Spyer, two women, married in Canada in 2007. Their home state, New York, recognized the marriage. Spyer died in 2009 and left her estate to Windsor, who sought to claim the federal estate tax exemption for su...

Sekhar v. United States
Docket Number: 12-357
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-357/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Comptroller is sole trustee and chooses investments for the employee pension fund of the state of New York and its local governments. The Comptroller’s general counsel recommended against investing in a fund managed...

Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management Dist.
Docket Number: 11-1447
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/11-1447/

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1972 Koontz bought 14.9 undeveloped acres. Florida subsequently enacted the 1972 Water Resources Act, requiring a permit with conditions to ensure that construction will not be harm water resources and the 1984 Hender...

Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl
Docket Number: 12-399
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-399/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) establishes federal standards for state-court custody proceedings involving Indian children. It bars involuntary termination of parental rights absent a heightened showing that...

Shelby County v. Holder
Docket Number: 12-96
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 25, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-96/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Voting Rights Act of 1965, 42 U.S.C. 1973(a), was enacted to address racial discrimination in voting. Section 2 bans any “standard, practice, or procedure” that “results in a denial or abridgement of the right of any...

Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin
Docket Number: 11-345
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/11-345/

Justia Opinion Summary: Since the Court’s 2003 decision, Grutter v. Bollinger, the University of Texas at Austin has considered race as a factor in undergraduate admissions. A Caucasian, rejected for admission, sued, alleging that consideration...

Vance v. Ball State Univ.
Docket Number: 11-556
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/11-556/

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Title VII (42 U.S.C. 2000e–2(a)(1)), an employer’s liability for workplace harassment may depend on the status of the harasser. If the harassing employee is the victim’s co-worker, the employer is liable only if it...

Ryan v. Schad
Docket Number: 12-1084
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-1084/

Justia Opinion Summary: Based on the 1978 strangling death of a 74-year-old, Schad was convicted in 1985 of first-degree murder and sentenced to death. After extensive Arizona state and federal court proceedings, the Supreme Court denied petiti...

Mutual Pharmaceutical Co. v. Bartlett
Docket Number: 12-142
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-142/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval before marketing any brand-name or generic drug in interstate commerce, 21 U.S.C. 355(a). The manufacturer of an approved drug is proh...

United States v. Kebodeaux
Docket Number: 12-418
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-418/

Justia Opinion Summary: Kebodeaux was convicted by special court-martial of a federal sex offense. After serving his sentence and receiving a bad-conduct discharge from the Air Force, he moved to Texas where he registered with state authorities...

University of Tex. Southwestern Medical Center v. Nassar
Docket Number: 12-484
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 24, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-484/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Texas university medical center has an agreement with Parkland Memorial Hospital, requiring the Hospital to offer vacant staff physician posts to University faculty members. A physician of Middle Eastern descent, bot...

Descamps v. United States
Docket Number: 11-9540
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/11-9540/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA) increases the sentences of federal defendants who have three prior convictions “for a violent felony,” including “burglary, arson, or extortion,” 18 U.S.C. 924(e). Under the “categori...

Agency for Int’l Development v. Alliance for Open Society Int’l, Inc.
Docket Number: 12-10
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-10/

Justia Opinion Summary: The U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003, 22 U.S.C. 7601, authorizes appropriations to fund nongovernmental efforts to combat HIV/AIDS worldwide, with conditions that: no funds “may be...

American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant
Docket Number: 12-133
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-133/

Justia Opinion Summary: An agreement between American Express and merchants who accept American Express cards, requires that all of their disputes be resolved by arbitration and provides that there “shall be no right or authority for any Claims...

Alleyne v. United States
Docket Number: 11-9335
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/11-9335/

Justia Opinion Summary: Alleyne was convicted using or carrying a firearm in relation to a crime of violence, 18 U.S.C. 924(c)(1)(A), which carries a five-year mandatory minimum sentence. The sentences increases to a seven-year minimum if the f...

Salinas v. Texas
Docket Number: 12-246
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-246/

Justia Opinion Summary: Without being placed in custody or receiving Miranda warnings, the defendant voluntarily answered questions about a murder. He fell silent when asked whether ballistics testing would match his shotgun to casings found at...

Maracich v. Spears
Docket Number: 12-25
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-25/

Justia Opinion Summary: Using FOIA requests directed to the South Carolina DMV, attorneys obtained names and addresses, then sent letters to more than 34,000 individuals, seeking clients for a lawsuit against car dealerships for violation of a...

FTC v. Actavis, Inc.
Docket Number: 12-416
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-416/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Hatch-Waxman Act), 21 U.S.C. 355(j)(2)(A)(vii)(IV) established procedures for identifying and resolving patent disputes between brand-name and generic d...

Arizona v. Inter Tribal Council of Ariz., Inc.
Docket Number: 12-71
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/570/12-71/

Justia Opinion Summary: The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) requires states to accept and use a uniform federal form to register voters for federal elections, 42 U.S.C. 1973gg–4(a)(1). The form developed by the Election Assistanc...

American Trucking Assns., Inc. v. Los Angeles
Docket Number: 11-798
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-798/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Port of Los Angeles is run by a Board of Harbor Commissioners under a municipal ordinance (the tariff) and leases terminal facilities to operators that load and unload ships. Federally-licensed short-haul drayage tru...

Tarrant Regional Water Dist. v. Herrmann
Docket Number: 11-889
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-889/

Justia Opinion Summary: The congressionally-sanctioned Red River Compact allocates water rights among Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana. The governed area is divided into five "Reaches," each divided into smaller subbasins. Because Louis...

United States v. Davila
Docket Number: 12-167
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-167/

Justia Opinion Summary: Davila, under indictment on tax fraud charges, wrote to the district court, expressing dissatisfaction with his court-appointed attorney, whom, he claimed, simply advised him to plead guilty. Davila requested new counsel...

Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc.
Docket Number: 12-398
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-398/

Justia Opinion Summary: Myriad obtained patents after discovering the precise location and sequence of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, mutations of which can dramatically increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The discovery enabled Myriad t...

Horne v. Department of Agriculture
Docket Number: 12-123
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-123/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (AMAA), enacted to stabilize prices for agricultural commodities, regulate “handlers,” defined as “processors, associations of producers, and others engaged in the handlin...

Oxford Health Plans LLC v. Sutter
Docket Number: 12-135
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-135/

Justia Opinion Summary: Sutter provided medical services to patients insured by Oxford under a fee-for-services contract that required binding arbitration of contractual disputes. Sutter filed a purported class action in state court, claiming t...

Peugh v. United States
Docket Number: 12-62
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 10, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-62/

Justia Opinion Summary: Peugh was convicted of bank fraud for conduct that occurred in 1999-2000. Under the 1998 Sentencing Guidelines, his sentencing range was 30 to 37 months, but the 2009 Guidelines yielded a range of 70 to 87 months. The di...

Hillman v. Maretta
Docket Number: 11-1221
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1221/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Employees’ Group Life Insurance Act (FEGLIA) permits an employee to name a beneficiary of life insurance proceeds, and specifies an “order of precedence” providing that an employee’s death benefits accrue fir...

Maryland v. King
Docket Number: 12-207
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-207/

Justia Opinion Summary: After his arrest on first- and second-degree assault charges, King was processed through a Wicomico County, Maryland, facility, where personnel used a cheek swab to take a DNA sample pursuant to the Maryland DNA Collecti...

Nevada v. Jackson
Docket Number: 12-694
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 3, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-694/

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1998, defendant allegedly forced his way into the apartment of his former girlfriend, Heathmon,raped and hit her, stole a ring, and dragged her outside by the neck and hair. A witness confronted him and defendant fled...

Trevino v. Thaler
Docket Number: 11-10189
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-10189/

Justia Opinion Summary: Trevino was convicted of capital murder in Texas state court and sentenced to death. Neither new counsel appointed for direct appeal nor new counsel appointed for state collateral review raised the claim that trial couns...

McQuiggin v. Perkins
Docket Number: 12-126
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 28, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-126/

Justia Opinion Summary: Henderson was stabbed to death after leaving a party with Perkins and Jones. Perkins was charged with murder. Jones testified that Perkins alone committed the murder while Jones watched. Perkins testified that Jones a...

Arlington v. FCC
Docket Number: 11-1545
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1545/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Communications Act of 1934 requires state or local governments to act on siting applications for wireless facilities “within a reasonable period of time after the request is duly filed.” 47 U.S.C. 332(c)(7)(B)(ii)....

Sebelius v. Cloer
Docket Number: 12-236
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-236/

Justia Opinion Summary: The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 established a no-fault compensation system to stabilize the vaccine market and expedite compensation to injured parties. Under the Act, a proceeding for compensation is “...

PPL Corp. v. Commissioner
Docket Number: 12-43
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-43/

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1997, the United Kingdom imposed a one-time “windfall tax” on 32 U. K. companies privatized between 1984 and 1996 by the Conservative government. The companies had been sold to private parties through an initial sale...

Metrish v. Lancaster
Docket Number: 12-547
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-547/

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1993, Lancaster, a former police officer with a long history of severe mental-health problems, killed his girlfriend. At his jury trial in Michigan state court, Lancaster asserted a defense of diminished capacity. Und...

Bullock v. BankChampaign, N. A.
Docket Number: 11-1518
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1518/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner’s father established a trust for the benefit of petitioner and his siblings, and made petitioner the nonprofessional trustee. The trust’s sole asset was the father’s life insurance policy. Petitioner borrowed...

Bowman v. Monsanto Co.
Docket Number: 11-796
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-796/

Justia Opinion Summary: Monsanto invented and patented Roundup Ready soybean seeds, which contain a genetic alteration that allows them to survive exposure to the herbicide glyphosate. It sells the seeds subject to a licensing agreement that pe...

Dan’s City Used Cars, Inc. v. Pelkey
Docket Number: 12-52
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 13, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-52/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act (FAAAA) preempts state laws “related to a price, route, or service of any motor carrier ... with respect to the transportation of property.” 49 U. S. C. 14501(c)(1)....

McBurney v. Young
Docket Number: 12-17
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 29, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-17/

Justia Opinion Summary: Virginia’s Freedom of Information Act grants Virginia citizens access to all public records, but grants no such right to non-Virginians. Citizens of other states, including the owner of a business that obtains real estat...

Moncrieffe v. Holder
Docket Number: 11-702
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 23, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-702/

Justia Opinion Summary: Moncrieffe, a Jamaican citizen legally in the U.S., was found with 1.3 grams of marijuana in his car. He pleaded guilty under Georgia law to possession of marijuana with intent to distribute. Under the Immigration and Na...

Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co.
Docket Number: 10-1491
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/10-1491/

Justia Opinion Summary: Nigerian nationals, having been granted asylum in the U.S., filed suit under the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), alleging that Dutch, British, and Nigerian corporations aided and abetted the Nigerian Government in committing v...

Missouri v. McNeely
Docket Number: 11-1425
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 17, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1425/

Justia Opinion Summary: McNeely, stopped for speeding and crossing the centerline, declined to take a breath test to measure his blood alcohol concentration (BAC). He was arrested and taken to a hospital. The officer never attempted to secure a...

Genesis HealthCare Corp. v. Symczyk
Docket Number: 11-1059
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 16, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1059/

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff sued under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) on behalf of herself and “other employees similarly situated,” 29 U. S. C. 216(b). She ignored an offer of judgment under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 6...

US Airways, Inc. v. McCutchen
Docket Number: 11-1285
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 16, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-1285/

Justia Opinion Summary: The US Airways health benefits plan paid $66,866 in medical expenses for injuries suffered by McCutchen, its employee, in a car accident caused by a third party. The plan entitled US Airways to reimbursement if McCutchen...

Marshall v. Rodgers
Docket Number: 12-382
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 1, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/12-382/

Justia Opinion Summary: Rodgers was charged with making criminal threats, assault with a firearm, and being a felon in possession of a firearm and ammunition. Before arraignment, he executed a valid waiver of his Sixth Amendment right to counse...

Millbrook v. United States
Docket Number: 11-10362
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 27, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-10362/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) waives the government’s sovereign immunity from tort suits, but excepts from that waiver certain intentional torts, 28 U. S. C. 2680(h). Section 2680(h) contains a proviso that extends...

Comcast Corp. v. Behrend
Docket Number: 11-864
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 27, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-864/

Justia Opinion Summary: Comcast and its subsidiaries allegedly “cluster” cable television operations within a region by swapping their systems outside the region for competitor systems inside the region. Plaintiffs filed a class-action antitrus...

Florida v. Jardines
Docket Number: 11-564
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/569/11-564/

Justia Opinion Summary: Police took a drug-sniffing dog to Jardines’ front porch, where the dog gave a positive alert for narcotics. The officers then obtained a warrant for a search, which revealed marijuana plants. Jardines was charged with t...

Decker v. Northwest Environmental Defense Center
Docket Number: 11-338
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-338/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Clean Water Act requires that National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits be secured before pollutants are discharged from any point source into navigable waters of the United States, 33 U. S. C....

Wos v. E. M. A.
Docket Number: 12-98
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/12-98/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Medicaid statute’s anti-lien provision, 42 U. S. C. 1396p(a)(1), pre-empts state efforts to take any portion of a tort judgment or settlement not “designated as payments for medical care.” A North Carolina statute re...

Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles
Docket Number: 11-1450
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1450/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA) gives federal district courts original jurisdiction over class actions if the matter in controversy exceeds $5 million, 28 U.S.C. 1332(d)(2),(5), and provides that to determin...

Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-697
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-697/

Justia Opinion Summary: Wiley, an academic publisher, often assigns to its foreign subsidiary (WileyAsia) rights to publish, print, and sell Wiley’s English language textbooks abroad. WileyAsia’s books state that they are not to be taken (witho...

Levin v. United States
Docket Number: 11-1351
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 4, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1351/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Federal Tort Claims Act waives sovereign immunity from tort suits, 28 U. S. C. 1346(b)(1), except for certain intentional torts, including battery; it originally afforded tort victims a remedy against the government,...

Amgen Inc. v. Connecticut Retirement Plans and Trust Funds
Docket Number: 11-1085
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1085/

Justia Opinion Summary: To recover damages in a private securities-fraud action under section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 10b–5, a plaintiff must prove reliance on a material misrepre...

Gabelli v. SEC
Docket Number: 11-1274
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 27, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1274/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Investment Advisers Act makes it illegal to defraud clients, 15 U.S.C. 10b–6(1),(2), and authorizes the Securities and Exchange Commission to bring enforcement actions against investment advisers and against individu...

Clapper v. Amnesty International USA
Docket Number: 11-1025
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1025/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act,50 U.S.C. 1881a,2008 amendments, permit the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence to acquire foreign intelligence information by jointly authorizing surveill...

Marx v. General Revenue Corp.
Docket Number: 11-1175
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 26, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1175/

Justia Opinion Summary: Marx alleged that GRC violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by harassing and falsely threatening her in order to collect on a debt. The district court ruled against Marx and awarded GRC costs under FRCP...

Gunn v. Minton
Docket Number: 11-1118
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1118/

Justia Opinion Summary: In an infringement suit, the district court declared Minton’s patent invalid under the “on sale” bar since he had leased his interactive securities trading system to a brokerage more than one year before the patent appli...

Evans v. Michigan
Docket Number: 11-1327
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1327/

Justia Opinion Summary: After the State of Michigan rested its case at Evans’ arson trial, the court granted a directed verdict of acquittal, concluding that the state had failed to prove that the burned building was not a dwelling, a fact the...

Johnson v. Williams
Docket Number: 11-465
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-465/

Justia Opinion Summary: A California jury convicted Williams of murder. On direct appeal she claimed that questioning and dismissal of a juror during deliberations violated the Sixth Amendment and California law. Holding that the juror had been...

Chaidez v. United States
Docket Number: 11-820
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-820/

Justia Opinion Summary: Immigration officials initiated removal proceedings against Chaidez in 2009 upon learning that she had pleaded guilty to mail fraud in 2004. To avoid removal, she sought to overturn that conviction by filing a petition f...

Henderson v. United States
Docket Number: 11-9307
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 20, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-9307/

Justia Opinion Summary: The district court increased the length of Henderson’s sentence so he could participate in a prison drug rehabilitation program. Henderson’s counsel did not object to the sentence, but, on appeal, Henderson claimed plain...

FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-1160
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1160/

Justia Opinion Summary: Under Georgia’s Hospital Authorities Law, Ga. Code 31-7-75, political subdivisions may create special-purpose hospital authorities to exercise public and essential governmental functions, including acquiring public healt...

Chafin v. Chafin
Docket Number: 11-1347
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1347/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction requires contracting states to order a child returned to her country of habitual residence upon finding that the child has been wrongfully remove...

Bailey v. United States
Docket Number: 11-770
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-770/

Justia Opinion Summary: While police were preparing to execute a search warrant for a basement apartment, detectives in an unmarked car outside the apartment saw two men, later identified as Bailey and Middleton, leave the gated area above the...

Florida v. Harris
Docket Number: 11-817
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 19, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-817/

Justia Opinion Summary: Officer Wheetley pulled Harris over for a routine traffic stop. Wheetley sought consent to search Harris’s truck, based on Harris’s nervousness and seeing an open beer can. When Harris refused, Wheetley executed a sniff...

Sebelius v. Auburn Regional Medical Center
Docket Number: 11-1231
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 22, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-1231/

Justia Opinion Summary: Reimbursement providers for inpatient services rendered to Medicare beneficiaries is adjusted upward for hospitals that serve disproportionate numbers of patients who are eligible for Supplemental Security Income. The Ce...

Lozman v. Riviera Beach
Docket Number: 11-626
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 15, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-626/

Justia Opinion Summary: Lozman’s floating home was a plywood structure with empty bilge space underneath to keep it afloat. He had it towed several times before deciding on a marina owned by the city of Riviera Beach. After various disputes and...

Smith v. United States
Docket Number: 11-8976
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-8976/

Justia Opinion Summary: Smith claimed that drug conspiracy charges under 21 U. S. C.846 and 18 U. S. C. 1962(d), were barred by 18 U. S. C.3282’s five-year statute of limitations. The district court instructed the jury to convict Smith if the g...

Already, LLC v. Nike, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-982
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 9, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-982/

Justia Opinion Summary: Nike alleged that Already’s athletic shoes violated Nike’s Air Force 1 trademark; Already challenged the trademark. While the suit was pending, Nike agreed not to raise any trademark or unfair competition claims against...

Ryan v. Valencia Gonzales
Docket Number: 10-930
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/10-930/

Justia Opinion Summary: Gonzales, an Arizona death row inmate, sought federal habeas relief. Counsel sought a stay, contending that mental incompetence prevented Gonzales from rationally communicating with or assisting counsel, and that 18 U. S...

Los Angeles County Flood Control Dist. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
Docket Number: 11-460
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 8, 2013
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/568/11-460/

Justia Opinion Summary: Los Angeles County Flood Control District operates a “municipal separate storm sewer system” (MS4) drainage system that collects, transports, and discharges storm water. Because storm water is often heavily polluted, the...