Redmond v. United States - 384 U.S. 264 (1966)
U.S. Supreme Court
Redmond v. United States, 384 U.S. 264 (1966)
Redmond v. United States
Decided May 23, 1966
384 U.S. 264
ON PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES
COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
Solicitor General's motion to vacate and remand with instructions to dismiss information granted, based on ground that federal obscenity statute violation charged against petitioners, a married couple who sent allegedly obscene private correspondence through the mail in circumstances which were not aggravated, contravened Government's prosecutorial policy.
Certiorari granted; 355 F. 2d 446, vacated and remanded to the District Court.
The petition for certiorari is granted. The Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit affirmed the conviction of petitioners, husband and wife, under an information charging them with violating the federal obscenity statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1461 (1964 ed.), by having mailed undeveloped films of each other posing in the nude to an out-of-state firm for developing, and having received through the mails the developed negatives and a print of each.
In response to the certiorari petition, the Solicitor General has filed a motion requesting that the judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit be vacated, and the cause remanded to the District Court with directions to dismiss the information. The ground of the motion is that
"the initiation of the instant prosecution was not in accord with policies which had previously been formulated within the Department [of Justice' for the guidance of United States Attorneys."
The policies referred to are set forth in a memorandum to United States
Attorneys, dated August 31, 1964. The memorandum states, in pertinent part, that prosecution for mailing private correspondence which is allegedly obscene
"should be the exception confined to those cases involving repeated offenders or other circumstances which may fairly be characterized as aggravated."
The Solicitor General states that there are no such exceptional circumstances warranting a prosecution of petitioners:
"They were not repeated offenders. They had no record of involvement with obscene materials or sex-related offenses, and no apparent opportunity for close association with young people. No other aggravating circumstance appears to be present."
In consideration of the premises, and upon an independent examination of the record filed in this Court, the motion is granted. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is accordingly vacated, the cause is remanded to the District Court, and that court is directed to dismiss the information. See Petite v. United States, 361 U. S. 529.
It is so ordered.
MR. JUSTICE STEWART, with whom MR. JUSTICE BLACK and MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS concur, would reverse this conviction not because it violates the policy of the Justice Department, but because it violates the Constitution.