Croudson v. Leonard
8 U.S. 434 (1808)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Croudson v. Leonard, 8 U.S. 4 Cranch 434 434 (1808)

Croudson v. Leonard

8 U.S. (4 Cranch) 434

Syllabus

The sentence of a foreign court of admiralty condemning a vessel for breach of blockade is conclusive evidence of that fact in an action on the policy of insurance.

Error to the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia in an action on a policy of insurance on the cargo of the brig Fame on a voyage from Alexandria, to, at, and from Barbados and four other ports in the West Indies and back to Alexandria, the vessel and cargo warranted American property. The vessel arrived at Barbados, and sailed from thence for Antigua, but on her voyage to that island was captured by a British vessel and carried into Barbados, and there condemned in the vice-admiralty court for attempting to break the blockade of Martinique.

The jury found a special verdict, upon which the judgment below was in favor of the plaintiffs.

The only question arising upon this special verdict was whether the sentence of the court of vice-admiralty was conclusive evidence of an attempt to violate the blockade of Martinique.

This question having been several times argued (but not decided) in the case of Fitzsimmons v. Newport Insurance Company,8 U. S. 185, at this term, the counsel submitted it to the Court without further argument.

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