New York Central R. Co. v. Winfield - 244 U.S. 147 (1917)
U.S. Supreme Court
New York Central R. Co. v. Winfield, 244 U.S. 147 (1917)
New York Central Railroad Company v. Winfield
Argued February 29, March 1, 1916
Restored to docket for reargument November 13, 1916
Reargued February 1, 1917
Decided May 21, 1917
244 U.S. 147
The liabilities and obligations of interstate railroad carrier to make compensation for personal injuries suffered by their employees while engaged in interstate commerce are regulated both inclusively and exclusively by the Federal Employers' Liability Act, and, Congress having thus fully covered the subject, no room exists for state regulation, even in respect of injuries occurring without fault, as to which the federal act provides no remedy.
Therefore, an award made under the New York Workmen's Compensation Act for injuries not attributable to negligence, which were received by an employee of an interstate railroad carrier while both were engaged in interstate commerce, cannot be upheld.
18 App.Div. 351, 216 N.Y. 284, reversed.
The case is stated in the opinion.