Illinois C. R. Co. v. Henderson Elevator Co. - 226 U.S. 441 (1913)
U.S. Supreme Court
Illinois C. R. Co. v. Henderson Elevator Co., 226 U.S. 441 (1913)
Illinois Central Railroad Company
v. Henderson Elevator Company
Argued December 19, 1912
Decided January 6, 1913
226 U.S. 441
ERROR TO THE COURT OF APPEALS
OF THE STATE OF KENTUCKY
Failure to post rates does not estop the carrier from collecting the published tariff rate notwithstanding a lower rate may have been quoted to the shipper. Kansas City Southern Ry. Co. v. Albers Commission Co., 223 U. S. 573.
138 Ky. 220 reversed.
The facts are stated in the opinion.
Memorandum opinion, by direction of the court, by MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE:
The Henderson Elevator Company, defendant in error, as plaintiff below, brought this action to recover damages from the railroad company, the plaintiff in error, because of a loss alleged to have been sustained by an erroneous quotation by the agent of the railroad company of the freight rate on corn shipped in interstate commerce from the station of the railroad company at Henderson, Kentucky. A rate of 10 cents per hundred pounds was quoted by the agent when in fact the rate as fixed by the published tariff on file with the Interstate Commerce Commission, and effective at the time, was 13 1/2 cents per hundred pounds. On the trial before a jury, the court instructed that, if the loss sustained by the plaintiff
"was occasioned and brought about by defendant's failure to have posted or on file in its office in Henderson, Kentucky, its freight tariff rate in question, and by reason of any erroneous quotation of defendant of its freight rate from and to the points in question, of which plaintiff complains, "
there should be a verdict for the plaintiff. A verdict having been rendered for the plaintiff in accordance with this instruction, and the judgment entered thereon having been subsequently affirmed by the Court of Appeals of Kentucky (138 Ky. 220), this writ of error was sued out.
It is to us clear that the action of the court below in affirming the judgment of the trial court, and the reasons upon which that action was based, were in conflict with the rulings of this Court, interpreting and applying the Act to Regulate Commerce. New York Central R. Co. v. United States, 212 U. S. 504; Texas & Pacific R. Co. v. Mugg, 202 U. S. 242; Gulf Railroad Co. v. Hefley, 158 U. S. 98. That the failure to post does not prevent the case from being controlled by the settled rule established by the cases referred to is now beyond question. Kansas City Southern Ry. Co. v. Albers Commission Co., 223 U. S. 573, 223 U. S. 594 (a).